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American Imperialism: Hawaii
Transcript of American Imperialism: Hawaii
Tiffaney Anderson American Imperialism: Hawaii Increased Military Strength Cultural Superiority Global Competition New Markets and Economic Expansion American Business Owners Dole Company Annexation Pearl Harbor Annex: To incorporate (territory) into the domain of a city, country, or state America's annexation of Hawaii extended U.S. territory into the Pacific and resulted from economic integration and the rise of the United States as a Pacific power Merze Tate. The United States and the Hawai'ian Kingdom: A Political History (New Haven, 1965). 1897: President Harrison submitted a treaty to annex the Hawaiian islands to the U.S. Senate for ratification The treaty effort was blocked when the Hawaiian Patriotic League petitioned the U.S. Congress in opposition of the treaty Schamel, Wynell and Charles E. Schamel. "The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii." Social Education 63, 7 (November/December 1999): 402-408. 1898: The United States felt establishing a mid-Pacific fueling station and naval base was imperative for the Spanish American War 1893: The last Hawaiian monarch Queen Liliuokalani, was overthrown in a rebellion known as the "Hawaii Revolution" The uprising was under the leadership of Sanford B. Dole and other influential American businessmen that wanted to institute a provisional government
The Hawaii Revolution began the transfer of sovereignty for the territory to the United States and was the first step in Hawaii's road to statehood in 1959. "Hawaii Revolution." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 3 Feb. 2013. By creating a revolt Dole advocated the westernization of Hawaiian government/culture and it wasn't until 1899 that his cousin James Dole came to Hawaii to help found the Dole Food Company On Sunday, December 7, 1941 Japanese fighter pilots attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This surprise attack provoked the United States to end its neutral stance on World War II and join with Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. Pearl Harbor was the worst naval disaster in U.S. history, with more than 2,000 casualties, dozens of aircraft destroyed, and 21 ships destroyed.
"Pearl Harbor." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 3 Feb. 2013. The realization that America could be harmed brought citizens closer together, uniting them to support their government and eventually get out of the Great Depression. American business owners often chose Hawaii for many different commercial and financial reasons including:
Increasing access to a crucial resource such as sugar cane, citrus fruits, and other natural amenities.
Production of raw materials at reduced costs, all of which led to prosperity and booming economies.
The scenery, climate, and valuable crops of the islands attracted the attention of investors.
American businessmen had the majority of control on the Hawaiian islands.
Hawaii was also a convenient stopping-off place for ships bound for China and Japan (foreign exports and trade). . "Imperialism and War: American Foreign Affairs 1865-1920." Academic American History. Academic American Home, 23 Jun 2010. Web. 3 Feb 2013. The United States wanted Hawaii for the trading opportunities. Along the way, they acquired new businesses like the Dole Company, known for it's pineapple. This helped economic growth which led to imperialism. Gaining Hawaii would expand the military outside the U.S. borders. The islands would give them more access to the naval base, Pearl Harbor, providing them with more protection. Trask, Haunani-Kay, From a Native Daughter: Colonialism and Sovereignty in Hawaii, (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993), 7 When the Americans decided that they were going to take over the islands, they took small steps to slowly weaken the Hawaiian culture and government. First, the Americans sent missionaries to the Hawaiian islands to civilize the already prospering land. Next, the Americans got rid of the Hawaiian culture and substituted in the American culture. Citations: When Hawaiian plantations began producing on a large scale, especially items like sugar cane, they needed a labor force to be imported. This dramatically changed Hawaii's demographics (distribution) and is a major example of globalization.