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Renee Bachman

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Trees

Trees Gymnosperms These plants do not have flowers as commonly accepted. They produce seeds on a scale of a cone. Most are evergreen with needle-like, linear, or scale-like leaves. Pine Family
Pinaceae Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus
A tall upland tree
*needles are thin
*2-4 inches long
*bundles of 5
(w-h-i-t-e) Eastern Hemlock (60-70 feet
*silvery foliage
*small needles
*perfect tiny cones White Spruce Picea glauca
*large coniferous evergreen
50-100 feet tall
bark thin scaly-flakes off
in circular plates Angiosperms These are true flowering plants which produce seeds within a fruit. Conifers Hardwoods Maple family
Aceraceae Red Maple Acer rubrum

*very common in eastern U.S.
* reaches about 50 ft.
*flowers, twigs and seeds are all red
*Fall leaves are a brilliant scarlet
*known as Swamp Maple
*Leaves are light green and the underside is whitish.
*The leaf stalks are usually red and are up to 10 cm (3.9 in) long.
*3-5 lobes
*2-4 inches long and wide Deciduous Sugar Maple Acer saccharum

*native to northeastern forest of North America
*82-115 ft high
*known for bright fall foliage and primary source of maple sugar
*leaves 7.9 inches long andwide
*5 palmate lobes
*The fruit is a double samara with two winged seeds, Chinese Maple Pea Family Robinia pseudoacacia
* sub family Faboideae
* Black Locust Fabaceae Acer palmatum
*15-25 ft tall
*introduced species
*used mainly in landscaping
*leaves are 4-12 cm long
*lobed with five, seven, or nine
acutely pointed lobes
*The fruit is a pair of winged samaras The Beech Family
Fagaceae Pin Oak Quercus palustris
* Oaks-Quercus
sub group of Fagaceae White Oak Norway Maple Beech Tree Norway Spruce Picea abies
*Non-native, invasive species The Magnolia Family
Magnoliaceae Saucer Magnolia
* Tulip Tree Liriodendron
*Tuliptree is the tallest tree of eastern forests
*straightest trunks,
*over 100 feet tall with 4 foot diameters, Red Oak Quercus Rubra
* Star Magnolia
*Magnolia stellata
*15 to 20 ft) in height Fragus
*sparsely toothed leaves
*5–15 cm long and 4–10 cm broad The Willow Family
Salicaceas Weeping Willow
*Salix babylonica
*30-50 ft. high
*branchlettes hang vertically
*narrow leaves
*old world tree (China) Balsam Poplar
*Populus balsamifera
*75-100 ft high
*shiny dark green leaves
alternate, oval to wedge shaped, and finely serrated
*long pale yellow green catkins, The bark is smooth, yellowish-grey on younger trees,
but bark grows thick and deeply grooved with age. The Walnut Family
*Juglandaceae: Black Walnut
Juglans nigra
*rapidly growing
*up to 70 ft high
*Compound leaves
*7-17 leaflets
*buds are wooly
*Edible nuts Shagbark Hickory
Carya ovata
*common hickory in the east
*compound leaves are broad and flat
*5 to 7 leaflets, terminal 3 are much larger
*bark is shaggy
*edible nuts Young tree mature tree The Basswood Family
Tiliaceae American Basswood
Tilia americana
*native to New England
*heart shaped toothed leaves
*snall nutlets
*buds are green to bright red
with 2-3 visible scales
*inner bark can be twisted into cord
*Yellow bellied woodpeckers love this tree Dawn Redwood
*non-native (China)
*200 ft high Boxelder Ash
Acer negundo
*Called Ashleaf Maple
*33–82 ft. tall
*often has several trunks
*compound leaves 3-7 leaflets
(2-4 inches long)
seeds are paired samaras
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