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Nationalism in 19th Century Music

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Elizabeth Braun

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of Nationalism in 19th Century Music

Bedrich Smetana
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Antonin Dvorak
Nationalism in 19th Century Music and the Funny Thing About Brahms
Johannes Brahms
See detailed entry regarding "The Moldau" on Blackboard.
Became interested in Native American
and African American music
Nationalism: What Led to It and How Did It Present Itself?
French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars (late 18th - early 19th centuries) aroused citizens to feel 'national identity' in resistance to invasion
Unification of lands that were previously smaller states (e.g., Germany and Italy) and revolts in countries under foreign rule (e.g., Poland and Bohemia)
Return of the national languages (i.e., the languages native to the land rather than that of the occupiers) in texts, papers, and documents
"The 'national spirit' was felt to reside in the 'folk'" and composers used folk songs and dances. history, legends and landscapes as inspiration for their music.
This trait could even be found in the U.S. in the music of Gottschalk and MacDowell whose music was influenced by African American, Cuban, Puerto Rican, and Native American melodies.
"Discovered" by Brahms.
Came to NYC in 1892 (stayed for 3 years)
Spent summer in Czech enclave in Spillville, IA
Symphony No. 9
written in U.S.
Known as
New World
Symphony
Uses syncopation and pentatonic scales
For more history about Dvorak's stay in the U.S. and the influence of African American music, go to: http://www.dvoraknyc.org/African_American_Influences.html
Came to music late in life (age 21) but excelled quickly
Married to conceal homosexuality; attempted suicide; had a nervous breakdown
Had a wealthy (female) benefactor for many years which enabled him to compose
Especially known for Symphonies 4, 5, and 6; Violin Concerto; 1812 Overture; String Serenade; and ballet music - Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, Nutcracker
Romeo and Juliet
(
overture-fantasy
) 'musically captures...emotions of Shakespeare's play without defining characters.'
Friar Laurence
The sword fighting between families
'The tender love theme'
Met and started hanging out with the Schumann's at age 20
Befriended and generous to a young Dvorak
Wrote 4 beautiful symphonies, concertos, choral music, hundreds of songs
Expert on the music of Bach, Handel and Mozart
His music is known to be very lyrical
There is a distinctive richness to his sound created through a unique blend of tone colors
He used exciting rhythms and syncopation
Rooted in the classical tradition
When Hungarian refugees arrived in Hamburg, Brahms became very interested in their music and later incorporated it into many of his pieces. In fact, he was arguably the best "Hungarian" composer of his day - despite the fact that he is German!
Characteristics
Dave Matthews and Carlos Santana ripped off a theme from Brahms
Symphony No. 3 - 3rd mvt
for their tune "
Love of My Life
"
Full transcript