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Africa

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by

Ingrid Bakke

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of Africa

Africa at a Glance
Instruments
Music in Ghana
African Music
Drumming in Ghana
Ghana!
Mbira
-Zimbabwe
-Over 1,000 years old: played for religious ceremonies, royalty, and social occasions
-Believed that it "telephones the spirits"
-about 20 metal keys; plucked with
the thumb and fingers
-usually played inside a carved out
gourd to make it louder
Africa
Call and Response:
When a melody is stated and quickly followed by another melody. "Question and Answer"
-Usually the first melody is a solo and the second is a group.

Rote:
To learn by ear. Listen and watch first, then play, and practice.
Traditions/Culture
53 countries
over 1,000 languages spoken
Central East Africa is widely excepted as the origin of humans
-North: desert-like
-South: jungles and plains
Made up of many modern cities as well as villages outside of the city that follow traditional lifestyles

Africa!
Built from a large gourd and covered with cow skin
Strings are put on, resembling a harp
Kora
Played by storytellers and historians. The skills are
passed on to descendents
-Three parts: Bass, melody, and improvisation
Made from a large gourd (called a calabash)
Woven beads covering the gourd
Most common in Nigeria and West Africa
Shekere /Axatse
D’jembe: “Everyone gather together in peace”

A drum that is tuned with ropes and made from animal skin. Originated in Africa. Used to create a common activity: community-building
West Africa
-Ewe Tribe in the Volta
region of Ghana
Purpose:
In Ghana, music is a part of every day life. It can be heard all throughout the day (and sometimes night!).
-Religious traditions "Ceremony of the Gods"
-Social celebrations
-To tell stories: history (wars)
Music is always a combination of dance, song, and drumming.


Music is not written down in Africa. Everything is learned by ear. This is called
rote.
Musical traditions are passed down through families and their villages. Each region has its own traditions.
There are many drums in a Ghanaian ensemble. The lead drum, or Atsimevu, controls the length, tempo, and order of every song. If you don't listen to the lead drum, you will mess up the entire song!

Full transcript