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Victorian Era: British Empire and Wars

Social Studies Project
by

Ruby Tang

on 20 December 2015

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Transcript of Victorian Era: British Empire and Wars

British Empire and Wars (1837-1901)
"The sun never set on the British Empire."
Scotland
England
Great Britain
Global
Exploration
Trade
Colonies
Established
Powerful
Navy
British
Empire
Flag
Emblem
The Great Exhibition of 1851
Indian Display
Indian Display
Koh-i-noor Diamond Display

Florence Nightingale
A History of the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations. (n.d.). Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://cnrsociety.org/Empire_and_Commonwealth_History.pdf

A Victorian Passage. (2002). A Victorian Passage. Retrieved November 4, 2013, from A Victorian Passage into Time: http://www.victorianpassage.com/victorian.html

Alcock, J. (2013). Historical Atlas of the British Empire. Retrieved October 29, 2013, from http://www.atlasofbritempire.com/Height_of_Empire.html

Cody, D. (1998). The British Empire. Retrieved October 24, 2013, from The Victorian Web: http://www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/Empire.html

Cole, C., & Wright, J. (2010, January). 1. What are drones? Retrieved November 12, 2013, from Drone Wars UK: http://dronewars.net/aboutdrone/

Commonwealth of Nations. (2001, October 18). Retrieved November 12, 2013, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_Nations

Corey, M., & Ochoa, G. (1996). The Encyclopedia of the Victorian World: a reader's companion to the people, places, events, and everyday life of the Victorian era. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Cranny, M., Jarvis, G., Moles, G., & Seney, B. (1999). Horizons: Canada Moves West. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada Incorporation.

Doughty, C. (1971, May 29). Cecil Doughty. Retrieved November 4, 2013, from Illustration Art Gallery: http://www.illustrationartgallery.com/acatalog/info_DoughtyAlma.html

Evans, E. (2011, March 29). Overview: Victorian Britain, 1837 - 1901. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from BBC History: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/overview_victorians_01.shtml

Gallon, H. L. (2009, March 8). British Army during the Victorian Era. Retrieved October 24, 2013, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Army_during_the_Victorian_Era

History of the British Army. (2005, March 31). Retrieved October 30, 2013, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_British_Army

Hood, D. (1999). The British Victorian Army in 1854. Retrieved November 12, 2013, from Strategy Page: http://www.strategypage.com/articles/default.asp?target=BritVictArmy/BritishArmy1.htm

Hossen. (2005, December 20). Colonial navies of Australia. Retrieved October 30, 2013, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_navies_of_Australia

Indian Mutiny. (2005). Retrieved October 30, 2013, from Infoplease: http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/indian-mutiny-revolt.html

Indian Rebellion of 1857. (2001, November 5). Retrieved October 30, 2013, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Rebellion_of_1857

James. (2002, January 2). Victorian Era. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_era

Lambert, A. (2011, March 29). The Crimean War. Retrieved October 24, 2013, from BBC History: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/crimea_01.shtml

Landow, G. P. (2007, August 7). The 1857 Indian Mutiny (also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, the Great Mutiny, and the Revolt of 1857). Retrieved October 30, 2013, from The Victorian Web: http://www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/1857/1857.html

McErlean, S. (n.d.). Exhibiting Imperialism at the Great Exhibition . Retrieved November 12, 2013, from Victorian Visual Culture: http://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/SchoolofEnglish/visual-culture/exhibition/Exhibit-imperialism.html

Mntnapoet. (n.d.). What wars happened during the Victorian Era. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from Wiki Answers: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_wars_happened_during_the_Victorian_era#slide1

Muncey, C. (2002, March 30). Crimean War. Retrieved October 24, 2013, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimean_War

Snodgrass, C. (2003). A Chronicle of Some Victorian Events. Retrieved October 30, 2013, from http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/snod/vicagetimeline.html

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The Opium Wars. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2013, from Oracle Think Quest Education Foundation: http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/01291/Ritvik.html

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(n.t.). Retrieved October 29, 2013, from Victorian School: http://www.victorianschool.co.uk/documents/British_Empire_1897%20PD.jpg

Bibliography
The Thirteen Colonies
Queen Elizabeth II
The Commonwealth Games
Crimean War 1853-1856
The Crimean War was the only European war during the Victorian Era.
It was fought in eastern Europe by Russia against the Ottoman Empire allied with Great Britain, France, and the Kingdom of Sardina.
It began in a dispute over the holy places in Palestine.
Major battles included the battles of Balaklava, Inkerman, Malakhov, and Alma.
The Ottoman Empire and their allies won.
Result: the Treaty of Paris .
Indian Mutiny 1857-1858
Also known as the Indian Rebellions of 1857.
It started as an uprising against British rule and the expansion of the British East India Company in India.
The British threatened Indian culture and traditions by forcing Indians to convert to Christianity.
Result: The British East Indian Company was dissolved.
Opium Wars
1839-1842, 1856-1860
Two wars between Britain and China because the Chinese would not legalize opium.
British traded opium for Chinese tea, silk, and porcelain.
The Chinese lost both wars.
Result: the Treaty of Nanjing (surrendered Hong Kong to British) and the Treaty of Tianjin.
Political Conflicts
Religious Conflicts
Economic
Conflicts

Causes for wars are similar during the Victorian Era, today, and throughout History.
Robotic Warfare
Drone Warfare/ UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)
Modern Day Warfare Technology
Gattling Gun

Maxim Gun
Wars
English nurse (1840-1910)
saved the lives of many English soldiers during the Crimean War
established the Nightingale School and Home for training nurses at St. Thomas's Hospital, London in 1860
Britain was at war every year during every year of the Victorian era.
The industrial revolution changed military transport, equipment, and weapons.
Weapons during the Victorian era had lower accuracy, range, and rate of fire compared to weapons today.
Ongoing wars include:
War in Afghanistan
Iraqi Civil War
Syrian Civil War
British Empire
Largest empire in history
Included a quarter of the earth's territory and a quarter of the earth's population
1815-1914 was Britain’s Imperial Century.
Britain had formal control over its colonies, a dominant position in world trade, and could control the economies of other countries.

The Decline of the British Empire
Early 20th century
Reasons: Britain could not finance an empire, no longer had military and naval supremacy, competition with other countries
1949 was the decolonization of the British Empire
The Commonwealth of Nations includes:
UK
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
realms in Caribbean and Pacific
32 republics
5 countries with their own monarchies
Victorian Era Warfare Technology
Full transcript