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Teaching Students with Visual and Hearing Impairments
Transcript of Teaching Students with Visual and Hearing Impairments
Students may be DEAF or HARD OF HEARING.
1. 10% are deaf: unable to understand speech, even with a hearing aid.
2. 90% are hard of hearing, and have some hearing loss in one or both ears. Special accommodations and adaptations are required. "If you just communicate you can get by. But if you skillfully communicate, you can work miracles." - Jim Rohn Types of Hearing Loss
CONDUCTIVE hearing loss: interference with transmission of sound from the outer to inner ear.
SENSORINEURAL hearing loss: impairment or damage to the auditory nerve or inner ear.
UNILATERAL HEARING: normal hearing in one ear, hearing loss in the other.
Students with this hearing loss and no assistance are 10x more likely to fail a grade than students with bilateral hearing. How can I tell if a student may have a visual impairment? Rubs eyes often
Squints to see writing
Holds objects close to eyes
Has difficulty copying text
Blinks more often than other children
Moves head when reading
Inflamed or watery eyes
Styes in eyelids
Itchy eyes A Student may exhibit these symptoms: What are possible signs of a hearing impairment? Child may exhibit these symptoms:
Not alert to own name or environmental sounds
Does not sound like or use speech of other children in class
Seems to not understand, saying “what” more than other children
Misunderstands verbal directions
Tugging on ears
Drainage or blood from ears
Fatigue Visual Impairments
i. Can be CONGENITAL - Present at birth
ii. Can be ADVENTITIOUS - Acquired as a result of illness or accident What is the IMPACT on my student? Impacts that visual impairments have on children’s education and lives:
• makes reading and writing difficult
• affects the normal sequence of learning in social, motor, language and cognitive developmental areas
• low motivation in exploring the environment
• low self-esteem
• requires special services to help them learn and develop socially Impacts of Integration:
When a hearing impaired student is intigrated in a class of hearing students, these results are observed.
Better communication skills
Less likelihood of psychological issues
Higher self esteem Impacts that auditory impairments have on children's education and lives:
Lower academic performance
Slower development of vocabulary
Increased social isolation and lower self-concept
Delays of expressive and receptive language development Integration:
How can I HELP my
students succeed? How do we define visual and hearing impairments. . . ? May be BLIND or PARTIALLY SIGHTED
Legal definition of Blindness: Those whose visual acuity is 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or those whose field of vision is restricted to an arc of 20 degrees or less at its widest point. Accommodations for Visually Impaired Students
Use "clock" orientation throughout the classroom.
Allow the student to explore the class and familiarize his or herself with surroundings.
Say aloud what is being written on the board.
Allow student to use a word processor to type assignments, reports, etc.
Provide tape-recorded materials to students who read Braille.
Offer access to large print materials.
Reduce environmental noise so that the student can easily hear instruction.
Secure instruction from a specialist to help the student use additional resources. Accommodations for Hearing Impaired Students
Total communication, with fingerspelling (sign) and speech (oral).
Speak naturally and maintain face-to-face contact.
Encourage hearing aid use when applicable.
Use visual methods of instruction, such as projectors.
Use captioned videos.
Provide copies of the teacher's or peer's notes for lessons, so the student can pay attention during lecture and still have notes.
Enlist the help of a specialist or individual aide during class to help with note taking, signing, etc.
Advocate for the use of FM devices during lecture. There are different types of sign language.
ASL: American Sign Language
PSE: Pidgin Sign Language
SEE: Sign Exact English