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Transcript of MagLev Trains
By The Southwest Group
Franklin Tang, Crystal Scott, Pamela Trevino, Kayleigh Mann, Gino Gerard
Over the years, human beings have built various types of transportation and have pursued a simple idea: Fast and efficient. While airplanes dominate the skies with their speed, trains have become less popular because they are one of the slower forms of locomotion. But all that may change, thanks to the MagLev.
What is a MagLev Train?
MagLev is short for magnetic levitation, which means these trains can float over a guideway using the basic principles of magnets to replace the old steel wheel and track trains.
The big difference between a MagLev and a conventional train is that MagLev trains do not have an engine, at least not the kind of engine used to pull typical train cars along steel tracks.
Instead of using fossil fuels, the magnetic field created by the electrified coils in the guideway walls and the track combine to propel the train.
The magnetized coil running along the track, called a guideway, repels the large magnets on the train's undercarriage, allowing the train to levitate between 0.39 and 3.93 inches (1 to 10 cm) above the guideway. Once the train is levitated, power is supplied to the coils within the guideway walls to create a unique system of magnetic fields that pull and push the train along the guideway.
Maglev trains float on a cushion of air, eliminating friction. This lack of friction and the trains' aerodynamic designs allow these trains to reach unprecedented ground transportation speeds of more than 310 mph(500 kph), or twice as fast as Amtrak's fastest commuter train. Developers say that MagLev trains will eventually link cities that are up to 1,000 miles (1,609 km) apart. At 310 mph, you could travel from Paris to Rome in just over two hours. The Maglev train can hold about 440 people.
How does the MagLev Track work?
Fossil Fuel & Biomass
Our Energy Choice
Hydroelectricity is a renewable source of energy that is the what electricity generated from hydropower is called. Hydroelectricity comes from the flow of water turning turbines to generate electricity. Hydroelectricity consists of 16 percent of the worlds electricity generation. Hydroelectricity is usually produced around sources of moving water, and is not common around landlocked areas.
*Renewable because it uses the Earth’s water cycle to generate electricity
*Moving water causes kinetic energy that turns turbines to generate electricity
*Is generated at dams
*Is dependant on water levels and
*Reliable and stable
*Building dams damages the environment
*Costs a lot to build dams
*Uneffective in droughts
The energy released during nuclear fission when used to generate electricity is called nuclear energy. Nuclear energy is produced naturally and in man-made operations under human control.
Naturally: Some nuclear energy is produced naturally. For example, the Sun and other stars make heat and light by nuclear reactions.
Man-Made: Nuclear energy can be man-made too. Machines called nuclear reactors, parts of nuclear power plants, provide electricity for many cities. Man-made nuclear reactions also occur in the explosion of atomic and hydrogen bombs.
Biomass is carbon based and is composed of a mixture of organic molecules containing hydrogen, usually including atoms of oxygen, often nitrogen and also small quantities of other atoms, including alkali, alkaline earth and heavy metals.
Fossil fuels are hydrocarbons, primarily coal, fuel oil and nautural gas, formed from the remains of dead plants and animals.
Solar Power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity. We use many, many solar panels to use the sun’s energy. In some places, there are even solar trashcans! Solar energy is not a first priority, but it is mostly reliable. Some people are using it for plants. Air conditioning is the best source for solar energy. Solar pannels are quite big and go on your roof, most of the time. A negative thing is that having a solar panneled roof is that you need many acres of land. So if you want Solar power, you have to convince EVERYONE else around you this it's great too.
Our States: California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico
*Lower carbon dioxide (and other greenhouse gases) released into the atmosphere in power generation.
*Known, developed technology “ready” for market.
*Existing and future nuclear waste can be reduced through waste recycling and reprocessing, similar to Japan and the EU (at added cost).
*High construction costs due to complex radiation containment systems and procedures.
*High-known risks in an accident.
*Long construction time.
When wind blows past a turbine, the blades catch the energy and rotate. This triggers an internal shaft to spin, causing a gearbox to increase the speed of the rotation. This is connected to a generator which produces electricity. Wind energy has drastically increased since the beginning of the 21st century because of it being better for the environment. In Southwest USA, the average annual wind amount is huge, but there are some downsides about this renewable form of energy.
*Does not cause pollution
*More wind supply than the human population will ever need
*Wind turbines are space efficient
*People think turbines are noisy and ugly
*People don't want turbines near their homes
*Can kill wildlife such as birds
The source we think best suits our demands is solar energy because it is very abundent in the southwest area of the U.S.A.
We plan to design solar cells that store a portion of the energy they collect allowing the train to run in cloudy weather or at night.
*made locally with minimum cost
*doesn’t rely on fossil fuel
*large areas of land are needed to create enough electricity to make biomass efficient
*the geography of a country limits the types of biomass used to create energy.
Fossil Fuels are...
*well developed, cheap, and reliable
*contribute to global warming
California: Los Angeles
Population: 3857799 (2000)
Area: 469.1 Sq Miles
Nevada: Las Vegas
Population: 561641 (2009)
Area 131.3 Sq Miles
Population: 1445632 (2012)
Area: 516.7 Sq Miles
New Mexico: Albuquerque
Population: 555417 (2012)
Area: 181.3 Sq Miles
Utah: Salt Lake City
Population 189314 (2012)
Area: 109.1 Sq Miles
Population: 634265 (2012)
Area: 154.9 Sq Miles
Our City Populations
Smartgrid is a system that gives us power. They have electrical lines that give us electricity. The lines' original place comes from a factory. They give us power-lines that attach the electrical lines that give us power at home. Smartgrid is a very reliable system that hopes to be a worldwide known company that produces energy for us all. Before SmartGrid, there was only a one-way interaction. With it today, we can have both sides interating and we can control everything electronically on a computer.
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http://www.solarcity.com/states/co/colorado.aspx - Kayleigh: Denver
http://www.lasolarenergy.com/ - Kayleigh: LA
http://www.luminalt.com/ - Kayleigh: SF
http://utsolar.org/index.php/directory/ - Kayleigh: Salt Lake City
http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20130409/BUSINESS/304090008/Fort-Collins-based-Advanced-Energy-buys-German-solar-company - Kayleigh: Fort Collins
http://www.solarcity.com/pressreleases/169/solarcity-to-expand-to-nevada.aspx - Kayleigh: LV
http://www.bluepacificsolar.com/solar-energy/san-jacinto-solar-companies.html - Kayleigh: San Jacinto
http://positiveenergysolar.com/ - Kayleigh:
http://www.dwelltek.com/ - Kayleigh: Springville
http://energyinformative.org/wind-energy-pros-and-cons/ -Crystal: Wind Energy
http://www.rapidtables.com/web/color/RGB_Color.htm -Crystal: COLOR MAKER FOR PREZI!!! :)
https://www.google.com/search?tbs=sbi:AMhZZivYlFgg4xVNQHwIe1oAlANPDQf8PVlOnlzKK59Fv_1Jm5TzLrE0z7k_1XPydZY5LSA9UF2cY4MJsOXjhMgUgKOdYGC4uwSovMN6y4xGss85S1pgx_1geKZcgQuIabMHBitxXHXEY1lnwmupyoOfX4fw2TzIoPutWxbfI-u-XMUPgaBKLR5r8_1KfQt2_12Y8hlVrVVix69Tx7Eyj7hzDmBd1znU1i83bpgx3yigbKiuKagA2XI-HPoInTL4Pg3gENKAt8PNkZMINI_1Jj2AHP67YPuJYv6j47Y6Ny-2zZyqqXT9LuiQZ4Oq3nCMEmkdhyjup3_1I0n5jPEf4ZcmpRPwfnJGCQUe9WpcFTUXHg4LWI0-sMS-MN_1Y8yuU5ENrhuGbXSxrIp6Ra1kd7JhiXk2JwJFmvOk-mUKUhhZ6vYYDLnxudChC8fvCay4kVukjUZapEuTOSnf72CoW9bdO-Ru_1QVMwsw6rfVSesMHVyGczr52TQMSeXm1C2FJG5DWzHdKXP_10YOyn-F7ZGF4Zjvdhr7zK79_1TeE_1UDPixZbroRC2NovCo_1JPr33YPraEsI8TBWFjO3CQ8Mm7UH_1lEBuUCbq_19PbSj0Sink88tG6pvCo8ksXyMHcYHenGO_1P9p4FSWEizCzAdlnWKaHmwzANTtf8Lv3JyDssREaOvvQUoZ21xAHOwrYzClrZx3J5mRhbdhvpN2Ee1bDkSnk_1Ubc0d7wAXa2037O6Tp0wWWE0NMqm5HTUJFaDVZdNG8ocZVvb2XjO1JoTMK-CZY0E_1zMAvEvvzp9jKICfLkgEtV8aIaw_1hoBW5u6Lg4_1l98wTAKuZ932zvuZiSeYebJo9BeWaabWpszvoyla8I4G77y_1KykpBfLCbwtbgRcXDZHQuHS2L-siPT1HkxXGSH2&btnG=Search%20by%20image - Kayleigh Map Image
*Renewable, abundent, sustainable
*Doesn't take up much space
*After buying solar pannels, the electricity is free
*Not animal harming
*Expensive, 1000 per panel
*Requires lots of space
Over 400km per hour!!!
Blue= Major Hubs
Salt Lake City
When Maglev trains will be built, the cost will be $0.3 per passenger!