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U.S Embargo on Cuba

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by

Estefany Arroyo

on 20 May 2016

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Transcript of U.S Embargo on Cuba

Primary Source#3
January 1st, 1959 Fidel Castro takes down Fulgencio Batista and becomes communist
October 19,1960 President Eisenhower signed an embargo on imports to Cuba
January,3rd,1961President Eisenhower ended diplomatic relations with Cuba and closed US embassy in Havana
April 17, 1961, the Bay of Pigs Invasion was an invasion by the US on Cuba but failed
February 3rd, 1962 JFK signed the embargo on Cuba
October 15-28 1962 was a very tense time between U.S and Cuba and they were very close to war
This course helps me understand the perspective of Cubans and Cuba and how they felt that the US was killing them and they were dying and getting weaker. The man who is surrounding Cuba with its arms is the United States. The boat in the back telling the U.S to lift the embargo is the United Nations. This political cartoon shows how Cuba is dying. The embargo is literally killing people in Cuba.


By:Estefany Arroyo 408
Summary
The embargo on Cuba wasn't something that was physical. There was no line that shouldn't be crossed. As you can see in the map Cuba is really really close to the U.S. Specifically Key West Florida. Key West is a island city that is part of Florida. Havana is the capital of Cuba. From Key West to Havana is 106 miles.
One of the causes of the embargo was the revolution of Fidel Castro. Fidel Castro took over Cuba and made it communist. The U.S was scared because Cuba was an ally with the Soviet Union and Cuba was so close to the U.S. October 19, 1960, President Eisenhower signed a mini embargo on exports to Cuba.On January 3rd, 1961 President Eisenhower ended diplomatic relations with Cuba and closed US embassy in Havana. Bay of pigs Invasion failed (April 17, 1961). An attempt to end communism and Castro in Cuba. JFK signed the embargo on February 3rd, 1662. The Cuban Missile Crisis was when the U.S and Cuba were very close to war Oct. 15-28, 1962. On February 8, 1963, the US prohibited travel to Cuba. The US took in Cuban refugees in 1980. The US State Department added Cuba on the list of State Sponsors of Terrorism in 1982. The U.S became Cuba's main food supplier. The food was being delivered to Cuba because of Hurricane Michelle in 2001. President George W. Bush put harder restrictions on the embargo and some Americans were unhappy because they wanted to see their families. In 2008, Fidel Castro stood down and his position was given to his brother Raul Castro. When Obama was a senator he disagreed with the embargo on Cuba. Later in 2001 President Obama said that they needed the embargo. In 2013, the UN wanted the US to lift the embargo on Cuba. On Dec. 17, 2014, President Obama announced that he was working with Cuba to restore diplomatic relations with Cuba

U.S Embargo on Cuba
TIME LINE
Map of the Embargo
February 8th, 1963 the US prohibited travel to Cuba
1980 The US took in Cuban refugees
1982 the US State Department put Cuba on the list of State Sponsors of Terrorism
2001 Hurricane Michelle forced the US to send food to Cuba
2008 Fidel Castro stood down and gave his position to Raul Castro
In 2013, the UN was pressuring the U.S to lift the embargo on Cuba
December 17, 2014, Obama announced that he was working on Cuba to fix diplomatic relations
Primary Source #1
This helps me understand how this topic had a big impact on the US as well as in Cuba. This was a really big thing that happened in the US history and the world. This also helps me understand more about the Cuban Missile Crisis. JFK was really what people thought about when they thought about the embargo. He was the one who signed the embargo.

How this source helps me understand the topic
President JFK wanted to isolate the Cuba because he felt that they threatened the U.S. It went into effect February 7th, 1962 12:01 AM. All goods from Cuba are prohibited in the U.S. JFK gave authorization for the U.S to end all trade with Cuba.
This helps me understand the topic more because it gives a firsthand account as to how the president executed this law.
Primary Source #2
Excerpt of JFK Proclamation 3447-Embargo on all trade with Cuba
How does this primary source help me understand the topic?
How does this primary source help me understand the topic?
Sources:
Link: http://cuba-embargo.procon.org/
http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/index.php
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_embargo_against_Cuba
https://history105.libraries.wsu.edu/spring2015/2015/01/21/human-trafficking-and-the-role-of-u-s-policies-2/
Full transcript