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Transcript of RM-Lecture II
Quantitative vs Qualitative
SIX major differences between Quantitative and Qualitative Research
Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
1. Recent IMMIGRANTS to Canada tend to be less healthy and more of a burden on our health care system than Canadians born here. LARGELY TRUE/LARGELY FALSE?
What is the POINT of the QUIZ?
...plausibility and extracting themes or generalizations from evidence that presents a coherent, consistent picture.
...hypothesis tests based on probability
Data are in the form of words, images or symbols extracted from documents, observations, transcripts…
Data are in the form of numbers and graphs from precise measurement.
...usually created in an ad hoc way and are often situation-specific
...systematically created before data collection and are standardized.
Capture and discover meaning once the researcher becomes immersed in the data.
Test hypothesis that the researcher begins with.
Procedures are particular and replication is rare.
Procedures are standard and replication is assumed.
...in the form of concepts, themes, classification schemes, generalizations …
...in the form of distinct variables.
Steps in the Research Process (p. 11)
Deductive vs. Inductive
Which is better?
> Hypothesis > Observation > Confirmation
Observation > Pattern > Tentative Hypothesis >
Tips for Public Speaking
-Say it out loud
-Stop. Breathe. Slow down.
2. In investigating populations, DEMOGRAPHERS repeatedly find that one of the strongest correlates of birth rates is economic prosperity. When families can afford to have more children, they do. LARGELY TRUE/LARGELY FALSE?
3. HOMICIDE rates within countries throughout the world fall sharply following their participation in war. War brings unity to a population. Killing the enemy seems to exhaust the potential for homicide. LARGELY TRUE/LARGELY FALSE?
6. Most TERRORISTS are poor, have low education levels and were brought up very religious. LARGELY TRUE/LARGELY FALSE?
4. Montreal is so cold because it is so far NORTH. Compare its weather to Paris or London where it rarely snows.
LARGELY TRUE/LARGELY FALSE
5. When it comes to average household WEALTH, Judaism is the richest religion in the United States of America.
LARGELY TRUE/LARGELY FALSE?
ANSWERS TO THE QUIZ
Importance of empirical proof.
Always be skeptical.
Do not simply trust your common sense.
The Funding Competition (TFC)
What is it?
Competition for funding. Learn about different social sciences.
The Discipline Game
Philosophy / Religious Studies
More info in distributed documents
(5 max. per discipline)
Social Science Knowledge
Different ways of knowing
ROUND 1: Each group gets 5 minutes. + Judges may ask clarification questions.
ROUND 2: If desired, each group gets two minutes to argue for their project after having heard of the other groups' projects.
Quantitative & Qualitative Research:
Social Science Knowledge
Ex: Professional Athletes & Upbringing
2. UNITS OF ANALYSIS
Ex: Deaf student grades
ex: mentoring with youth in foster care
2011: 47 885 foster children in Canada
0.5% of all children <14 y.o.
62% of foster children < 14 y.o.
17 410 different foster homes w/ <14 y.o.
QUANTITATIVE: Mentoring youth in foster care
57% of these households with married couple
14% lone parent
Mentoring youth in foster care
Relationship Initiation Barriers
-Fear of negative outcomes
-Pressure to bond quickly
-Too much directive advice
-Limited cultural and/or demographic background understanding
+ unmet expectations)
Steps in the research process
7. Most National Basketball Association (NBA) players come from poor backgrounds.
TRUE OR FALSE?
8. It is cheaper to give HEROIN to addicts than to have them find some for themselves.
LARGELY TRUE or LARGELY FALSE
END of CLASS