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Age of Exploration

Mrs. Huckeba World History

Celaina Huckeba

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Age of Exploration

Age of Exploration Exploration and Expansion Between 1500 and 1800 Europeans began to explore the world. They all wanted to trade with Asia. But why go by Sea? Why not by land? The Ottoman Turks stopped their ability to travel by land to Asia. Portuguese Trading Empire Portugal took the lead in exploration. In 1420, Prince Henry the Navigator sponsored fleets that sailed along the western coast of Africa. GOD GLORY GOLD They found gold, thus they labeled it the "Gold Coast." In 1488, Bartholomeu Dias rounded the tip of Africa, looking for a route to India. Vasco da Gama made it to the port of Calcutta in India in 1498. Portuguese took control of the spice trade from the Muslims by force. They made trips to China and the Spice Islands. They made an economic deal with Spice Islands to purchase and export cloves. Previously, the Arabs had a monolopy on the trading of cloves (used for preserving and flavoring food). 1420 1498 1487 Spanish Trading Empire The Portuguese Sailed EAST! The Spanish sailed WEST! Columbus (Italian) was convinced the circumference of the Earth was not as big as thought. Thought he could reach Asia by sailing West. Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain financed Columbus and he sailed to the coastline of Cuba and Hispaniola (today Haiti/Dominican Republic) in 1492. Columbus thought he had reached Asia. In his 4 voyages, he explored many Caribbean islands and even Honduras. He called all of them the Indies. Competing Empires Both Spain and Portugal feared the other would claim their 'discovered' territories. West of the Line belonged to SPAIN East of the line belonged to Portugal John Cabot explored the New England Coastline for England. Amerigo Vespucci went on several voyages and described what he saw. His descriptions led to the name America for the new lands. Europeans called this area the New World...But this area had civilizations for centuries before the Europeans arrived. Spanish conquerors of the Americas were called conquistadors. Hernan Cortes--conquered the Aztec empire in Mexico in 1519. Brought down the Aztec emperor Moctezuma with superior weapons (guns), horses and disease. Francisco Pizarro conquered the Incan empire in Peru in 1522. The lives of Native Americans (called Indians) changed drastically under the conquistadors. They were forced to work. They were starved. They suffered from disease. European diseases destroyed the native populations (they had no immunity to smallpox). Population: 250,000 in 1492 Population: 500 in 1538 The exchange of plants and animals between Europe and the Americas is called the Columbian Exchange. Triangular Trade More Explorers 1513-de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama to discover the Pacific Ocean. 1519 to 1521-Magellan expedition sails from Spain.First to circumnaviage the globe. New France--territory stretched along the Mississippi River from Quebec in the North to Louisiana on the Gulf of Mexico. English built their first colony at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. By late 1700s, English had 13 colonies. Dutch, Portuguese and Spanish all had colonies in the New World. Began in the 1500s to fill the need for labor (workers, mainly for the plantations) in the New World. Warring African nations traded their captives for weapons. First Leg: goods to Africa in exchange for slaves Second leg (Middle Passage): African slaves taken to New World to work on plantations. Exchanged for molasses, tobacco, and sugar. Third Leg: products shipped to Europe. Scientific Revolution Quizlet Flashcards :)
http://quizlet.com/3296147/scientific-revolution-people-flash-cards/ Reasons for exploration #1: Reasons for exploration #2: Reason for exploration #3: Columbian Exchange and Triangular Trade
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