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Transcript of Pre-operational Stage
ages 2 to 7 years old Child becomes increasingly able to
think about and imagine things in their
Symbolic Thinking Egocentrism Inability to see things from
another person’s perspective.
Animism Belief that everything which exists has
of consciousness. linked to egocentric thinking Transformation Understanding that something can change from one form to another.
Identifying the initial and final stages of a process but unable to explain any of the stages in between.
Centration Can focus
on only one quality or feature of
an object at a time.
Reversibility The ability to follow a line of reasoning back to its start point.
EXPERIMENT 1 Example; Example; Example; Researcher: Do you have a brother?
4 year-old: Yes. His name is Jim.
Researcher: Does Jim have a brother?
EXPERIMENT 2 Scenario 1 Scenario 2 BIBLIOGRAPHY Grivas.J & Carter.L, 1992, 'Psychology for the VCE student Unit 1 & Unit 2,5th edn, Wiley.J, Queensland.
Cherry,K n.d., ‘Preoperational Stage of CognitiveDevelopment’, viewed on 15 April 2010, http://psychology.about.com/od/piagetstheory/p/preoperational.htm
Kuther.T 2001, ‘The Mistakes Young Children Make: Preoperational Reasoning’, viewed on 15 April 2010,
‘Stages of Intellectual Development In Children andTeenagers’, n.d., viewed on 15 April 2001, http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/development/piaget.shtml