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PRINCIPLES OF ROMAN GOVERNMENT

Grade 6: Chapter 12 - Section 2
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on 19 May 2016

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Transcript of PRINCIPLES OF ROMAN GOVERNMENT

PRINCIPLES OF ROMAN GOVERNMENT
Rome had an unwritten
Constitution
- structure of government. This constitution was based on custom and tradition after Rome overthrew the Etruscan monarchy.
This constitutional plan allowed for:
a.
Separation of Powers
between 3 branches; each had its own separate powers
to enslured a king could not take over.
3 BRANCHES: TRIPARTITE government.
a. ASSEMBLY:
b. CONSULS (elected 2): equal power
Had the power t
o VETO - means "I forbi
d"
c. MAGISTRATES
: elected officials, who enforce the law.

b.
Checks and Balances of the 3 branches (to prevent abuse of power)
Each branch had its own power and checks on the other 2 branches
No one branch had total power.
c.
Rule of Law
- law applies to all
Elected officials could face trial for crimes after their term ended.
RACE OF HONORS
: officials moved up frm one branch to the next, moving up each time.
Principles of the Roman Government
A number of powerful Magistrates were elected.
Their power was almost equal to a monarch.
These were wealthy Patrician men, whose ancestors had held powerful government offices.

Elite families specialized in politics as their
CIVIC DUTY.

Roman politicians moved from lower offices to higher more powerful offices. This was called the
RACE OF HONORS
.

The Race of Honors developed slowly until it
became standard practice in the later years of the Republic.
ROMAN MAGISTRATES
Citizen wearing TOGA.
Limited citizenship - adult males only
Symbol of citizenship=TOGA only citizens can wear

RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
1. Right to a trial
2. Any adult free male could vote
3. Adult males must serve in the army if they could
afford the armor
4. CIVIC DUTY-responsibilities of citizenship
ROMAN CITIZENS
PRINCIPLES OF ROMAN GOVERNMENT
Grade 6: Chapter 12 - Section 2
PLEBEIAN CITIZEN
Patricians
- oldest and wealthiest families
Controlled the government in early republic

Plebeian
- Majority of the people
Not of an old important family - common people
From the very poorest to the wealthy
Eventually force Patricians to allow them public
offices by going on
STRIKE

They stopped fighting in a war and sat down
to watch on a hill. Patricians had no choice
but to allow them to participate in government.


TWO SOCIAL CLASSES -Patrician/Plebeian
THE CITIZEN ASSEMBLY AND THE SENATE
ROMAN SENATE
ASSEMBLY
: democratic form of roman government
All adult male citizens could participate BUT the votes of the patrician class counted for more.
Here citizens elected officials and passed laws. This part of government was a Direct Democracy.
The Assembly's power was checked by the Senate and the elected government officials.
SENATE
- Patrician males - Oligarchy
Senators were older men, previously a magistrate.
Senators were chosen by CENSORS, who did not represent the people. They guided the Senate and were usually listened as rich older men were wise.
CONSULS
- advised the Assembly and Magistrates.
They ran foreign policy and government spending.
MOST POWERFUL PART OF ROMAN GOVMNT.
CONSULS in ivory seats
GOVERNMENT OFFICES (low to high)
3 TYPES of Government
:
Aristocratic
- Patrician
Senate - oligarchy
Democratic
- Plebeian
Assembly - direct democ.
Monarchy
- Dictator
Total power for 6 months
in times of emergency
Starting the Race of Honors:

QUAESTOR
-accountants who kept
track of State's money Moved up to:
AEDILE
-in charge of festivals and
maintaining state buildings. Moved up to:
PRAETORS/CONSULS
(2) -elected
to judge important cases, manage
Rome and lead the army. They
could serve for only 1 year.

Race of Honors moved up in jobs. More
honor for higher jobs.
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