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History of Ceramics with coiling activity steps

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April Smith

on 26 March 2013

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Transcript of History of Ceramics with coiling activity steps

Greece Rome History of Ceramics with Coiling activity Ancient Middle East Mesopotamia, Iran, Egypt England and America The Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries Coiling Coiling is done by rolling out coils of ropes of clay to a desired thickness, then building a form by attaching coild after coil of clay. Formation of Clay North and South America Origins of Pottery Clay derives from the disintegration of feldspathic minerals commonly found in granite. Feldspars are made up of alkaline elements in molecular combination with alumina and silica. As these rocks decompose they are broken down into smaller combinations of alumina and silica particles as the alkalies in the rock are slowly leached from the stone. Although early people were using crude stone tools in East Africa in the early Paleolithic period, as long as 2.6 million years ago, most of human cultural development has occurred much more recently, since the beginning of the Neolithic period after 10,000 B.C. China: Neolithic Period Clay bodies are what we call the mixture of different types of clay and other materials that are blended to make a workable clay. The firing temperatures of naturally occurring clays have lead to the descriptive term low-fire (for earthenware temperature clay and glazes) and high-fire (for stoneware and porcelain clays and their glazes). Kaolin is a very pure form of clay that is white in color and vitrifies (becomes nonporous and glass-like) ony at very high temperatures. Glaze is a liquid suspension of ground minerals applied to fired ceramic ware. Slip clay naturally contains sufficient fluxes to function as glazes with further addition. the first pottery Neolithic families gathered wild and cultivated seeds and stored them in tightly woven baskets. Often the baskets were coated on the inside with clay to form a more effective container. Because the oldest posts in most Neolithic cultures have a basket-like or corded texture, many scholars have speculated that pottery making was first discovered by the accidental burning of a basket and the subsequent hardening of its clay lining. Technology and the Evolution of Pottery: development of form and decoration The Far East has long ceramic tradition, dominated by China. The oldest known pottery, Japanese Jamon ware, dates prior to 10,000 B.C. Ware discovered in north Thailand is thought to have been made as early as 7000 B.C. In China itself the earliest known pottery fragments date from before 4500 B.C. Shang Dynasty Chou and Chin Dynasty Japan Haniwa Period The Americas:
Mesoamerica=
Olmec and Maya Northern Mexico, Chihuahua and Mochica Africa Europe ( Renaissance) Present 1. Step 2 Step 3
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