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The Cold War

This is a project for my Modern World History class.

Logan Pope

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of The Cold War

Intense rivalry that developed after World War II between Communist and non-Communist nations. It was characerized by mutual suspicion, mistrust, and misunderstanding between the United States and the Soviet Union, and their allies. The nations split, the United states and it's allies became known as the Western bloc, and the Soviet Union became the Eastern bloc. The people were frightened, they thought that the dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union would cause a third world war. In 1946, the Soviet Union cut off almost all contacts between the west and the occupied territories of the Eastern Europe. Winston Churchill refered to this as the Iron Curtain. The fear between the two nations had many effects. Like McCarthyism. Joseph Raymond McCarthy (1908-1957) United States senator from Wisconsin. One of the most controversial figures in American politics. Conducted several public investigations of communist influence on U.S foreign policy. Accused The Department of State of harboring Communists Accused the Eisenhower administration of treason This dispute also led to other events. One of these is the Berlin Wall. The Wall Of Berlin Built in 1961 to divide the two parts of the city of Berlin - Communist East Berlin and non-Communist West Berlin. Built by the Soviet Union to stop East Germans from emigrating to the West. Widespread demands for more freedom in East Germany resulted in an end to the restrictions. East Germans began to tear down the wall in November 1989. A system of heavily fortified barriers about 26 miles long. It included a wall of massive concrete slabs from 12 to 15 feet in height. Pipes, barbed wire, and other obstacles were attached to the top of much of the wall. The East Berlin side had barbed wire, electric alarms, armed guards, mines, guard dogs, and trenches. The Cold War The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The worlds first and most powerful Communist country. (1922 - 1991) Created in 1922 when Russia joined with three other territories under the name Union of Soviet socialist Republics. The Union republics were Armenia, Azerbaijan, Byelorussia, Estonia,Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirghiz, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldavia, Russia, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. At its height, the Soviet Union was an industrial titan, ranking second after the United States in total production. Life in a Communist country Housing shortages forced some families to share space and kitchen or bathroom facilities with other families. The government kept prices low so there were often shortages in all kinds of goods. Stores often had extremely long lines of shoppers because of shortages in consumer goods. Communists of the U.S.S.R strongly promoted education of its citizens. The U.S.S.R attempted to control all artistic expression. Only an art style called socialist realism was permitted. Socialist realism was an art style that emphasized the goals and benefits of Soviet socialism. Communists take over Eastern Europe.
(1946 - 1948) Truman Doctrine announced by the United States
(1947) Berlin blockade set up by Soviet union
(1948 - 1949) NATO pact signed by 12 countries
(1949) Communists win control of China
(1949) Korean war - First use of UN troops in battle
(1950 - 1953) Death of Stalin alters Cold War
(1953) Summit conference held at Geneva
(1955) Soviet Union downs U-2 spy plane
(1960) German communists build Berlin Wall
(1961) Castro announces he is a communist
(1961) United States bombs bases in North Vietnam
(1964) Communists win Vietnam war
(1975) Soviet Union invades Afghanistan
(1979) Communist rule comes to an end in several eastern European countries.
(1989) Bibliography! The World Book - 2009 edition wikis.nyu.edu/ek6/modernamerica/index.php/Reform/ReligionAndTheColdWar www.photobucket.com Conclusion The events of the Cold War had great influence on the modern world. The Truman doctrine promised support to all countries suffering from communist opression. The first use of the UN troops in battle occured in the Korean war. The events of the Cold War helped shape the world we live in today.
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