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The Id, Ego, and Superego in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

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Alexsenia Ralat

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of The Id, Ego, and Superego in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

The Id, Ego, and Superego in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Kaleb, Isaac, and Alexsenia
Id
For those of you that don't know, id is the part of the unconscious human personality that is based off of instincts. Its goal is to find pleasure and avoid pain. It has now qualms against harming another human being for pleasure, nor does it mind going against proper social behavior. The Id does not feel guilty for getting what it wants. In Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Hyde would be seen as the Dr.'s id.
Superego
The Superego is the learned conscience of the personality. Described as a representative of the beliefs and rules imposed on you by your culture. As such the Superego is not necessarily good or evil it is simply the values of society represented in your sub conscience. It is often the voice in your head that lends to moral opinions depending on your cultural background and surroundings. The learned behavior of superego is essential to assimilate into normal society and to satisfy the human need for belonging in a group.
Thesis Statement
This book although written before Sigmund Freud's Theory of Mind, represents it almost perfectly. This theory states that the mind consists of three drives, the id, the ego, and the superego. They all keep each other in check. It also represents the repercussions of having an imbalanced personality. In this case the ego and superego crushed the needs and desires of the Id to a breaking point driving Dr. Jekyll to near madness. The sickly appearance and slight stature of Mr. Hyde may represent the trampled upon Id of Jekyll. When the Id (Mr.Hyde) was finally given free reign, Dr. Jekyll became unbalanced and troubled. His ego (himself) worked to keep the Id in check while the society (superego) worked to keep both parts of Jekyll's personality in check.
Ego
Ego is the portion of your personality that is in contact with the external world. Ego is the part of you that remembers, evaluates, plans, and is responsive to and acts in the surrounding world. Ego senses and adapts to the outside world. In other words, Ego is the mediator between what id wants and what the outside world tells you to do. Ego compromises so that id is satisfied in a way that will not upset Superego.
How it relates to Jekyll and Hyde.
The Id in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
The ego in Dr. Jekyll and Mr.Hyde
Mr. Hyde is the perfect id. By definition, the id is driven by pure instinct, feeling no remorse about its actions whether they be good or bad. As described by Dr. Jekyll, Mr. Hyde " animal within me," which goes along with the theory that the Id runs on instinct, wanting everything for itself and not caring if it harms others in the process of acquiring what it wants. Mr. Hyde barrels through people and murder's people just to get small things, or to get back at Dr. Jekyll.
In The curious case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde the Superego is represented by the strict expectations placed on nobles in Victorian Era society. The expectation of people in England at the time was to suppress desires that seemed unholy, vulgar or rude Dr Jekyll is haunted by his Superego's expectations of him and creates a potion that allows his Id to take control so that he can escape the nagging of his conscience.
Dr. Jekyll is the ego in the book. He is the ego because he creates the concoction that turns him into Mr. Hyde but when he changes back into Dr. Jekyll he does good deeds such as donating to charity and inviting his friends over all the time. Like the ego, he satisfies the id's need for pleasure then does morally upstanding acts to satisfy the superego's need to be perfect in the eyes of the outside world.
Representation
In Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde the Superego is represented by the high expectations placed on Gentlemen in London During the Victorian Era. The belief at the time was that earthly desires such as lust or even as basic as hunger were to be constricted because it was designated unbecoming of a Christian Gentleman to Have such desires
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