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Varicose veins

J.Cruz
by

Incarnation Catholic

on 24 March 2015

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Transcript of Varicose veins

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varicose veins
Varicose veins are veins that have become enlarged and twisted. What is a varicose vein, anyway? It's a vein that has become stretched and swollen with blood. The common age of getting varicose veins is 19 and up. Varicose veins are most common in the superficial veins of the legs, which are subject to high pressure when standing.
What causes varicose veins
Arteries carry blood from your heart to the rest of your tissues. Veins return blood from the rest of your body to your heart, so the blood can be recirculated. To return blood to your heart, the veins in your legs must work against gravity. Muscle contractions in your lower legs act as pumps, and elastic vein walls help blood return to your heart. Tiny valves in your veins open as blood flows toward your heart then close to stop blood from flowing backward.
Other names for varicose veins
The scientific name is varicose veins. Another name is Spider veins. People mistaken varicose veins with Deep vein thrombosis. Also people still call them today varicose veins.
How many people are affected.
As many as 40 million Americans, most of them women, have varicose veins. Web MD
An estimated 30% to 60% of adults have varicose veins or spider vein.
Symptoms
Varicose veins usually don't cause any pain. Signs you may have varicose veins include:

Veins that are dark purple or blue in color
Veins that appear twisted and bulging; often like cords on your legs

When painful signs and symptoms occur, they may include:

An achy or heavy feeling in your legs
Burning, throbbing, muscle cramping and swelling in your lower legs
Worsened pain after sitting or standing for a long time
Itching around one or more of your veins
Skin ulcers near your ankle, which can mean you have a serious form of vascular disease that requires medical attention

Varicose veins
Who does it effect
Varicose veins affect about a third of the adult population, and men and women are affected in the same proportion. They often appear first between the ages of 30 and 40, but can also occur in teenagers. Generally as we get older the veins become more prominent, partly because varicose veins get worse with time. They also tend to become more prominent in women after pregnancy.
Treatments for varicose veins

These are just some ways to get rid of varicos veins.
Sclerotherapyse . In this procedure, your doctor injects small- and medium-sized varicose veins with a solution that scars and closes those veins. In a few weeks, treated varicose veins should fade. Although the same vein may need to be injected more than once, sclerotherapy is effective if done correctly. Sclerotherapy doesn't require anesthesia and can be done in your doctor's office.
Laser surgeries. Doctors are using new technology in laser treatments to close off smaller varicose veins and spider veins. Laser surgery works by sending strong bursts of light onto the vein, which makes the vein slowly fade and disappear. No incisions or needles are used.

Success of treatment
You may want to inquire about treatment costs, as well. Many insurance policies don't cover the expense of elective cosmetic surgery for varicose veins. However, in many cases if you have signs or symptoms, such as swelling and bleeding, insurance may cover the treatment.

Current treatments for varicose veins and spider veins are effective. However, it's possible that varicose veins can recur.
Preventions
Preventing Spider/Varicose Veins. Getting plenty of exercise is the best way to ward off spider veins and varicose veins. Exercise helps keep your weight under control and your leg muscles toned, so your blood will flow freely. If your job keeps you on your feet, stretch your leg muscles often to increase circulation.
Sources
http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/ss/slideshow-spider-varicose-veins
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicose-veins/basics/definition/con-20043474
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varicose_veins
http://kidshealth.org/kid/grownup/getting_older/varicose_veins.html
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