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Pronunciation & Intonation - Level 2
Transcript of Pronunciation & Intonation - Level 2
Balancing Pronunciation and Intonation for Proper Communication
In order to be understood clearly and distinctly through phone communications, it is necessary to balance the demands of proper pronunciation of sounds, and then deliver those sounds correctly.
In our review today, we will look again at problem sounds, both vowels and consonants. Then, we will consider again the challenges of proper intonation. Finally, we will work on a practical in class review that combines the concepts.
Making the ‘T’ Sound
• Teeth slightly apart, with your tongue situated behind the top teeth.
• Air forced out, with your tongue dropping to behind the bottom teeth.
Making the ‘D’ Sound
• Teeth slightly apart, with the tip of your tongue touching the roof of your mouth.
• Air is forced out, with your tongue dropping behind your bottom teeth.
Making the ‘TH’ Sound
• Teeth slightly apart, with the tip of your tongue between your teeth.
• Air is blown across the tongue to produce the sound.
THE PROBLEM: There is no corresponding 'TH' sound in Tagalog.
The most common problem that occurs is
that the sound is transposed into a ‘D’ sound.
Making the ‘S’ & ‘Z’ Sounds
• Teeth together, tongue centered in the mouth.
• Lips WIDE like a smile.
• Air is blown through the teeth.
• ‘Z’ should feel a vibration in the throat.
Making the ‘SH’ Sound
• Teeth apart, tongue touching behind the bottom teeth.
• Lips in a small ‘o’ shape.
• Air is blown through the mouth.
THE PROBLEM: There are no corresponding sounds for ‘Z’ or ‘SH’ in Tagalog.
The sounds are commonly shortened into an ‘S’ sound.
Making the ‘CH’ Sound
• Tongue behind your top teeth like making ‘T’.
• Mouth shaped like making ‘SH’.
Making the ‘J’ Sound
• Tongue at the roof of your mouth like making ‘D’.
• Teeth set like making ‘S/Z’.
• There should be a vibration in your throat on ‘J’.
THE PROBLEM: Tagalog does not have corresponding sounds for ‘CH’ & ‘J’.
To compensate, some speakers drop down into an ‘SH’ sound.
Making the P Sound
• Lips are together.
• Air is forced out. You should feel a puff of air on your hand in front.
Making the B Sound
• Lips are together.
• No air is forced. You should not feel any air on your hand in front.
• There should be a vibration in your throat.
Making the ‘F’ Sound
• Bite your bottom lip gently.
• Air is forced out in a steady flow. Air will hit your hand at an angle.
Making the ‘V’
• Bite your bottom lip gently.
• VERY light air is forced out. You should barely feel it on your hand.
• You should feel a vibration in your throat.
THE PROBLEM: Because Tagalog does not have ‘voiced’ sounds with a vibration in the throat, sounds such as ‘B’ and ‘V’ get lost. Also, occasionally, ‘F’ sounds get turned into ‘P’ sounds.
MAKING THE 'EE' Sound
mouth wide, teeth close together.
there should be a strong vibration in your throat.
MAKING THE 'I' SOUND
mouth relaxed, teeth slightly apart.
there should be a slight vibration in your throat.
THE PROBLEM: Because both these sounds have vibrations, and since Tagalog does not distinguish between these sounds, they often get confused.
JUST A REMINDER......
In English, it's not
WHAT you say,
you say it!
The basic intonation patterns in
English are RISING and FALLING.
These often occur at the END of
sentences in English.
Intonation is the use of pitch, that is, raising and lowering your voice, to convey:
Please watch the following videos and make notes in your workbook.
Both Tagalog and English are musical in nature. It's just that the PATTERNS of the music are different. That is why there is such a challenge in understanding English intonation!
Listen to your trainer and repeat the following:
"Can I borrow your car?"
"I can't believe he did that!"
"Is there anything else?"
"I don't care. I'm going anyway."
"That feels good!"
"Would you like some cake, or some pie?"
"That will be $127.83, please."
In our exercise, I will be showing clips from an American television show called "Big Love". I chose this show because all the characters tend to speak English with a Midwest (softened) accent. This is the pattern of the highest percentage of US phone customers.
We will watch portions of the clip, and these will be repeated, and then YOU will repeat them!
MINIMAL PAIRS PRACTICE
In your workbook, your trainer has provided a list of similar sounding words. Review the words, and follow the exercise instructions of the trainer.