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oil palm project proposal

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Tong Joanne

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of oil palm project proposal

MON 1800 Final Presentation Oil palm plantation project design:
From monoculture to polyculture conclusion Animals in the plantation -the overall biodiversity still fall short of those in contiguous forest
-it at least help increase biodiversity although feasibility is very uncertain
-much more research in terms of biodiversity regarding oil palm plantation is greatly needed
-tried our best to increase sustainability in the plantation. Palm oil -Consumed as natural food for more than 5,000 yrs
-Originated in West Guinea, then introduced to other parts of Africa, South East Asia & Latin during the 15th century Project Proposal abiotic factors
animals Abiotic factors:

Soil fertility
Soil loss
Sunlight WATER * Optimize utilization of rainwater and freshwater from streams
* Wet season: Tanks/catchment with polypipes to discharge
excess water
* Droughts: closed tanks, drip irrigation

Soil fertility * EFP return to soil to recycle nutrients and organic
* Felled trunks and fronds - immediate ground cover =

Soil loss * Stack pruned fronds and EFB along contours
* Replanting: windrow old tree trunks along contours
* No heavy machinery
* Climate + rainfall patterns + soil type + slope

Sunlight * Malaysia is blessed with plenty of sunlight! Reference Yong H.S (ed), 1998, 'Animals', The Encyclopedia of Malaysia, vol. 3, Archipeligo Press, Kuala Lumpur.
Seopadmo E (ed), 1998, 'Plants', The Encyclopedia of Malaysia, vol. 2, Archipeligo Press, Kuala Lumpur. History Introduced to Malaysia at 1870
Large commercial cultivation only began in the 1990's
World Largest listed oil palm plantation player
We're the 2nd Largest Producer Causes Change in Land use destroys habitats
Fragmentation and Isolation
Habitat Fragmentation. Biodiversity Essentialfor sustenace of life on Earth
Supplies us with many G&S Arthropods Improving Soil fertility



Pest Control Primarily
Anthropods Birds
and frogs Birds Pollinators
Pest Control Plants epiphytes shade tolerant plants what is it? -A type of plant that grows upon another plant or other object
-Non parasitic plant
-Derives moisture through air and rain Types of epiphytes non vascular vascular mosses liverworts
lichen cacti
bromeliads Benefits Drawback Drawbacks and benefits -Fast growing
-medicinal properties
-Provide a cooler microclimate
-Can be easily removed or added to trees
-Well adapted to harsh conditions of the canopy
-Increase competition with weeds
-WOULD potentially increase diversity and abundance of arthropods and birds -May damage the host
N-eeds lots of moisture from air
-The structure of the oil palm tree may not ideal

Shade tolerant plants legume shrubs medicinal plants Prevent soil erosion
Improve soil structure/composition-Provide humus
-Provide nitrogen
-Control weeds Benefits Benefits -alternative commodity to be sold Drawback and benefits of the proposed project economic social environment -maintain genetic diversity
-reduce risks to health and environment
-sustainable agriculture
enhance soil fertility Benefits positive externalities
-bring more beneficial income -create job opportunities
-increase the living standard Drawbacks environment economic social -forest fragmentation
-impact water quality
-usage of pesticides -high maintenance cost
-require additional labor and cost
-require extra training -risks to human health
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