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European Languages

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by

Clea Hannahs

on 5 October 2013

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Transcript of European Languages

Many languages in Europe are related. Scientist have found that diverse languages like English, Russian, and Hindi have the same root words that date back 8,000 years! You might think that English, Dutch, Spanish, Russian, Greek, and Hindi are nothing alike, but they actually have a lot in common.
How many people are multi-lingual?
History of English
How Languages are Related
What Languages are Spoken
How Many People use European Languages
Where English is spoken
Where German is spoken
Where French is spoken
Where Italian is spoken
Where Spanish is spoken
Where Polish is spoken
Where Russian is spoken
This map shows the first languages learned by modern native people. In North and South America Indo-European languages are dominant because of European nations made colonies and their languages took over. This also happened in Australia and New Zealand. In Africa the native languages remained.
The seven maps show where and how many people speak a European language. There is a map for the common languages of Europe.

Many in Eastern Europe speak German as well as their native languages. Lots of different languages are used in Great Britain. Italian and Spanish are spoken all over the place but it is not as common in these places. French is a very common language all across Europe. It depends upon how you define the boundaries of Europe. In these maps, Russian is not a native language, but it is spoken throughout Europe especially in the Baltic countries. The Baltic countries have their own native languages.
This a Venn diagram that shows three alphabets of used in European languages. The upper right circle is Roman alphabet which is used by almost all European languages. The bottom circle is the Cyrillic alphabet which is used by Russian. The top left is the Greek alphabet which is used by Greeks. The intersections show what letters are used in common by combinations of these three alphabets.
The tree shows how the Indo-European languages evolved from each other and split into similar languages. The Indo-Irani languages are not native languages to Europe, but are related in history.
There are three main divisions of the most common European languages: Germanic, Romance (Latin) and Slavic.
There are a lot of languages in Great Britain that are not closely related to English, but are related each other.
There are four language families in Europe. The biggest family is Indo-European. The second big one is Finno-Ugric. This family includes Finnish and Hungarian, which is strange because these countries are so far apart. The Turkic family just barely included in Europe. Turkish is in this family. Basque is a language that is spoken by a small proportion of Europeans and is not related to any of the other languages. It is a really old language, older than the Indo-European ones.
The English language has roots in the Celtic language. Which was then influenced by Latin due to the Roman Empire conquering part of Great Britain. The Anglo-Saxons who came from Germany and Denmark and the Vikings from Scandinavia invaded Great Britain and changed the language spoken there. This is why English is called a Germanic language. But then the Normans invaded in 1066 and they spoke "French" sort of. They brought Latin words back into English. (This is why the long and complicated words in English are Latin in their origin.) Chaucer and Shakespeare wrote in English and they helped shaped how it was spoken and written. In more modern times, the English language has included words from many other countries due to the influence and size of the British Empire. American English has included a lot of North American Indian and Spanish words. Now there are many types of English. There is the "Queen's" English which is the language of native, well educated Britains. There is American, Australian, Canadian, Irish and Scottish English also. These places use their own version of English.
This diagram shows how many languages of the world are Indo-European. Which is most of the world's languages.
The most commonly spoken native language in Europe is German (16% of the people). But English is the most commonly spoken language (33%). A lot of people use English as their second language.
This is ancient Greek writing that looks a lot like modern Greek.
Bibliography
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Europe

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-European_languages

http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/european_languages.htm

http://www.nature.com/news/a-turkish-origin-for-indo-european-languages-1.11270

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

http://www.angelfire.com/mac/egmatthews/worldinfo/europe/languages.html
This shows what words are the same in different languages
Full transcript