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Civil Right's Movement
Transcript of Civil Right's Movement
The importation of slaves is banned in the U.S., though illegal slave trade continues
The Missouri Compromise is passed to maintain a balance of 12 slave and 12 free states
1868 The 14th Amendment, which requires equal protection under the law to all persons, is ratified.
1870 The 15th Amendment, which bans racial discrimination in voting, is ratified.
1896 The Supreme Court approves the "separate but equal" segregation doctrine.
1909 The National Negro Committee convenes. This leads to the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
1925 In its first national demonstration the Ku Klux Klan marches on Washington, D.C.
1948 President Truman issues an executive order outlawing segregation in the U.S. military.
1954 The Supreme Court declares school segregation unconstitutional in its ruling on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
Rosa Parks is jailed for refusing to move to the back of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus. A boycott follows, and the bus segregation ordinance is declared unconstitutional.The Federal Interstate Commerce Commission bans segregation on interstate trains and buses.
1957 Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus uses the National Guard to block nine black students from attending Little Rock High School. Following a court order, President Eisenhower sends in federal troops to allow the black students to enter the school.
1960 Four black college students begin sit-ins at the lunch counter of a Greensboro, North Carolina, restaurant where black patrons are not served
The Supreme Court rules
that slaves do not become free
when taken into a free state,
Congress cannot bar slavery from
a territory and that blacks
cannot become citizens.
Dred Scot Case
Slavery is Abolished
Civil War Begins
Provides for equal protection
under the law to ALL persons
Plessy verses Ferguson
Separate but Equal
Board of Education
Civil Rights Timeline
Jim Crow laws, rules and customs arise effectively denying African Americans of their rights
Segregation in schools
is deemed unconstitutional
Little Rock Nine
The National Guard, under the order of Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus attempts to block nine black students from attending Little Rock High School.
In response, President Eisenhower sends in federal troops to allow the black students to enter the school.
Four black college students
begin the sit-in movement
at a segregated Woolworth's
lunch counter in Greensboro, NC
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
(SNCC)is formed in Raleigh, NC
The Southern Christian
(SCLC)is formed with
Martin Luther King Jr.
as its first president.
Children's Marches in Birmingham, AL
March on Washington
I Have a Dream...
Bombing at Sixteenth Street Baptist Church
Eyes on the Prize - 1961 to 1963
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is founded
Abolished the Poll Tax
A network of Civil Rights organizations (including SNCC and Core) called The Council of Federated Organizations or CoFo, launched a massive effort to register black voters in Mississippi.
Civil Rights Act
All discrimination based on race, color, religion or national origin is prohibited. It also gave the Federal government the authority to enforce desegregation.
Act of 1965
Banned discriminatory voting practices
such as literacy tests, put in place to
enforce the 15th Amendment
Formation of the
Black Panther Party
Eyes on the Prize
View of Fort Sumter
from The Battery
The Gettysburg Campaign
The Slave Trade
in the Southern US
The beginning of the
African slave trade in the new world
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
(NAACP) is formed.
Truman begins to desegregate the military
Jackie Robinson breaks
the color barrier in Major League Baseball
1968 Memphis, TN
King is Assassinated