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Copy of Dugin's Neo-Eurasianism
Transcript of Copy of Dugin's Neo-Eurasianism
What is Eurasia ?
"I am a Muscovite, root and branch, I am pathologically in love with Moscow and the Muscovite period of our history. I am a consistent and radical opponent of westernizing, liberalism, the profane way of life."
Aleksandr Dugin, Pop Culture and the Sign of the Times (2005)
Huge continental landmass which is composed of Europe and Asia.
Home to different cultures, civilizations and religions.
Eurasiatic ≠ Eurasianist
The Genesis of the Eurasianist movement
Who is Aleksandr Dugin ?
Slavophiles, Symbolists and Scythianists.
The Inter-War Russian Diaspora.
Revival at the decline of the USSR.
Born in Moscow, he was the son of GRU (secret service) officer.
Young dissident close to monarchists and nationalists in the 80s.
First joined Pamyat' in 88, then the National Bolshevik Party and finally formed the Evrazia movement.
Specializations in political science, religious studies and sociology. Speaks 9 languages as well.
Cover of the first scythianist review (1917)
The "Heartland" of Eurasia
The Anglo-American "World Island"
The Afro-European "Rimland"
The Pacific "Rimland"
The Anglo-American "World Island"
The Geopolitical aspect
"an army of empires"
Dichotomy between East and West. Orthodoxy-Islam vs Occidental Christianity, Unipolar world vs Multipolar world, etc
World dominated by the Anglo-Americans Empire. Russia must resist to western globalism by launching a counterattack.
Need to find allies in different cultural poles: European Germany, Islamic Iran and Pacific Japan.
Rejects US hegemony, Dugin believes that Russia should lead the world into a new multipolar world.
Central American space
South American space
North American space
Ultimate periphery of the world
Eurasian path is to create a decentralized federation of civilizations.
Ethnodifferentialism = "Heterophile but mixophobe".
Russia must resist to western globalism by launching a counterattack.
Fascination with fascism dogma and culture: order and authority, collectivism, enlistment of the youth, leader cult, "New man" ideal, heroic nationalism, esotericism, cultural myths.
Opposed to individualism, multiculturalism, egalitarianism and globalisation.
The Eurasian doctrine
Eurasianism and Religion
Orthodoxy marks the specificity of Russia. Along with traditional Islam, Orthodoxy opposes itself against Western Christianity.
Orthodox spirituality vs Protestant ethic.
During the Second Chechen war, Dugin had to distinguish a difference between traditional Islam and radical Islam.
Dugin esteems paganism as a vector of tradition and spirituality, though he does not consider it a faith.
Ambiguous vision of Judaism. Believes that a "good" Jews should remain in Israel.
Condemns the Holocaust, though he admires the Nazi regime.
Conclusion on Dugin's Neo Eurasianism
A theory that goes all back in the early 20th century.
Neo-Eurasianism is a postmodern expansionnist quasi-theory.
Political, sociological, philosophical, esoterical and religious ideology.
Conservative as well as revolutionary.
Is it just a trend ? Can it be considered a threat ?
Some answers: even if the term Eurasianism is very used in Russia, not everyone has the same vision as Dugin. His followers are mainly amongst intellectual circles. As for a threat, his vision is very much idealist.
The Arab-Asian "Rimland"