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The American Revolution
Transcript of The American Revolution
What were the most important events leading up to the Revolutionary War and why?
My topic of study was based off of the main events that led up to the American Revolution. I chose this topic so that I could better understand the tensions, and even more importantly, the causes of this historical conflict. I conducted my investigation using a book on the Boston Tea Party along with the
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Tea party happened after King George refrained from removing the tax on tea and then gave the British East India Company a monopoly on tea in the colonies. During the night on December 16, 1773 the colonists unloaded the tea, into the harbor. This may have felt like a victory to the colonists untilthe punishment came. The British cut off the harbor and restricted goos from going into it. The first major defiance of British rule had extreme consequences.
The Boston Tea Party
The British was informed that the colonists were stockpiling guns and gunpowder in a town called Concord, and they decided to act. On April 18, 1775 General Gage from the British army led 700 troops on their way to seize the supplies from Concord. The colonists were alerted by their own spies and a small group of minutemen with Captain John Parker formed in Lexington. A shot rang out and the British fired. The colonists fled. On their way back from Concord, the British were found by another group of minutemen. Here is where the British lost, and that showed the colonists that there is a chance for them.
Battles at Lexington an Concord
Common Sense was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine and published in January 1776. This pamphlet was written to urge some colonists toward the thought that separation, or independence, from Britain is Common Sense. It had a huge impact and seemed to have hit a nerve and hundreds of thousands of copies were made. This was an important event on the road to independence.
The Declaration of Independence
I can conclude from all of this information that these events were crucial to the Revolutionary War and of our independence. I learned that it was not just the Declaration of Independence that began the war but a combination of many events and bloodshed. The only question I still have is "What could have been done to prevent the war but still grant the US its independence?" Next time I do an investigation like this I will do more research with more sources.
The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770. It was started when a crowd of colonists began to harass a British soldier who was guarding the Customs House in the city of Boston. He called for backup and soon there were eight British soldiers against hundreds of colonists that were throwing rocks, ice, and wielding clubs. One of the soldiers fell and a gun went off, scaring the colonists and putting the British into the position of shooting their guns. five colonists died and ten were injured. Samuel Adams used this opportunity to stir anti-British feelings and called the event a "massacre," which is why this event is called what it is called today.
The Proclamation of 1763
This was the first major hint of tyranny that England seemed to show toward the colonists. To keep the colonists from having conflict with the Natives after the French and Indian War, the king made a line at the crest of the Appalachian Mountains and told the colonists to stay east of it. The colonists tried to tell the British that many of them were already east of the mountains but Parliament didn't listen. To keep the colonists from protesting much the British government expanded the military force in the colonies to 7,500 men.
The Declaration of Independence was a document drafted by Thomas Jefferson that officially declared The colonies' separation and independence from Britain. It was officially finished on July 4, 1776 and most all of the major battles came after this. It was truly the kick start of the revolution.
Alavosus, Laura, et al. History Alive! The United States Through Industrialism. Madison: Webcrafters Inc., 2011. Textbook.
Stein, R. Conrad. The Boston Tea Party. New York: Children's Press. 1996. Book.