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ISLAM: Developments, Expansion, Schism and Opposing Outlooks

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Helen Regan

on 22 March 2017

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Transcript of ISLAM: Developments, Expansion, Schism and Opposing Outlooks

what we will do today:
key moments in the development of Islam
Changes in Muslim Power
Development, Schism and OPPOSING OUTLOOKS
The development of Islam
The expansion of Islam
Schisms (splits)
Different Traditions
Opposing Outlooks
Islam is the world's second largest religion.
The largest Muslim populations are found in Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Turkey, Iran and Nigeria.
After Muhammad's death in 632 CE, the Islamic community was led by a succession of men called the CALIPHS (successors).
The caliphs fought wars against the Byzantine and Persian Empire with two aims in mind:
1. To defend Islam.
2. To spread their beliefs and religion.
For several centuries, the Islamic world was ruled by two dynasties: the UMAYYADS (Damascus) and the ABBASIDS (Baghdad)
In the 11th and 12th Century, European states fought a series of military campaigns known as THE CRUSADES.
They wanted to re-establish Christian control over the Holy Land.
In the 13th Century, ABBASID rule ended by the MONGOL INVASION.
The single Muslim Empire that had existed was replaced by three separate ones:
1. The OTTOMAN EMPIRE: which ruled south-east Europe, Turkey, the Middle East and North Africa.
2. The PERSIAN EMPIRE: which ruled central Asia
3. The MOGUL EMPIRE: which rules most of India.
After Muhammad's death, disagreements arose as to who should be his CALIPH.
These disagreements led to a SCHISM (a split) within the Islamic Community.
p. 206
Let's read the story of the SCHISM
Two rival traditions were formed: the SUNNI and the SHI'A.
The SUNNI ("the path shown by Muhammad") makes up 90% of the worldwide Islamic community.
The SHI'A ("The party of Ali") makes up 10% of the worldwide Islamic Community.
relations with other world religions
Muslims believe that the words of Allah can be found in the Jewish Tenakh and the Christian BIBLE.
They believe that Allah's message was distorted by the authors of these books and that they added in extra details.
Inter-faith dialogue between Islam and other world religions is complicated by the absence of any single leadership.
Muslims differ as to what their relationship with other religions should be:
Some accept that other religions exist as they teach important truths and may lead others to Allah.
Some say that Islam has nothing to gain from other religions.
Some muslims belief it is their solemn duty to encourage people to convert to Islam.
Pick one of the following topics:
1. Jihad
2. Women in Islam
Full transcript