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Transcript of French Revolution
Three main causes of the french revolution:
Crash Course world history
Economically there was a financial crisis
Politically there was social inequality
Socially France was divided into three estates/classes
Nationalism: Aspirations common to the whole of a nation.
The French Revolution
When: 1787-1799, 1830-1848
Napoleon Bonaparte- leader of the french army.
Two types: Ethnic & Civic
French Revolution was civic.
Louis XVI-the king who was deposed during this time
18th century, France was a rich and populous country
Had a problem with collecting taxes because of the way the society was structured
by 1789, France was deeply in debt because they helped fund the American Revolution
The 3rd estate (the common people) rose up against the king and started the french revolution.
The idea of members of a shared community called a nation should have the power to rule within the borders of their state.
The people with the money (nobles a clergy) didn't have to pay taxes
During the enlightenment, people wanted their own power rather than the king believing in the equality.
King Louis XVI was spending half the national budget to service the federal debt
King Louis also tried to reform this system but all attempts failed
France soon declared bankruptcy
Jacques Necker-France’s director general of finance
The economic effects include the rise of the price of bread and the loss of Haiti
August decrees- decrees that release all peasants from feudal contracts.
The political effects were the rise of two new political ideologies: nationalism and socialism
The social effects was the dismantlement of feudalism
Civil Constitution of the Clergy- a document that breaks ties with the Catholic church.
Constitution of 1791- the new constitution that established limited monarchy
The American Revolution
Montesquieu, Voltaire and Rousseau