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Teaching and Learning in the PYP
Transcript of Teaching and Learning in the PYP
We want student learning to transcend the confines of traditional academic disciplines. To achieve this, a balance is struck between knowledge and skills, development of conceptual understanding, demonstrating positive attitudes, and taking responsible action. Teaching and Learning In the PYP Knowledge What do we want students to know about?
While the teaching of individual subjects is necessary, PYP feels it is insufficient. Students need to acquire skills in context, make connections across content, apply skills across content, and explore content that is relevant to them. This is achieved by organizing the curriculum under six transdisciplinary themes that represent human commonalities: Knowledge Skills What do we want students to be able to do?
The PYP identifies 5 skills that transcend all aspects of the curriculum: . Within each skill set there are a variety of abilities the PYP strives to develop in young learners. These skills provide students with the tools for inquiry. Developing Conceptual
Understanding The PYP is a concept-driven curriculum that supports inquiry.Concepts support an in-depth understanding of important ideas over memorization of isolated facts and skill practice that lacks context for future use. Action in the PYP Something that makes the Internationale Baccalaureate PYP curriculum stand apart from other primary school programs is the emphasis on action. Students don't simply learn skills, concepts, and ideas; they have to know how to use everything they learn. Action in the PYP does not stand by itself. Action is part of an ongoing process where students reflect upon what they have learned, they make choices and then act upon those reflections and then reflect upon those actions. Transdisciplinary themes are addressed through
units of inquiry. In these inquiries student question and learn about local and global issues. The learning outcome is further defined by
the central idea. Lines of inquiry are identified to define the
scope of the central idea. Making the PYP Happen: A curriculum framework for international primary education (p20-23)
http://occ.ibo.org/ibis/documents/pyp/p_0_pypxx_mph_ 0912_2_e.pdf Making the PYP Happen: A curriculum framework for international primary education p15-20
http://occ.ibo.org/ibis/documents/pyp/p_0_pypxx_mph_ 0912_2_e.pdf 1. Who we are
2. Where we are in place and time
3. How we express ourselves
4. How the world works
5. How we organize ourselves
6. Sharing the planet Key Concepts
8. Reflection Parents, what skills, abilities, qualities, and characteristics do you want your children to have as they
begin their adult life, five, ten, fifteen years from now? Form: What is it like?
helps develop the ability to observe,
identify, describe and categorize
Function: How does it work?
helps develop the ability to analyze
function, role and behavior
Causation: Why is it like it is?
helps develop the ability to ask Why?
and to see that actions and events
have reasons and consequences
Change: How is it changing?
helps develop international-mindedness
because of the rapidly accelerating pace
of change in today's world What does this look like in the classroom? The PYP Exhibition The PYP Exhibition is the ultimate way for students to take action and show just what they have learned during their years in the PYP. The Exhibition is a student-led project that focuses, not just on the end result, but on the process as a whole. The PYP school chooses the central theme and the students go from there to build their exhibition. Students must incorporate all six transdisciplinary themes and use skills from all five sets of transdisciplinary skills in their exhibition. Why is the Exhibition so important? The PYP Exhibition is completed in the final year of PYP usually between ages of 10-12.
The PYP Exhibition allows students the opportunity to work collaboratively, prove independence and take responsibility for their own learning.
The PYP Exhibition allows students to reflect upon their years in the PYP and apply that learning in order to assess student understanding of PYP curriculum.
The PYP Exhibition unites the entire school community (students, teachers, parents, etc) in a collaborative experience which incorporates all essential elements of the PYP.
The PYP Exhibition is a celebration of transition from PYP to MYP. Appreciation
Empathy Attitudes Appreciation: appreciating the wonder and beauty of the world and its people
Commitment: being committed to their learning, preserving and showing self-discipline and responsibility
Confidence: feeling confident in their ability as learners, having the courage to take risks, applying what they have learned and making appropriate decisions
Cooperation: cooperating, collaborating and leading or following as the situation demands
Creativity: being creative and imaginative in their thinking and in their approach to problems and dilemmas
Curiosity: being curious about the nature of learning and the world, its people and cultures
Empathy: imaginatively projecting themselves into another's situation, in order to understand his/her thoughts, reasoning and emotions
Enthusiasm: enjoying learning
Independence: thinking and acting independently, making their own judgments based on reasoned principles and being able to defend their judgments
Integrity: having integrity and a firm sense of fairness and honesty
Respect: respecting themselves, others and the world around them
Tolerance: feeling sensitivity towards differences and diversity in the world and being responsive to the needs of others Definitions of Attitudes Each skill is further broken down further The 5 Skills
1. Social skills
2. Communication skills
3. Thinking skills
4. Research skills
5. Self-management skills Thinking skill: synthesis The accompanying concept questions
give students a tool which they can use
for personal inquiries and independent
research increasing the depth of their
understanding and the breadth of their
knowledge. Here's what some parents said! Teaching and Learning In the PYP by
Deb Connection: How is it connected to other things?
help develop the idea that everything
exists as part of a system and that changes
to one part may have consequences
Perspective: What are the points of view?
helps develop the need to hear and
consider others' points of view
Responsibility: What is our responsibility?
helps develop the idea of knowing what to
do and taking action to do it
Reflection: How do we know?
helps develop the ideas the evidence,
methods, and conclusions must be
examined for bias and inaccuracy Attitudes help develop the Learner Profile attributes What is International Baccalaureate and why are we looking into it?
An interactive presentation retrieved January 19, 2013 from http://fc.mvsd.k12.nh.us/ibpresentation International Baccalaureate Online Curriculum Center, Opening Classroom Doors All for One and One for All Taught Curriculum retrieved January 18, 2013 from http://professionaldevelopment.ibo.org/ocd/all-one-and-one-all/taught retrieved January 21, 2013 from http://teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=182132