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Transcript of Enlightenment
The three greatest composers during this time were:
Centers of Enlightenment in 1740
Many wars were fought to defend people's rights and freedoms
Francis Marie Arouet or "Voltaire" was one of the most influential philosophers during the enlightenment. He fought for tolerance, reason, freedom of religious belief and speech. He often used satire to make fun of the French government. His sarcasm and wit caused him to be exiled to England. While there he noticed that England had the best government. He made the impact that guaranteed the rights of men and citizens in the U.S. Bill of Rights and French Declaration.European monarchs also reduced and eliminated censoreship.Even though he would get punished, Voltaire never stopped fighting. Voltaire published over 70 books of political essays, history, fiction, and drama to get his point across.
"Crush the evil thing!"
America :A New Republic
In 1776 the Americans fought against the British militia in the American Revolution.
Colonist declared independence ,defeated Britain, and established a Republic.
When scientists began to question beliefs and made theories based on experimentation.Many scientists used the scientific method for testing new theories and ideas.
Enlightenment ideas like liberty and equality were the cause of the French Revolution. With new ideas of enlightenment, many French people were content with their freedoms. Unfortunately,the state and church were not in alliance, so the French tried to make a new government. They made a limited constitutional monarchy.
A European movement during the 1700s in which thinkers used the scientific method and reasoning to improve society.
Before the enlightenment architects would primarily use a style called baroque-a grand,ornate style. After the enlightenment artists began to use a new style called neoclassical or "new classical."
John Locke was a philosopher set on natural rights. Locke favored self-government and did not like absolute monarchies. According to Locke, all people are born free and equal, with the three natural rights: life,liberty, and property. This was a new idea that the government gets it's power from the consent of the governed. Locke,like many other philosophers, published his thinking in books to express how he felt about the government and what should be changed about it.
Baron de Montesquieu(1689-1755)
"Power should be a check to power."
Montesquieu was a French writer whose main idea was the separation of powers. He felt that Britain had the best government during his time. Montesquieu also developed the idea of checks and balances. This kept any branch from having more power than another. Later on these same ideas are seen in the United States Constitution. Today France, the United States ,and Latin American nations use these ideas as a base to their government.
During the Enlightenment many writers began to write novels.
Other popular writers during this time:
Voltaire used satire in his works of literature to get his points across. In one of his popular novels
, Voltaire tells the story of a young man who goes through many obstacles to talk about the philosophy optimism.
In his book Gulliver's Travels, Swift tells the story of an English doctor who gets stranded on strange lands. He relates the book to how he feels about the inhumane side of the human race.
Elisabeth -Louise Vigee-Le Brun
A self portrait with her daughter
Joseph Wright of Derby
Philosopher Giving a Lecture on the Orrery
Franz Joseph Haydn
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Ludwig van Beethoven
Haydn developed new musical forms like sonatas and symphonies.
Beethoven wrote many compositions incorporated with pianos, string quartets, and symphonies like
Piano Sonata No.8
Bagatelle in A minor
Mozart started composing music as a child all up until he died at age 35. He made over 600 works during this short period of time.
The Marriage of Figaro
The Magic Flute
After the French and Indian War the king began to put lots of taxes on items. This made the colonists angry, so they decided to rebel.
Laws of Gravity
Just like scientist, philosophers began to question the ways of the world. This was a significant cause of the enlightenment.
Art and Plays
The enlightenment was an important era dring the 1700s. If it wouldn't have happend our society would not be the way it is today.The enlightenment has set the basic precedent for technology,literature, art and our government.
"Enlightenment." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 05 June 2014.
Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Phillip C. Naylor, and Dahia Ibo Shabaka. McDougal Littell World History: Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2007. Print.
Copernicus makes Heliocentric theory
Galileo observes heavens through microscope
Newton law of gravity
John Locke natural rights
Montesquieu separation of powers
Janssen invents microscope
Copernicus -Heliocentric theory
Brahe- theory that the universe changes
Harvey- shows how he human heart works
Torricelli- invents barometer
Boyle- discovers boyle's law
Leeuwenhoek- observes bacteria through microscope
Fahrenheit- mercury thermometer
During the enlightenment many new inventions and discoveries were made. Down below are some of those many discoveries