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Van Dokhvan

on 2 May 2013

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1990 to Present Pakistan - China Relations An introduction Military Ties Conclusion Favorable relations with China is a pillar of Pakistan's foreign policy.

China supported Pakistan's opposition to the Soviet Union's intervention in Afghanistan and is perceived by Pakistan as a regional counterweight to NATO and the United States.

China and Pakistan also share close military relations, with China supplying a range of modern armaments to the Pakistani defense forces.

China supports Pakistan's stance on Kashmir while Pakistan supports China on the issues of Xinjiang, Tibet, and Taiwan.

Military cooperation has deepened with joint projects producing armaments ranging from fighter jets to guided missile frigates. Scenario after 1980's Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan and Soviet Dissolution Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) identified that 55 percent of the arms exported by China, the fifth largest exporter in the period 2008-2012, went to Pakistan. The relations between Pakistan and China have been described by Pakistan's ambassador to China as higher than the mountains, deeper than the oceans, stronger than steel, dearer than eyesight, sweeter than honey, and so on. The Pressler Amendment in 1990 suspended all American military assistance and any new economic aid amidst concerns that Pakistan was attempting to develop a nuclear weapon. Pakistanis saw this as a betrayal that sold out Pakistani interests in favor of India. This belief was further strengthened as India had developed a nuclear weapon without significant American opposition, and Pakistan felt obligated to do the same. Consequently, the primarily geopolitical alliance between Pakistan and China has since 1990 branched out into military and economic cooperation, due to Pakistan's belief that America's influence and support in the region should be counterbalanced by the Chinese. ... and even today, There is a general sentiment in Pakistan to adopt a foreign policy which favors China over the United States.

Washington has been accused of deserting Pakistan in favor of a policy that favors stronger relations with India.

While Pakistan sees China as a more reliable ally over the long term. Pakistan and China military technical cooperation has been well established.

The cooperation was extended after 1990 imposition of sanctions by the US on Pakistan. China has established joint manufacturing plants in Pakistan for the manufacture of JF 17 fighters that are likely to be the mainstay of the Pakistan Air Force in the future.

The K-8 Karakorum light attack aircraft was also coproduced with China.

Thus it is not surprising that China is the largest and also the most cost effective defence provider for Pakistan given limitations of Pakistan’s defence budget.

At the same time low technology may have prevented China from exporting to countries in West Asia who can afford to buy arms from the West. In December 1996, President Jiang Zemin, invited by Pakistan, paid a state visit to the country. It is a big event in the Sino-Pakistani relations and the leaders of the two countries decided to establish an all-round cooperative partnership into the 21st century. President Jiang Zemin made an important speech entitled Carrying Forward Friendly and Neighborly Relations from Generation to Generation, and Working together for a Better Tomorrow during his visit to Pakistan, a expounding for the first time China's policy toward South Asia. 2001 marked the 50th anniversary of the establishment of Sino-Pakistani diplomatic relations and colorful celebrations were held in the two countries. Gawadar Port "Until about 1990, Beijing clearly sought to build up Pakistan to keep India off balance."
write South Asia experts Elizabeth G. M. Parker and Teresita C. Schaffer in a July 2008 CSIS newsletter.

After the 1990 imposition of U.S. sanctions on Pakistan, China became the country's leading arms supplier. Collaboration now includes personnel training, joint military exercises, intelligence sharing, and counterterrorism efforts. Economic Cooperation A comprehensive free trade agreement was signed in 2008, giving each country unprecedented market access to the other.
Trade between Islamabad and Beijing immediately after that hovered around $7 billion a year, and both sides set a target of raising the figure to $15 billion by 2010. China provided much of the technical assistance and 80 percent of the funds for the construction of the port.

In return, China gains strategic access to the Persian Gulf: the port is just 180 nautical miles from the Strait of Hormuz, through which 40 percent of all globally traded oil is shipped.

This enables China to diversify and secure its crude oil import routes and provides the landlocked and oil and natural gas-rich Xinjiang Province with access to the Arabian Sea. Pakistan currently faces a growing balance of payments deficit, and China's capacity as a creditor may be able to correct Islamabad's urgent predicament.

"China's huge foreign-exchange reserves," writes Kronstadt, "are a potential source of a major cash infusion." Chashma Nuclear Power Complex Chashma Nuclear Power Plant's reactors and other facilities are being built and operated by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission with Chinese support. The 300 MW Chashma Nuclear Power Plant I is a pressurized water reactor that began commercial operation in 2000. It is located at Kundian, Punjab, Pakistan.

The 300 MW Chashma Nuclear Power Plant II was officially inaugurated on May 10, 2011 by former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani.

Construction is planned to be completed in 2016 for No. III, and in 2017 for No. IV. Sources: http://www.security-risks.com/security-trends-south-asia/pakistan/china-pakistan-relations-receive-a-boost-1871.html




http://www.cfr.org/china/china-pakistan-relations/p10070 Video credits: PTV News

FOX News

Youtube.com Picture credits: http://www.pak-china.org/


http://www.pakistan-china.com/picture-gallery.php?pageid=gallery Thank you for your attention...!!!
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