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The Scientific Revolution

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Joshua Johnson

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of The Scientific Revolution

Welcome Back 3-12-13
Please clear your desks. You will take a quiz (22.1) shortly.
Interact with History
Protected Reading/Responding
Why do people rebel?
Welcome Back 3/15/13
Enlightenment and Revolution
Chapter 22
Read the Interact w/ History handout and answer the associated questions
Today's Agenda 3/11/14
The Scientific Revolution
In the mid-1500s, scientists began to question accepted beliefs and make new theories based on
The Roots of Modern Science
How did people decide what was true/false?
Ancient Greek/Roman author or to the Bible
The Medieval View
earth was an unmoving object located at the center of the universe
moon/sun/planets moved in PERFECT circular orbits
geocentric theory
Modern Science
Scientific Revolution
A New Way of Thinking
What caused this transition?
Muslim scholars translated ancient works/added to body of science
Scholars uncovered many classical manuscripts (contradictions)
Printing Press
Exploration leads to new discovery/expanded research
A Revolutionary Model of the Universe
Nicolas Copernicus
sun=center...delays publication

Johannes Kepler (planets movement=elliptical)
Galileo’s Discoveries
Begins to read/challenge Aristotle
Begins astronomical work with aid of telescope
"Starry Messenger" challenges many ancient assumptions about the heavens
Conflict with the Church
frightened both Catholic and Protestant leaders
Church warned Galileo
1632 "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems"
"With sincere heart and unpretended faith I abjure, curse, and detest the aforesaid errors and heresies [of Copernicus] and also every other error. . . contrary to the Holy Church, and I swear that in the future I will never again say or assert . . . anything that might cause a similar suspicion toward me"-
Galileo Galileo
Francis Bacon
knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience
René Descartes
Emphasis of math/logic
believed that everything should be doubted until proved by reason.
Issac Newton
same force ruled the motions of the planets, the pendulum, and all matter on earth and in space.
every object in the universe attracts every other object. The degree of attraction depends on the mass of
the objects and the distance between them.
New instruments
1) Interact with History
2) Lecture- The Scientific Revolution
3) Acrostic Poem "SCIENCE"
HW=READ 22.1
Welcome Back 3-11-13
Nicolas Copernicus
Viewing Questions
1) What did Galileo discover?
2) How did The Church respond and why?
Viewing Questions:

What contributions to science to Thomas Willis make?
Exit 3-8-13
The Enlightenment in Europe
A revolution in intellectual activity changed Europeans’ view of government and society.
successes of Scientific Revolution
People began to look for laws governing
human behavior
Goal/Purpose of the Enlightenment
and the s
cientificfic method
aspects of society
government, religion, economics, and education
"Age of Reason"
A cultural movement in the 17th and 18th century
Two views of government
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Hobbes’s Social Contract
Leviathan (1651)
From your perspective
Do you consider humans inherently good or evil?
Get with your 4 o'clock partner
Do you think humans are inherently good or evil? Be sure to EXPLAIN YOURSELF
English Civil War
all humans were naturally selfish and wicked
government necessary to keep order
w/o gov “war of every man against every man.”
In order to prevent this state of life
people should give up some of their rights to a strong ruler
Locke’s Natural Rights
believed people to be reasonable
people can govern themselves
all people are born free and equal and w/rights
life, liberty and property
gov's job is to protect rights
people have a right to overthrow ruler
The Philosophes Advocate Reason
social critics
1)truth through reason or logical thinking
2) natural laws of economics and politic
3) natural laws of economics and politic
4) society and humankind could be perfected
5) liberty
Should we tolerate intolerance?
Montesquieu and the Separation of Powers
separation of powers or checks and balances
keep any individual or group from gaining total control of the government
U.S. Constitution
1) What conclusions can you draw about Rousseau’s ideas from the quote?
Interpreting Quotes
Beccaria Promotes Criminal Justice
abolish the death penalty
Women and the Enlightenment
A Serious Proposal to the Ladies (1694)
lack of educational opportunities
unequal relationship between men and women in marriage
“If all men are born free, how is it that all women are born slaves?”
Primary Source Analysis
Read the primary source and answer the associated discussion questions
Impact of the Enlightenment
1) Belief in Progress
2) A More Secular Outlook
3) Importance of the Individual
Today's Agenda 3-12-13
1) 22.1 Quiz
2) Lecture- The Enlightenment
3) Primary Source Analysis
4) The Politics of Death Row
HW= Read 22.2 (Quiz)
Are there any circumstances under which we should allow torture?
Independent writing
Should the death penalty be banned?
Do you support the death penalty?
Respond in a well-developed paragraph
Mary Wollstonecraft
Today's Agenda 3-13-13
1) Finish 22.2 Notes
2) "Getting Waterboarded"
HW= Read 22.2(quiz)
Today's Agenda 3/15/13
1) Rebel?
2) The American Revolution
3) "Common Sense"
4) Back-to-the-Board
5) Study Guides/PRs
Britain and Its American Colonies
still British subjects and were expected to obey British law
The 13 Colonies
In 1660's pass Navigation Acts
you can only sell to Britain
taxes on imported goods
colonists found ways to get around these laws
colonial trade very profitable
Develop independent governments
French and Indian War (1763)
Britain increasing its control over 13 colonies
American Revolution
The French and Indian War costs
Britain expects the colonists to pay
Sugar Act 1764
Colonists boycott
Stamp Act repealed in 1766
BUT pass Declaratory Act
gives Britain right to make laves "in all cases"
The Boston Massacre 1770
1) Describe what you see?
2) What is the artist attempting to make you feel?
3) What is the purpose of the drawing?
Viewing questions
1) Describe the events taking place
2) How does Paul Revere depict the "Boston Massacre"
3) How does this event contribute to the American Revolution?
The Boston Tea Party
British Response
Pass the "intolerable acts"
1) Describe the action taking place in the cartoon
2) What is the message of the cartoon?
3) Who would support the cartoon's message?
The American Revolution
Full transcript