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The Power of Hope

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Mary Seymour

on 19 March 2014

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Transcript of The Power of Hope

The Power of
Hope

having hope
believing in your self
being a person, not a diagnosis
living a purposeful life
10 Fundamental Components of Recovery *
self-direction
individualized
empowerment
holistic
nonlinear
strengths-based
peer support
respect
responsibility
hope
Do People Recover From Mental Illness?
Recovery research tells us that, given the right combination of attitudes and supports, people can fully recover from mental illness.
~Dan Fisher, PhD, MD
*
Consensus Statement on Mental Health Recovery, US Dept of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Hope is the thing with feathers.
~ Emily Dickinson
team meetings
What is
hope?
Hope
, in its simplest form, is the inner knowledge
that one has the ability to
set and pursue goals
,
as well as to
solve problems
all along the way.

~ Diane McDermott, C.R. Snyder, Making Hope Happen
We must accept finite disappointment,
~ Martin Luther King, Jr.
but we must never lose infinite hope.
Quotes from clients
~ Arabian proverb
He who has hope has everything.
HOPE
Recovery provides the essential and motivating message of a better future--that people can and do overcome the barriers and obstacles that confront them. Hope is internalized; but can be fostered by peers, families, friends, providers, and others.

Hope is the catalyst of the recovery process.
National Consensus Statement on Mental Health Recovery
US Department of Health and Human Services
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Hope
, in its simplest form, is the inner knowledge
that one has the ability to
set and pursue goals
,
as well as to
solve problems
all along the way.
Diane McDermott & C. R. Snyder
Making Hope Happen
noun
A feeling of expectation and desire for a certain thing to happen.
verb
To want something to happen or be the case: He's hoping for compensation; I hope that the kids are okay.
synonyms
noun:
expectation - expectancy - expectance - trust - promise
verb:
trust - expect - anticipate
hope
Social scientists suggest that hope involves
the perception that
one's goals can be met
.
We are inherently
goal-oriented
as we think about our futures. Psychotherapist Alfred Adler said, "We cannot think, feel, will, or act without the perception of a
goal
."
In his book
The Psychology of Hope
, C. R. Snyder writes, "Hope is a learned way of thinking about oneself in relation to
goals
."
Hope is NOT unrealistic optimism.
Childhood shapes the level of hope you have as an adult.
Children's early transactions with obstacles form the
foundation of a hopeful mindset.
Example: If a child is struggling to build a block tower, what would you do?
Hope is a relatively enduring mindset
established in most people by age 20.
Erik Erikson's First Stage of Psychosocial Development
Basic trust vs. basic mistrust
Infants develop continuity and dependability about their environment if they have quality relationships with primary caregivers during the first two years. The infant's major task during year one is to answer the question:
Do I trust or mistrust the world?
Children trust the world as a good place if inventive primary caregivers meet their needs for contact and caring.
According to Erikson,
hope
results as a child adopts a sense of trust rather than mistrust during this critical phase. Secure attachment to a caregiver provides the infant with a model for effective goal-related activities.
How
neglect
affects hope

Children don't obtain basic instruction in hopeful thinking
The essential hoping process never comes to life in their minds
Research shows that neglected children are
more passive and apathetic
less enthusiastic and flexible

How abuse affects hope

The abused infant is subjected to assaults from the very caregiver who provides human contact
Rather than being a source of stability and support, the caregiver's feedback shuts down the developing infant's goal-directed thinking
The abused toddler is preoccupied with avoiding the caregiver's onslaught
Hopeful thinking is literally beaten down
Low-hope thinking
The future is scary because it keeps tumbling down with one unwanted outcome after another.
The world is frightening because bad stuff might happen to me at any moment.
I have no control over my life.
What little energy I have goes toward protecting myself from further loss.
High-hope thinking
I have a range of objectives for different parts of my life.
I don't put all my eggs in one basket.
I set difficult goals for myself.
If one solution doesn't work, I'll find another.
I know that hard times will pass.
I think of goals as welcome challenges that are a regular part of life.
I put my attention on my task, not on my self.
I get immersed in my activities and energized by what's happening.
High-hope
offspring said
their parents...
were emotionally supportive
comforted them
expressed pride in them
were dependable
could be counted on if they had a problem
encouraged taking responsibilities
taught them to think of things as
challenges rather than failures
taught them how to minimize the
negative things that happened
said that when things got tough, they
shouldn't worry so much
Kindling hope in adults
The more people you have in your life who are high in hope, the
greater the chance that you will also have high hope.
Fostering hope is not about learning a new type of thinking but becoming more conscious of how and what you are thinking.
To learn hopeful thinking, you don't have to spend your time undoing present counterproductive thoughts. In many instances, learning hopeful thinking simply overtakes negative thinking.
Examine your
personal hope history
Hope is learned. What hope message did your family model ?
1. Start with your earliest memories.
2. As you write your history, provide memories of significant events
at different stages of your life.
3. Reread your history and note what lessons in hope you learned
from each experience.
4. Recall stories you may have heard from parents, grandparents, or other
family members.
5. Write these family stories, then examine the general themes they
depict and the messages conveyed.
6. Think about how these messages have influenced your life.
The Hope Scale
Read each item carefully. Using the scale below, please select the number the best describes you and put that number in the blank provided.
1
Definitely false
2
Mostly false
3
Mostly true
4
Definitely true
___ 1. I energetically pursue my goals.
___ 2. I can think of many ways to get out of a jam.
___ 3. My past experiences have prepared me well for the future.
___ 4. There are lots of ways around any problem.
___ 5. I've been pretty successful in life.
___ 6. I can think of many ways to get the things in life that are
most important to me.
___ 7. I meet the goals I see for myself.
___8. Even when others get discouraged, I know I can find a way
to solve the problem.
24 = average amount of hope
above 24 = you usually think hopefully
below 24 = you may not consistently be hopeful
scoring
Goal Assessment Exercise
Identify a goal you have had recently. Describe the steps you went through as you worked for it. (The goal need not have been achieved.)
The roadblocks I encountered were
The methods I used to cope with these roadblocks were
The thoughts I had as I worked for the goal were
The outcome was
What kind of goals are most conducive to
hopeful thinking?
Goals that meet the client's own standards
Goals of others in similar circumstances
NOT the goals that other people set for the client
Goal Shopping
1. List important areas in your life
i.e., relationship, work, leisure, spiritual, fitness, eating
2. Generate several appealing goals in each area
Don't compare or evaluate goals; just try to include as many as possible
3. Take out your shopping list after a week or so. Now
rework the list, adding or deleting goals. Try to
increase the number of goals in each area of your life.
4. Increase the possibilities by trying the "why not"
exercise: Imagine some goals that feel a little
far-fetched, maybe even a little uncomfortable. After
coming up with these, ask yourself, "Why not?"
Clarify your goals
General
Spend more time with children
Clear
(low-hope thinking involves vague goals)
General
Eat better
Clear
General
Be more social
Clear
Dealing with Impediments
Realize that life throws obstacles in all our paths.
Don't wallow in self-pity and assume you are alone.
Use self talk such as "This happens to everyone," "I'm not the only person to run into this challenge."
Stop being surprised by barriers.
Look to see if there is a pattern to these barriers.
When you encounter a barrier, use self-talk to regulate your emotions: Relax and clear your mind, take a few deep breaths, tell yourself, "I am upset but I'm in control."
Find humor in the circumstances.
Recall previous successes.
Abandon the original blocked goal and replace it with a new one.
Find multiple routes to a goal.
sustain hope in an invidual after therapy or peer support has ended,
emphasize that positive, goal-directed changes have occurred because
the client
made them work
To
V
i
s
i
o
n

Boards

What you'll need
poster board
scissors
big stack of magazines
pens, paints (optional)
vision and hope
According to
Hope Theory
, hope consists of
agency
and
pathways
. The person who has hope has the will and determination that goals will be achieved, and a set of different strategies at their disposal to reach their goals.
Put simply: hope involves the
will to get there
,
and
different ways to get there
.
(pathways)
(agency)

Those lacking hope tend to adopt mastery goals.
People with mastery goals choose easy tasks that don't offer a challenge.
When they fail, they quit.
They don't believe in their capacity to obtain the kind of future they want.
Hope
is different from
self-efficacy
and
optimism.
Self-efficacy
= belief that you can master a domain
Optimism
= general expectation that everything will be all right
Philip R. Magaletta and J. M. Oliver measured hope, self-efficacy, and optimism and found that...
hope
stood head and shoulders
above the other two.

Created by Mary Seymour, MS, LPCA, NCC, CPSS
Copyright 2013

Mental Health Association in Greensboro
330 S. Greene St., Suite B12
Greensboro, NC 27401
336.373.1402 | www.mhag.org
Full transcript