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The Necklace

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by

Ricky Rahman

on 17 March 2015

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Transcript of The Necklace

Guy De Maupassant
Author Biography
Plot Summary
Conflict
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Self
Complication
Retrospect & Revelation
Crisis
The Loisels working and toiling to replace the lost necklace
Climax
Reunion of Mathilde with Madame Jeanne Forestier at the Park
Conclusion
Ironic and Surprise Ending
"It was worth at most five hundred francs!"

Point of View
Narrator
Third Person
Omniscient
Rationale
The Story focuses on the thoughts and
feelings of Mme. Loisel

Her journey is focused as the audience
experiences her trials and tribulations
as she does

Setting
By Guy De Maupassant
The Necklace
Tone & Style
Tone
Reserved
Distant
Empathetic

Style
Dialogue
Time Jumps
Irony
Situational Irony
The wealthy and opulent upper class are ultimately cheap and hollow
Years of hard work may possess little value
Theme
1. People should be happy with what they have and be thankful for that (The grass is always greener on the other side).

2. Honesty truly is the best policy.

4. Sometimes it is better to beg forgiveness than ask permission

3. You may pay a terrible price for greed and desire (Mme. L’s fatal flaw is her desire for material things; her "fakeness" is just like the necklace)

Symbolism
Necklace

- Greed/desire for what one cannot have
- Differences in social classes
- Dishonesty

Wrap

- Mme’s status in life
- insecurity
- embarrassment

Money

- A means of displaying generosity

- A necessary toil to pursue

Dress

- Mr. Loisel's sacrifice for his wife.

Born : 5 August 1850
Died : 6 July 1893
Born in Dienne, France. Grew up with single mother in Normandy France.

He initially served in the army during the Franco-Prussian War and then worked as a government clerk for a decade

Maupassant had successfully written 300 short stories, 6 novels, and 3 travel books

A lot of his stories were about “inexplicable, illogical, and contradictory catastrophes
”.

Guy De Maupassant is one of the most indispensable authors of French Literature, thanks to his many great short stories, such as,

The Necklace
”.

Madame Mathilde

Protagonist (Hero)
Round Character
Motivation (Dynamic)
Sympathetic or Unsympathetic?
French Meaning: "Strength in Battle" from Matilda

Madame Forestier
Flat Character
Motivation (Static)
Reflects Theme
Time
1844 - Mid 1800s
Place
Paris, France
Loisel's Lower Middle Class Apartment
Mansion of the Ministry of Education
Environment
Cold and Dark atmosphere evokes
feelings of emptiness and despair
Story Overview
Madame Loisel dreams of a better life in her simple apartment. She is unhappy and dissatisfied with her social status.
Monsieur Loisel surprises his wife with an invitation to a party, expecting delight
Mme. refuses to attend until she has something suitable to wear. She borrows a diamond necklace from her friend Mme. Forestier. Mme. Loisel lavishly enjoys the party.
However, she loses the necklace after the party. For the next ten years, the Loisels work to pay off money for a replacement worth several thousand francs.
Mme. Loisel eventually meets Mme. Forestier again and tells her about the lost necklace. Mme. Forestier reveals the necklace is worth only 500 francs.

Characters
Monsieur Loisel
Round Character
Motivation (Static)
Moves the Plot Forward
“The revelation (more than ‘ironic reversal’) of the ending isn't so much a single point whose removal would change the entire story (as in ‘The Necklace’), as it is a final confirmation of an explanation toward which the story has already pointed”
Allen, Glen Scott. "Maupassant and the American Short Story: The Influence of Form at the
Turn of the Century." Studies in Short Fiction 33.2 (1996): 307-9. ProQuest. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.

"This story by Guy de Maupassant is clearly an indictment of class distinction in his time that kept many men and women in eternal frustration by setting barriers in their efforts of associating with whom they admired."
Fonseka, Gamini. “THE NECKLACE by Guy de Maupassant: A Critique of Class-Consciousness.” academia.edu. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.

The Moral Lesson
"It took her ten years to pay off the debt, and when she did, she ran into her old friend and found out the necklace was costume jewelry. In 'The Necklace', Maupassant uses situational irony to show that wealth is not always monetary."
The moral lesson to be learned from
"
The Necklace
" is that
-
A person will pay dearly for coveting false values
-
A person's preoccupation with appearance and materialism is fruitless and vain.
-
It's important to live within one's means -
-
The story teaches us not to borrow things or money unnecessarily.
-
It is also not wise to live a pretentious life, life not for us.
-
It's not wise to put a wall between you and people just for show.
Johnson, Aisha. “A LITERARY ANALYSIS of ‘THE NECKLACE.’” Humanities 420. University of Maryland, 2002. Web. 21. Feb. 2015

+
Like the cut-glass gems in the necklace for which the story "The Necklace" is named, Madame Loisel’s life is a fraud. She places no value on her humble existence, her husband, her station in life, and instead only finds contentment in dreams of glamor and refinement. Her story is a cautionary tale that superficial luxuries and pleasantries aren’t always what they seem. The dogged pursuit of these can leave you empty in the end.
Miller, Rudy. “Literary Analysis of the Theme in "The Necklace" by Maupassant.” seattlepi. Web. 21 Feb. 2015.

Learning Activity:
In Groups of

six people
Write a
found poem

by using details from a story, analyzing evidence, and discovering a theme.



A
found poem
is created by using exact quotes from the story to make a poem.
NOTE:
There will be a for the best group
prize
Q1. What does Mathilde wish that she was?

A. Married
B. Dead
C. Wealthy
D. In the land of cotton

Q2. In which department does M. Loisel work?

A. The Department of Education
B. The Department of Internal Affairs
C. The Department of Defense
D. The Department of Fish and Wildlife and How Best to Prepare Them

Q3. What does M. Loisel offer to buy for Mathilde?

A. A necklace
B. A purse
C. The box set of How I Met Your Mother
D. A dress

Q4. Why does Mathilde visit Mme. Forestier?

A. To ask if she may marry her son
B. To borrow jewelry
C. To ask for a job
D. To borrow a cup of sugar and 400 francs

Q5. What reception does Mathilde get at the ball?

A. Everyone loves her
B. She is shunned
C. Pretty bad, no matter how much she tries to adjust the rabbit ears
D. No one notices her


`Twists' at the end of short stories are no longer in vogue, and the twist at the end of The Necklace has achieved a certain notoriety, unfairly in my view, since the diamond necklace's falseness is partly foreshadowed in the story… In any event, a revelation that can illuminate a whole story retrospectively should never be despised.
Evans, John. "The Tales of Two Masters of Storytelling." Sunday Mail: 17. May 13 2001. ProQuest. Web. 21 Feb. 2015


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“Be who you are and say what you feel,
because those who mind don't matter,
and those who matter don't mind.”
― Bernard M. Baruch
Full transcript