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Victorian Era: British Empire and Wars
Transcript of Victorian Era: British Empire and Wars
"The sun never set on the British Empire."
The Great Exhibition of 1851
Koh-i-noor Diamond Display
A History of the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations. (n.d.). Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://cnrsociety.org/Empire_and_Commonwealth_History.pdf
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Corey, M., & Ochoa, G. (1996). The Encyclopedia of the Victorian World: a reader's companion to the people, places, events, and everyday life of the Victorian era. New York: Henry Holt and Company.
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(n.t.). Retrieved October 29, 2013, from Victorian School: http://www.victorianschool.co.uk/documents/British_Empire_1897%20PD.jpg
The Thirteen Colonies
Queen Elizabeth II
The Commonwealth Games
Crimean War 1853-1856
The Crimean War was the only European war during the Victorian Era.
It was fought in eastern Europe by Russia against the Ottoman Empire allied with Great Britain, France, and the Kingdom of Sardina.
It began in a dispute over the holy places in Palestine.
Major battles included the battles of Balaklava, Inkerman, Malakhov, and Alma.
The Ottoman Empire and their allies won.
Result: the Treaty of Paris .
Indian Mutiny 1857-1858
Also known as the Indian Rebellions of 1857.
It started as an uprising against British rule and the expansion of the British East India Company in India.
The British threatened Indian culture and traditions by forcing Indians to convert to Christianity.
Result: The British East Indian Company was dissolved.
Two wars between Britain and China because the Chinese would not legalize opium.
British traded opium for Chinese tea, silk, and porcelain.
The Chinese lost both wars.
Result: the Treaty of Nanjing (surrendered Hong Kong to British) and the Treaty of Tianjin.
Causes for wars are similar during the Victorian Era, today, and throughout History.
Drone Warfare/ UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)
Modern Day Warfare Technology
English nurse (1840-1910)
saved the lives of many English soldiers during the Crimean War
established the Nightingale School and Home for training nurses at St. Thomas's Hospital, London in 1860
Britain was at war every year during every year of the Victorian era.
The industrial revolution changed military transport, equipment, and weapons.
Weapons during the Victorian era had lower accuracy, range, and rate of fire compared to weapons today.
Ongoing wars include:
War in Afghanistan
Iraqi Civil War
Syrian Civil War
Largest empire in history
Included a quarter of the earth's territory and a quarter of the earth's population
1815-1914 was Britain’s Imperial Century.
Britain had formal control over its colonies, a dominant position in world trade, and could control the economies of other countries.
The Decline of the British Empire
Early 20th century
Reasons: Britain could not finance an empire, no longer had military and naval supremacy, competition with other countries
1949 was the decolonization of the British Empire
The Commonwealth of Nations includes:
realms in Caribbean and Pacific
5 countries with their own monarchies
Victorian Era Warfare Technology