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1º ESO, Topic 9, Greece
Transcript of 1º ESO, Topic 9, Greece
They were not an Empire, just a group of cities-states called Polis
The Polis shared language, religion and culture
Only during the Hellenistic Period, the Polis set up an Empire
2.- WHAT WAS THE HISTORY OF THE GREEKS! Athens was the main Polis
Athens acquired the leadership during the Persian Wars but was defeated by Sparta in the Peloponesian War
Athens was a "democratic" Polis
Athens dominated Greek culture in 5th century BC: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euripides, Sophocles, Aeschylus, Phidias...
3.- WHY WAS ATHENS THE MAIN POLIS 4.- WHO DID THE GREEKS FIGHT AGAINST Agora and Acropolis
Unequal society: metics, slaves, women...
1.- WHAT WAS LIFE IN ATHENS LIKE? Polytheistic religion
2.- WHAT WERE THE RITUALS AND BELIEFS OF ANCIENT GREECE 3.- HOW DID DAILY LIFE CHANGE IN THE HELLENISTIC AGE? There were an expansion of Greek culture
Greek became the official language
Development of Cities
New types of buildings: theatre, gymnasium, museum, gardens...
4.- WHAT WAS GREEK ART LIKE? Temples:
Proportion and harmony
Made of stone
No vaults and archs
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian Sculpture:
Beauty, propmovementortion and harmony
Stone and bronze
Archaid Age: Static
Classical Age: Movement
Hellenistic Age: Feelings