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TOK: Music & Emotions

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by

Anushree Gopal

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of TOK: Music & Emotions

To What Extent Do The Sounds We Hear Affect Our
Emotional State?
TOK Presentation: Music & Emotion
Anushree Gopal & Gi'Anna Donaldson
?
Music
Music is
"vocal or instrumental sounds (or both) combined in such a way as to produce beauty of form, harmony, and expression of emotion"
"a sound perceived as pleasingly harmonious"
Genres
- Tempo & Beats
- Instruments
- Lyrics
Genre: Categorization of music by similarities in form, style, or subject matter.
- Classical
- Jazz
- Metal
- Pop
- Rock
- Blues
- Folk
- Country
Music affects nature
We are a part of nature
Therefore, Music affects us!
Cultures
Judging Music
Frequency + Experiments
Natural Sounds
HOW MUSIC AFFECTS US!

Music evokes certain emotions and thoughts within us.
Due to the excitement of emotions there are sometimes physical effects.
Can also be used as a coping mechanism.

2
2 Ways to Judge Music:
Objectively
Melody
Harmony
Rhythm
Dynamic
Timbre
Subjectively

HALLOWEEN HAUNTED HOUSE MUSIC
Folk Music
The music is simple
Not many musicians are required
The use unusual or native instruments
Dance is associated with this music
This music is often played outside.
And the musicians are often not professionals

Frequency plays an important role

Frequency: number of oscillations or vibrations of a wave per second (Hz)

Frequency is directly related to pitch

High pitched music - metal (complex feelings)
Low pitched music - classical (simple feelings)

Different types of frequencies evoke different feelings
Studies show:
different genres for different tasks

Musical Therapy:
different parts of brain are affected allowing musical therapy
Humans: 20 - 20,000 Hz
Cities
Country
Traffic

Nature: Birds
Mountains & Oceans
Water
Wind
&
Other Sounds
Nature - can be scary (thunder)
trains
animals

Bibliography
http://www.musictherapy.org/about/musictherapy/
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/natural-standard/201306/music-therapy-health-and-wellness
http://kidsmusiccorner.co.uk/types/folk-music/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XhPQ6GPa6N s
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zkKp3GhumO 8
http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2012/06/26/how-music-impacts-helps-our-emotions/)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology_of_music_preference
http://www.musicworks-hifi.com/music-based-performance-evaluation/
http://objectivistanswers.com/questions/126/how-does-one-judge-music-as-good-or-bad
Emotions - Happiness -Sadness - Surprise - Disgust - Fear - Anger
Full transcript