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Miranda v. Arizona

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by

Sam Mahoney

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of Miranda v. Arizona

MIRANDA V. ARIZONA Summary Effects 1963 In 1963, Ernesto Miranda was arrested, taken into custody, and charged with rape, kidnapping, and robbery. The police then interrogated him for two hours and Miranda ended up writing a signed confession. During his trial this confession was presented. He was found guilty of kidnapping and rape and was sentenced to 20-30 years of imprisonment on each count. He appealed to the Arizona Supreme Court because his confession was gathered unconstitutionally. The court disagreed with this and Miranda followed up by appealing to the U.S Supreme Court which reviewed the case in 1966. A 5-4 decision said that prosecution could not use Miranda’s confession as evidence because they did not inform him of his right to an attorney and against self-incrimination. 1965 1966 1964 1967 On March 13, 1963 Ernesto Miranda was arrested. June 20, 1963 Ernesto Miranda brought to trial January 1,1966 Supreme Court hears Miranda case The court created “Miranda Rights” referred as “the marriage of the 5th and 6th Amendment” says you have “the right to remain silent” and “anything said can and will be used against [the defendant] in a court of law” must be told to you when you’re first arrested. Four years after his release from prison Ernesto Miranda kidnapped and raped an 18 year old movie theater attendant. On March 3, 1963 Opinion We agreed with the Supreme Courts decision because the first ruling was unconstitutional, violating the rights of the accused, therefore resulting in an unfair trial. Supreme
Courts Decision Long Term Effects Short Term Effects The conviction of Ernesto Miranda was reversed and his confession could not be used in any further prosecution. Timeline June 13, 1966 The court made its final decision, Ruling the case unconstitutional, because it violated the rights of the accused. In a 5-4 vote, the supreme court overturned Miranda's earlier conviction. However, when he was retried with none of the evidence from the interrogation room, he was guilty and sentenced to 20-30 years of jail time. The case was ruled unconstitutional because Ernesto Miranda didn't know that he had protection against self-incrimination, as well as the right to an attorney. When the police were interrogating Miranda, he wasn't aware that he had the right to remain silent. Unconstitutionality http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/images/miranda.jpg Arguments Miranda Ernesto Miranda was never informed about the Fifth Amendment,the right to protect yourself against self-incrimination and the Sixth Amendment, the right to an attorney. Arizona Ernesto Miranda was familiar with police procedures. He intelligently negotiated with the police and understood the process. He also willingly signed the confession. The Supreme Court should uphold his conviction and keep Ernesto Miranda in jail.
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