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MLA Style--English 100

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Scott J. Wilson

on 3 February 2019

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Transcript of MLA Style--English 100

Essential Info: Books
Essential Info: Short Stories
Essential Info: Scholarly Articles
MLA Style--English 100
MLA Style is the
mandatory citation style
in any English class you will take at university. It is also used in other liberal arts/humanities courses.

from APA style, Chicago style and ASA style in important ways. Attention to detail is important and
MLA style conventions are often not transferable to other disciplines

Its main value is making sure your sources are cited correctly so you can
avoid plagiarizing

General Formatting
Double space your document

Use 12 pt. font (serif fonts like Times New Roman are preferred)

1-inch margins on all sides

Indent to start each new paragraph

Formatting and Style
MLA Style requires consistency in font, style etc.

1. Book titles are underlined or italicized (pick one and be consistent):
Darkly Dreaming Dexter or

This is also the case for websites, magazines, movies, video games, journal titles, paintings, and any other larger publication.

2. Articles, chapters, poems, short stories etc. should appear in quotation marks:
“The Pugilist at Rest”

Proper Titles
A common problem is improper capitalization. Here are a few rules to follow:
In a title or a subtitle, capitalize the
first word
, the
last word
, and all
principal words
Therefore, capitalize everything that falls in the middle of a title except:
i. Articles (a, an, the)
ii. Prepositions (against, between, in, of, to, since)
iii. Coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for, nor, or, so)
iv. The "to" in infinitives (as in How to Play Poker)

Quotations in MLA Style
Block Quotes
If the quote runs for
more than 4 lines
, begin a new line, indent by one inch from the left margin, and type it double-spaced without adding quotation marks.
Introduce the block quote with a colon.

This apocalyptic vision offers much less hope than one might associate with American pioneers. Durden says

Imagine stalking past department store windows and stinking racks of beautiful rotting dresses and tuxedos on hangers; you’ll wear leather clothes that will last the rest of your life, and you’ll climb the wrist-thick kudzu vines that wrap the Sears Tower…you’ll see tiny figures pounding corn and laying strips of venison to dry in the empty car pool lane of an abandoned superhighway stretching eight-lanes wide and August-hot for a thousand miles. This was the goal of Project Mayhem…the complete and right-away destruction of civilization. (125)

Darkly Dreaming Dexter
Use a colon and a space to separate a primary title from a subtitle, (unless the title ends in a question mark, an exclamation point, or a dash).
Fight For Your Right:
Rebellion in Amy Tan's "Two Kinds" and Jamaica Kincaid's "Girl"
“Half a leering bruise hidden in the dark”: Abjection in Chuck Palahniuk’s
Fight Club

Proper Titles Continued
Author’s full name (last name first)
Full title (including any subtitle)
Edition (if the book is a 2nd or later or a revised edition)
Number of volume (if the book is a multi-volume work)
Shortened form of publisher name
Year of publication

Lindsay, Jeff.
Darkly Dreaming Dexter.
Vintage, 2006.

Author’s full name (last name first)
Full title of story (including any subtitle)
Title of Collection
Edition (if the book is a 2nd or later numbered edition or a revised edition)
Number of volume (if the book is a multivolume work)
Editor Name
Shortened form of publisher name
Year of publication
Page number range

O'Brien, Tim. “The Things They Carried.”
The Scribner Anthology of Contemporary Short Fiction.
2nd ed., edited by Lex Williford and Michael Martone, Touchstone, 2007, pp. 469-483.

Author’s name
Title of the article
Title of the journal
Volume number
Year of publication
Inclusive page numbers of the article

Jordan, Matt. “Marxism, Not Manhood: Accommodation and Impasse in Seamus Heaney’s
and Chuck Palahniuk’s
Fight Club
Men & Masculinities,
vol. 4, no. 4, 2002, pp. 368-79.

If a prose quotation runs
no more than four lines
and requires special emphasis, put it in quotation marks and incorporate it into the text.

Example from a novel or short story:

In fact, at one point Durden is working a house party and he leaves a note: “I have passed an amount of urine into at least one of your many elegant fragrances” (Palahniuk 82).

if it's clear who the author is (or what story you're referring to), no last name needed. So, if you only have one source on the works cited page, no need to use author last name. Or, if you mention the author's name in the sentence, just use a page number. If it's ambiguous who the author is, include that name in the citation.

Ex. (Palahniuk 82).
Note: In MLA, give page numbers for
paraphrased material as well.
punctuation on the inside of the citation only in block quotes
You can
indicate missing words
in a quote by using three periods (…).
It is recommended you put a space on both sides of the ellipsis (not necessary).

Whenever you wish to omit a word, a phrase, a sentence, or more from a quoted passage, consider two principles:

Be fair to the author quoted;
Maintain the grammatical integrity of your writing.

Ex. “shelves full of different mustards…fourteen different flavors of fat-free salad dressing, and seven kinds of capers” (45).

Only use them in the
middle of a quotation
, never to start or end one.

Ellipses: cut the stuff you don't need.
In order to make an author’s words fit into your essay seamlessly, you will have to edit words for subject/verb agreement and other reasons.
Indicate any
alterations using square brackets
[look at me changing stuff].

For Branson, even an afterlife as a brain-craving zombie, essentially a walking corpse, is more appealing than life in consumer America. He “wants to be chased by flesh-eating zombies…
just want
some proof that death isn’t the end…even if they tore
apart, at least that wouldn’t be the absolute end. There would be some comfort in that. It would prove some kind of life after death” (255).

Editing Quotes

No comma in citation, no "p." before page number in the in-text citations (page numbers on works cited do have p. or pp.)

Punctuation appears after the citation, not before.

"quoting stuff here" (Wilson 13).
here, the primary title appears in quotation marks and is in lower case because it is a quote from a novel. If yours is not, then follow proper capitalizing and
use quotes around it.
Name 5
center Works Cited at the top of the page. No bold, no underline, no italics.
last name and page number in top right corner like all other pages.
order entries in alphabetical order by author last name (use title if no author is available)
Use "hanging indent" between entries.

Entry starts against the margin and any additional lines get indented one inch.

Next full entry begins against the margin again
More information on different types of sources and examples of MLA style are available in:

Broadview Pocket Guide
pages 1-28 (read this).

Essay Do's & Don'ts
pages 97-113
George Smith, a supporter of cloning and the President of the Human Cloning Foundation, believes that science fiction works have created hysteria in the popular media. Smith argues:
The Sixth Day
, our popular media has done nothing but stir up the public’s anxiety about monsters” (25).

His views on the popular media support the earlier claim that Americans suffer from an irrational fear of science, which is important because Random Author is suggesting a similar fear in "That Story We're Studying" in that Character X's paranoia about undergoing the experimental operation leads to his demise.
Present All Evidence with the Sandwich Model:
You, Them, You
Your essay title needs to be an original title that includes the theme of your essay as well as the authors and texts you will be discussing. It should have:

1. a creative, catchy
primary title
that is a common reference to the topic, a popular culture reference, a quote from the story or it can be a phrase you make up that captures the main idea of the paper.

2. a
that lists the author(s), title(s), and main theme.
What is it Good For?:
War and Honour in Tim O'Brien's "The Things They Carried" and Thom Jones' "The Pugilist at Rest"
1080p Picasso:
Video Games, Emotional Audiences, and Art
Deeply-Disturbed, Deviously-Droned, Doughnut-Downing Dexter:

Jeff Lindsay’s
Darkly Dreaming Dexter
and American Consumerism
Primary Title
if you include more than one entry from the same collection (if you write on 2-3 stories), you need an entry for each short story from the collection.
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