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Copy of IN SUNNY SPAIN
Transcript of Copy of IN SUNNY SPAIN
In Sunny Spain (1882-1885) To observed keenly the life and culture, languages and customs, industries and commerce, and governments and laws of the European nations in order to prepare himself in the mighty task of liberating his people from Spanish tyranny. Rizal's Secret Mission Paciano (his older brother)
Antonio Rivera (his uncle)
Neneng & Lucia (his sisters)
Valenzuela Family (Capitan Juan,
Capitana Sanday & Orang)
Pedro A. Paterno
Mateo Evangelista (his compadre)
the Ateneo Jesuit priests
and some friends including Chengoy Secret Departure for Spain The Jesuit priest gave him a letter of recommendation to the members of their society in Barcelona.
Rizal used Jose Mercado as his passport name. May 3, 1882 - Rizal departed on board the Spanish steamer "Salvadora" bound for Singapore. Singapore There were 16 passengers on board and
he was the only Filipino. My country, my love, my people,
I leave you now, you disappear,
I lose sight of you. May 9, 1882- they arrive at
Singapore. He registered and
spent two nights in Hotel
De La Paz. From Singapore to Colombo May 11, 1882- Rizal transferred to another ship,
Djemnah a French steamer and left Singapore May 17, 1882- the Djemnah reach point Galle a seacoast town in southern Ceylon (Sri Lanka) First Trip Through Suez Canal For the first time, Rizal sighted the barren coast of Africa, which he called an “inhospitable land but famous.” Aden- Rizal next stop over. he was amused to see the camels, for it was the first time he saw these animals. Naples and Marseilles JUNE 11– Rizal reached Naples, an Italian city.
Rizal was fascinated by Mount Vesuvius and Castle of St. Telmo.
He visited CHATEAU d’LF, where Dantes, hero of the Count of Monte Cristo was imprisoned. Rizal stayed here for 2½ days. Barcelona June 16, 1882– he reached Barcelona; the greatest city of CATALUÑA and Spain’s 2nd largest city. The Filipinos in Barcelona welcomed Rizal. They gave him a party at cafe in Plaza de Cataluña. "Amor Patrio" Rizal wrote a nationalistic essay entitled Amor
Patrio (Love of Country). Rizal sent this article to his friend in Manila, Basilio
Teodoro, editorial staff of the Diariong Tagalog. Rizal wrote Amor Patrio under his pen-name Laong Laan, printed in Diariong Tagalog on August 20, 1882. Rizal wrote another two artciles for Diariong Tagalog
entitled "Los Viajes" (Travels) and "Revista de Madrid"
(Review of Madrid) on November 29, 1882. Manila Moves to Madrid Rizal received bad news about the Cholera that was ravaging Manila and the provinces. Another sad news from the Philippines was the letter of Chengoy recounting the unhappiness of Leonor Rivera, who was getting thinner because of the absence of a loved one. Paciano advised Jose to finish the medical course in Madrid. Rizal left Barcelona in the fall of 1882 and established himself in Madrid. Life in Madrid On November 3, 1882, Rizal enrolled in the Universidad Central de Madrid in two courses -- Medicine and Philosophy and Letters. Took lessons at the Academy of San Carlos (Painting & Sculpture) Rizal took lessons in French, German and English under a private instructor. Rizal practiced fencing and shooting in Hall of Arms of Sanz y Carbonell. Romance with Consuelo
Ortega y Rey Rizal used to visit the home of Don Pablo Ortega y Rey every Saturday evening which Rizal played parlor games with Don Pablo's daughters, Pilar and Consuelo. Consuelo loved Rizal. Rizal did not allow the romance to go on for two reasons:
(1) he was still engaged to Leonor Rivera.
(2) Eduardo de Lete, his friend, was deeply in love with Consuelo
In the summer of 1883, he made a quick trip to Paris in order to forget Consuelo. "They Asked Me For Verses" In 1882, Rizal joined the "Circulo Hispano-
Filipino" (Hispano-Philippine Circle), a
society of Spaniards and Filipinos Rizal wrote a poem entitled "Me Piden
Versos" (They Asked Me For Verses). Rizal as Lover of Books Rizal economized on his living expenses,
and with the money he saved, he purchased
books from a bookstore owned by Señor
Roses. He was able to build up a
fair-sized private library. Rizal Becomes a Mason Rizal was persuaded to join the Masonry by his friends. In 1883 he joined the "Masonic Lodge Acacia" in Madrid. His Masonic name was Dimasalang. Two reasons why he joined Mason: (1) the bad friars in the Philippines, by their abuses unworthy of their priestly habit or calling.
(2) Masonry was a shield to use in his fight against the evil forces of tyranny Rizal became a Master Mason in Lodge Solidaridad on November 15, 1890. Later, on February 15, 1892, he became a Master Mason of Le Grand Orient France in Paris Financial Worries Due to hard times in Calamba, the regular monthly allowance of Rizal in Madrid decreased, and at times no allowance arrived. A touching incident in Rizal's life occured on June 25, 1884. In the morning of that date he won a prize in Greek on an empty stomach. And in the evening of same date he delivered a splendid speech at a banquet honoring two Filipino titans of the brush -- Juan Luna and Felix Hidalgo. Rizal's Salute to Luna and Hidalgo Rizal was invited to give the principal speech on a banquet at Restaurant Ingles in honor of Luna and Hidalgo. Rizal saluted Luna and Hidalgo as the two glories of Spain and Philippines, whose splendor united both peoples Studies Completed in Spain Rizal completed his medical course in Spain. He was awarded the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the Universidad Central de Madrid on June 21, 1884. The next academic year (1884-1885) he studied and passed all subjects leading to the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Rizal also finished his studies in Philosophy and Letters, with higher grades. He was awarded the degree of Licentiate in Philosophy and Letters by the Universidad Central de Madrid on June 19, 1885. *END* by: