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Civil War Assessment
Transcript of Civil War Assessment
Katherine Do Rm. 306 - GA 8-1
1. Political Climates
2. Charts and Diagrams
3. Cultural/Regional Differences
4. Causes of the Civil War
-Disliked Abraham Lincoln ever since he was elected since he was antislavery and was against the South's belief that having slavery was a good thing.
-Supported slavery and benefited from slaves by using them to work on large plantations.
-Economy was based on farming since their land was fertile and had a suitable climate for planting profitable crops.
-Supported the election of Abraham Lincoln because he was against slavery and wanted to abolish it.
-Thought that slavery was wrong and hired skilled workers to work in industries instead.
-Economy was based on manufacturing from industries since the North's land wasn't as fertile and suitable for farming as the South's land.
-Both disliked the taxes passed by the government due to the Civil War.
-Many people disliked the war because it separated families that had relatives living both in the north and the South.
-Planned out strategies carefully during the war to try to defeat the enemy at the battles.
The Election of Abraham Lincoln
During the election of 1860, the South believed that Abraham Lincoln was anti-slavery and would favor the North more since they didn't support slavery either. South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas decided to withdraw from the Union since they didn't support Abraham Lincoln's decisions and beliefs.
Kelly, Martin. "Top Five Causes of the Civil War." About.com American History. About.com, n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarmenu/a/cause_civil_war.htm>.
"The First Income Tax." Civil War Trust. Civil War Trust, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/warfare-and-logistics/logistics/tax.html>.
"What Is the Abolitionist Movement?" WiseGEEK. Conjecture Corporation, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-the-abolitionist-movement.htm>.
"The North Star." American Treasures of the Library of Congress. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trr085.html>.
Memmott, Mark. "Are You A Constitutional Scholar? Here's A Test." NPR. NPR, 26 Oct. 2010. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.npr.org/blogs/itsallpolitics/2010/10/25/130815760/constitution>.
"Three-part Series on Brazil’s Growing Influence in the Developing World." Brazil Institute. WordPress.com, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://brazilportal.wordpress.com/2008/11/12/three-part-series-on-brazils-growing-influence-in-the-developing-world/>.
"North and South: Different Cultures, Same Country." Civil War Trust. Civil War Trust, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/civil-war-overview/northandsouth.html>.
"Civil War Statistics." Civil War Statistics. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.phil.muni.cz/~vndrzl/amstudies/civilwar_stats.htm>.
"The Battle of Gettysburg." The Battle of Gettysburg. Son of the South, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/august/battle-gettysburg.htm>.
Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th president of the United States.
Slavery Abolitionist Movement
Prior to the Civil War, there was a movement made and organized by slavery abolitionists to try to show how strongly they felt about abolishing slavery. Of course, this angered many people in the South since it was against their beliefs that slavery was fair to practice. To help spread the movement, abolitionists made newspapers and pamphlets that supported anti-slavery. The movement to abolish slavery led to the women's rights movement later on.
The North Star was a well-known anti-slavery newspaper that was founded by Frederick Douglass in 1847.
States' Rights vs. Federal Rights
There was a debate between whether or not states should be allowed to have more control over what laws they wanted to pass and how they wanted to govern their land. Many state officials argued that they wanted to be more independent from the federal government and that they didn't always agree with the way the federal government wanted to govern the 13 states. Many state officials felt that the Constitution limited states' rights.
The Constitution angered many state officials.
Different Views on Slavery
This is probably the most known cause of the Civil War. Different views on slavery was a big issue that helped fuel the Civil War. In the South, farmers relied on slaves to profit from their plantations and farms since the economy was mainly based on farming. In the North, skilled workers were hired to work in industries, not slaves. The North had no use for slavery and viewed it as wrong and unjust. Since many people were Christian, they also thought it was sinful. The North's economy was based on industries and manufacturing.
Because of the invention of the cotton gin, many people in the South started to own cotton plantations where an abundant amount of slaves was needed to pick and maintain the cotton plants.
-The soil in the North was less fertile.
-The climate was cooler in the North.
-There weren't many farms since the weather and soil wasn't suitable for growing plants.
-People profited from industries and manufacturing goods.
-Had more resources and supplies during the Civil War.
-Tried to abolish slavery and didn't have a use for slaves (no slavery in the North).
-Advanced more in technology and machinery.
-Used trains during the war to transport supplies.
-The soil in the South was fertile enough to have thriving plantations and farms.
-There was a warm climate suitable for planting crops such as cotton, tobacco, and indigo.
-People became rich and profited from plantations and farms.
-Slavery helped the economy.
-People supported slavery and used slaves to work on farms.
-Due to lack of industries, the South had lesser supplies and weapons in the Civil War than the North.
-The South did not use trains to transport goods during the war since they weren't advanced in technology.
The qualities of the North's land made it difficult to farm crops and raise livestock but it was ideal for industries and manufacturing goods. This helped the North advance in technology since they needed better technology to get manufacturing done more easily. Since the South had a suitable climate and fertile soil, they could grow crops and farm year-round. They wanted to make use of the good land so they based their economy on farming and agriculture. This made them have a lack in technology and supplies during the Civil War.
Much of the battles took place on Southern soil. This was a pro and a con to the Confederates. They knew the features of the land and where everything was located. they also prepared strategies for the battles more easily. Unfortunately, much of their land was destroyed since the battles took place on it.
The North specialized in manufacturing goods. This meant that they had better weapons and supplies than the Confederates.
There were more people in the Union army than in the Confederate army. The South was outnumbered and after the Battle of Gettysburg, the Confederates had a disadvantage in soldiers.
Key Factors That Led to the Results of the Civil War
The North used railroads as a source of transportation for good and supplies. This made supplies arrive to the Union army campsites more quickly.
Battle of Gettysburg
Statistics (Deaths and Wounded)