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Iranian Revolution Timeline
Transcript of Iranian Revolution Timeline
Khomeini is arrested and put under house arrest. This sparked protests and riots resulting in over 400 deaths. April 7, 1964
Khomeini is released from house arrest. He returns to Qom. November 1964
Khomeini is arrested and taken to Mehrabad Airport in Tehran. He's exiled in November, and does not return to Iran for 14 years. January 22, 1965
Hassan-Ali Mansur, the prime minister is assassinated by Mohammad Bokharaii. Amir Abbas Hoveyda is appointed.
September 5, 1965
Khomeini leaves Turkey for Najaf in Iraq, where he was destined to spend thirteen years. October 1977
Iranians protest against the Shah. November 21, 1977
The Shah consult the United States for support. August 1978
Strikes and demonstrations cripple the Iranian government. August 19, 1978
The ruling government of Iran reported that Islamic militants set the fire, while the anti-Shah protesters blamed the intelligence service of the nation, SAVAK for setting the fire. The Iranian newspaper Sobhe Emrooz claimed in 2001 that the Cinema Rex fire was set by radical Islamists, later the newspaper was shut down by the Islamic government. The Shah's policies alienate the clergy and his authoritarian rule leads to riots, strikes and mass demonstrations. Martial law is imposed. September 1, 1978
September 8, 1978
Protesters gathered in Tehran killed. Security forces killed dosens of people under The Shah’s martial law. December 2, 1978
Over two million people filled the streets of Tehran's Azadi Square to demand the removal of the Shah and return of Khomeini. January 16, 1979
As the political situation deteriorates, the Shah and his family are forced into exile. February 1, 1979
Revolutionary forces under Khomeini seize power after his return to the country. March 31, 1979
Referendum approved the establishment of an Islamic republic with Khomeini in control. April 7, 1979
Prominent Iranians executed. November 4, 1979
Iranian militants seized the U.S. embassy in Teheran and held sixty-six occupants hostage, demanding the return of the shah from the U.S. After the shah's death in 1980 in Egypt, an agreement was negotiated that freed the hostages on 20 January 1981. December 2, 1979
Khomeini became absolute ruler for life. July 27, 1980
Shah dies. November 1980
The first Gulf War broke out between Iran and Iraq. THE REVOLUTION
BEGINS THE REVOLUTION
ENDS Cohen, Roger. "The New York Times Upfront | The News Magazine for High School." The New
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"History of Iran: Islamic Revolution of 1979." History of Iran: Islamic Revolution of 1979. N.p., n.d.
Web. 09 Apr. 2013.
"Iran Profile." BBC News. BBC, 04 Sept. 2013. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.
"Timeline: A Modern History of Iran." PBS. PBS, 11 Feb. 2010. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.