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Life In South African Townships

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Mark Han

on 27 February 2013

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Transcript of Life In South African Townships

Mark Han Life In South African Townships Introduction Connection To Kaffir Boy Townships: The underdeveloped urban living areas that, from the late 19th century until the end of Apartheid, were reserved for non-whites. Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 of 1949

Immorality Amendment Act, Act No 21 of 1950; amended in 1957 (Act 23)

Population Registration Act, Act No 30 of 1950

Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950

Suppression of Communism Act, Act No 44 of 1950

Bantu Building Workers Act, Act No 27 of 1951

Separate Representation of Voters Act, Act No 46 of 1951

Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act, Act No 52 of 1951

Bantu Authorities Act, Act No 68 of 1951

Natives Laws Amendment Act of 1952

Natives (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act, Act No 67 of 1952

Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes) Act of 1953

Bantu Education Act, Act No 47 of 1953

Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, Act No 49 of 1953 Apartheid Laws Daily Life
Education Quality of Life Infrastructure Johannes and his family lived in the township of Alexandra
Went through and experienced all the hardships of the townships Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950
Forced physical separation between races by creating different residential areas for different races. Led to forced removals of people living in "wrong" areas, for example Coloureds living in District Six in Cape Town.

Bantu Building Workers Act, Act No 27 of 1951
Allowed black people to be trained as artisans in the building trade, something previously reserved for whites only, but they had to work within an area designated for blacks. Made it a criminal offence for a black person to perform any skilled work in urban areas except in those sections designated for black occupation.

Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act, Act No 52 of 1951
Gave the Minister of Native Affairs the power to remove blacks from public or privately owned land and to establishment resettlement camps to house these displaced people.

Natives (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act, Act No 67 of 1952
Commonly known as the Pass Laws, this ironically named act forced black people to carry identification with them at all times. A pass included a photograph, details of place of origin, employment record, tax payments, and encounters with the police. It was a criminal offence to be unable to produce a pass when required to do so by the police. No black person could leave a rural area for an urban one without a permit from the local authorities. On arrival in an urban area a permit to seek work had to be obtained within 72 hours. Bibliography "Apartheid Legislation in South Africa." Apartheid Legislation in South Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.

"Alexandra Township, Johannesburg, South Africa." Alexandra Township, Johannesburg, South Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.

"Apartheid." Postcolonial Studies Emory. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.
<http://postcolonialstudies.emory.edu/apartheid/>. Had massive population density
Apartheid's were designed for a population of 70,000
The population consisted of around 3 to 10 times more than the "max capacity" (180,000-750,000)
The blacks had only 7.3% of land while they composed about 70% of the population Not many blacks or colored were given an education
Schools for blacks, colored and white were segregated
School was considered a waste to the blacks because of its high price and their tribal ways
Very few blacks actually completed school
The teacher to student to teacher ratio for the blacks were 1:48 while the student to teacher ratio for the whites were 1:18 Finding and getting the daily necessities to live was a daily struggle (Water, Food, Shelter)
The parents worked 5 days a week and earned very little (30 rands a month)
Those that didn't have a job resorted to crime or begging
Lived in fear of the many gangs and of the Peri-Urban Police who did routine checks of passes Rehabilitation of Infrastructure There were three main infrastructures within the townships that were in need of repair, the sewerage, water, and electrical systems. This problem, however, couldn't be fixed due to the fact that the problems that each of these infrastructures caused for the residents were mainly due to the lack of sanitation, accessibility, and availability Sewerage System Water System Electrical System Were poorly planned for a large growing population
There were blockages, surcharges, as well as spilling over of water that caused the roads to flood
The packed layout of the houses created more problems The low water pressure made it difficult to distribute water
The water source was very inconsistent
Water was used for many daily jobs, so the lack of efficient way to spread distribute water was a problem The source of electricity was very inconsistent
The layout of the electrical wires was very unorganized so problems with the wires could not be fixed
There was only one power box in an area so there wasn't an efficient power source
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