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A People's History of the United States: Chapter 11 - Robber Barons and Rebels
Transcript of A People's History of the United States: Chapter 11 - Robber Barons and Rebels
July 5, 1892
At the Carnegie Steel plant, Homestead, Pennsylvania, Henry Clay Frick decided to lower the workers wages and break up their union. Three thousand of the workers decided to go on strike. Pinkerton guards boarded their barges. When a Pinkerton man shoved a striker aside, he fired and wounded the detective, leading to gunfire from both sides. The Strike leaders were charged with murder and the rest were also tried with other crimes.
Summer of 1886
Grover Cleveland wins elections of 1884
July 2, 1890
The Sherman Anti-Trust Act is passed
The Transcontinental Railroad was the meeting of the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railroads. "Built with blood, sweat, politics, and thievery." The construction was done by three thousand Irish and ten thousand Chinese over a period of four years, getting paid one-two dollars a day.
A People's History of the United States
July 9, 1868
The Fourteenth Amendment becomes law
The Alliance gathered in the town of Cleburne, Dallas and drew up the "Cleburne Demands" the first document of the Populist Movement. They called for a national conference of all labor organizations and proposed regulation of railroad rates, heavy taxation of land and an increase in money supply.
By Howard Zinn
The Construction of the Transcontinental Railroad
John D. Rockefeller set up the Standard Oil Company
John D. Rockefeller made secret agreements with railroads to ship his oil if they gave him rebates/discounts on their prices. This lead to other oil competitors to go out of business. This was the beginning of Rockefeller's Oil monopoly.
Andrew Carnegie brings the Bessemer method to the U.S.
Andrew Carnegie traveled to London in 1872 where he saw the new Bessemer method of producing steel. He brought it back to the United States to build a million dollar steel plant.
J. P. Morgan buys Carnegie's steel company
At a dinner party in 1880, Andrew Carnegie agrees to sell his steel company to J. P. Morgan for $492,000,000. J.P. Morgan then forms the U.S. steel Corporation.
Crash Course :D
The Industrial Economy
Grover Cleveland, a democrat, won the elections of 1884. He tried to preserve the conditions of the existing industries. Even with a huge surplus of money in the treasury. He vetoed a bill appropriating $100,000 to give relief to Texas farmers during a drought.
President Benjamin Harrison who succeeded Cleveland, saw a push towards reform. Passing the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, "to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints".
The Fourteenth Amendment, adopted July 9, 1868, addressed citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves after the Civil War. Although, soon after the law was passed the Supreme Court began to demolish is as a protection for blacks, and develop it as a protection for corporations.
Great Southwest railroad strike of 1886
Texas and Pacific Railroad fired a leader of the Knights of Labor, leading to a strike which spread throughout the Southwest. In East St. Louis there was a battle between strikers and police. Seven workers were killed and the governor declared martial law, sending in seven hundred National Guards to handle the strikers.
May 4, 1886
On May 4, 1886 a meeting was called for Haymarket Square where about three thousand people assembled. One hundred and eighty policemen showed up on the speakers' platform. A bomb then exploded in the midst of the police wounding sixty-six officers, of seven who died. The police then open fired onto the crowd, killing several and wounding two hundred. There was no evidence on who threw the bomb, so the police arrested eight anarchist leaders in Chicago.
3rd Nine Weeks Project
This project is based off your reading chapters 11-16 in “A People’s History of the United States” by Howard Zinn. You will be creating an interactive timeline of one of the chapters. It will include pictures, short summaries, etc. It should not just be a line with dates on it.
1. 15 events on the timeline with correct dates 15/____________
2. Visuals (minimum 10) 10/___________
3. Content of the time line 10/____________
4. Creativity 15/________
This project is due Friday March 20th. This paper must be attached to the back of the project or you will lose points.
October 31, 1891
Tennessee Coal Mine Contract
The Tennessee Coal Mine Company asked their miners to sign an "iron-clad contract" pledging no strikes, agreeing to get paid in scrip, and give up on the right to check the weight of the coal they mined as they were paid by the weight. They refused to sign and was evicted from their houses and replaced by Convicts. On Oct. 31, 1891 a thousand armed miners took control of the mines and released five hundred convicts and burned down the stockadeds.
Carnegie Steel Plant Strike
During the height of the depression in 1877, a group of white farmers gathered and formed the first "Farmers Alliance." It soon spread across the state, they offered alternatives to the old system, if they join the alliance and form cooperatives, to buying things together and get lower prices.
The Elections of 1896
In the Presidential elections it was William Jennings Bryan vs. William McKinley. McKinley won, with the first massive use of money in an election campaign. Two years after, McKinley declared war on Spain.
People's party nominating convention
A people's party nominating convention in Omaha, nominated James Weaver for president. The Populist movement was now tied to the voting system. Although he got over a million votes he still lost.
Calvin Cheung pd.5