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1º ESO, Topic 9, Greece

1º ESO, Topic 9, Greece
by

IES Castilla

on 9 May 2016

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Transcript of 1º ESO, Topic 9, Greece

TOPIC 8: GREEK CIVILIZATION 1.- WHAT TERRITORIES DID THE GREEK WORLD CONSIST OF? Location: current Greece, south Italy, Turkish coast and in colonies
They were not an Empire, just a group of cities-states called Polis
The Polis shared language, religion and culture
Only during the Hellenistic Period, the Polis set up an Empire

2.- WHAT WAS THE HISTORY OF THE GREEKS! Athens was the main Polis
Athens acquired the leadership during the Persian Wars but was defeated by Sparta in the Peloponesian War
Athens was a "democratic" Polis
Athens dominated Greek culture in 5th century BC: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euripides, Sophocles, Aeschylus, Phidias...



3.- WHY WAS ATHENS THE MAIN POLIS 4.- WHO DID THE GREEKS FIGHT AGAINST Agora and Acropolis
Unequal society: metics, slaves, women...
1.- WHAT WAS LIFE IN ATHENS LIKE? Polytheistic religion
Heroes
Myths
Omens
Oracles
Sanctuaries


2.- WHAT WERE THE RITUALS AND BELIEFS OF ANCIENT GREECE 3.- HOW DID DAILY LIFE CHANGE IN THE HELLENISTIC AGE? There were an expansion of Greek culture
Greek became the official language
Cultural fusion
Scientific advances
Development of Cities
New types of buildings: theatre, gymnasium, museum, gardens...

4.- WHAT WAS GREEK ART LIKE? Temples:

Proportion and harmony
Human sized
Made of stone
No vaults and archs
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian Sculpture:

Religious function
Beauty, propmovementortion and harmony
Human body
Stone and bronze
Archaid Age: Static
Classical Age: Movement
Hellenistic Age: Feelings
Full transcript