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Intoduction to 2D Art Mediums

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Claire Foord

on 16 May 2013

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Transcript of Intoduction to 2D Art Mediums

(materials used by an artist) Two Dimensional Art Mediums Drawing
Mixed Media
Painting Mixed Media Stencil Oil Painting Painting - our focus in this practical lesson - is one category of art medium. In art, the term painting describes both the act and the result of the action. Within the paint medium, several types of paint exist each with its own qualities.

In painting this medium is most commonly applied with a brush but other tools such as knives, sponges, sprays and unconventional implements (such as syringes) can be used. Printmaking Printmaking includes prints, etchings and silkscreens. Unlike drawing mediums, these works on paper involve applying ink to an image made in reverse, which when applied to paper, renders one or more version of the artist's intended image. The images are made by etching images into metal or overhead sheets, by carving images into woodblocks, lino or other thick materials, and via mechanized forms of silkscreening and printing. Drawing Artists might use drawing for sketches or complete compositions in fine arts. Oil pastels allow artists to achieve a similar effect as working with oil paint, but with a drier medium and the type of control that for some is more precise than working with a brush.

charcoal Mixed media refers to a work of visual art that combines various traditional distinct visual art media. For example, a work on canvas that combines paint, ink, and collage is a "mixed media" work.

Mixed media is not the same as "multimedia art". This term refers to combining both visual art with non-visual art elements (like recorded sound or motion graphics). Using stencils artists can create imagery that is easily duplicated or overlayed. Stencils are made from paper, cardboard, acrylic sheets or other material to makes use of a paper, cardboard, or other media to by cutting a design or drawing into it. The image is then applied to a surface with a variety of mediums (most commonly spray paint or roll-on paint). Often multiple layers of stencils are used on the same image to add colours or create the illusion of depth. Considered by some as the most advanced painting media, traditional oil paints require turpentine for clean up. There are waterbased oils too, which use water for cleanup.

Commonly artist will mix solvents, mediums and thinners to their oils to create layering, transparency, opacity and luminosity. Stephen Wiltshire conte
chalk pastels
oil pastels Jean Dubuffet Egon Schiele Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Daniel O'Toole Water Colour Watercolour paint can be difficult to master at first, due to the fast drying time and sometimes challenging brush strokes they create. Watercolours traditionally are applied with a brush but like other paint mediums you may like to try other tools too Acrylic Acrylic paints make an excellent a versatile medium. They mix, thin and clean up with water while requiring little drying time.
Acrylics when worked correctly are easy to manipulate and can be worked to mimic oils. Oils can be over-painted on acrylics but not the reverse. Impasto Medium Impasto is related to the way in which paint lies. The stroke is raised on the surface area and if the paint was to be viewed at its side the mark would lie visible.

Impasto medium used with acrylic paint allows an artist to replicate the look of an impasto brush stroke (a build-up of raised colour) in a faster drying time. Impasto medium is free of colour and when mixed with acrylic adds body to the paint.

It can be applied by knife or brush in heavy blobs onto the original primed canvas and when dry, fully over-painted. Gel and Gesso Gel is a clear acrylic spreading medium and comes in a variety of thicknesses and properties, but its basic purpose is to change the consistency or appearance of acrylic paint.

Gels are most commonly available in gloss, matt or semi-gloss. Artists might use gel medium mixed with acrylic paint to add sheen, reduce gloss, adhere mixed media elements to the surface of the painting, add a transparent coat and prime canvas. Modeling paste Modeling or texture paste is used to create prominent texture to an artwork than is possible with paint alone. Often the stroke itself holds great impact and can add to the feel and depth of the work.

If you're using acrylics, you can mix the paint with the paste or paint over it. With oil paint you can paint over texture paste once it's dried as you would with an acrylic gesso or gel medium.

If you paint too thick a layer, the top of the stroke will dry before the bottom and the centre may not dry properly. For very thick texture its best to work in layers. If you are using thicker layers a rigid board is best rather than canvas unless you are not concerned with possible cracking.

There is a range of pastes available some have added texture in them, like sand or fabric, but this can be added yourself too. Roy Lichtenstein Mariann Johansen-Ellis Margaret Preston Vernon Ah-Kee Dianne Longley Katsushika Hokusai Sally Smart Brett Whiteley Ghost Patrol Claire Foord Lynn Hershman Leeson Christian Lock Vincent Van Gogh Deborah Trusson Jenny Saville Peter Serwan Ben Tour Del Kathryn Barton Albrecht Dürer Arthur Phillips William Turner James Dodd Kerry Inkster Indigenous Artist Unknown Os Gemeos Swoon Ben Quilty Claire Foord Chuck Close Emma Hack Cy Twombly Vasilly Kandinsky
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