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Musical Instruments

History, evolution, and how musical instruments are created in the modern day
by

Crest Academy

on 10 January 2016

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Transcript of Musical Instruments

Primary Resource:
Mark Minor- 1 hr.
A skilled luthier and specializes in violins.
What I will cover
Musical Instruments:
History, evolution, and what musical instruments are used for in the modern day vs. the past
By Jasper Lau
Driving Question
What is the evolution behind musical instruments, and how have humans taken basic instruments and changed them into more complex or advanced instruments of the modern day?
The First Musical Instruments
Evolution




History and Uses of These Instruments
The 8 first musical Instruments
Various percussion instruments
Elephant/mammoth ivory flutes
Elephant skin drums
Pan pipes
Bull roarer
Rattle
Slit drum
Xylophone
Elephant/Mammoth Ivory flutes
Over 165,000 years ago
Percussion Instruments are hit, shaken, rubbed, or scraped to vibrate and make a sound
Stones, sticks, rocks, logs were the first instruments discovered and cut differently to create different pitches and sounds
Elephant Skin drums
Various percussion instruments
Pan Pipes
Bull Roarer
Rattle
Slit Drum
Xylophone
Evolution
Stringed and Fretted
Woodwind
Brass
Keyboard
Percussion
Evolution:
Stringed and fretted
Harp
Electric Guitar
Violin
Harpsichord
Lyre
Harp
Oud
Lute
Theorbo
Vihuela
Acoustic Guitar
Ukulele
Electric Guitar
Qanun
Zither
Dulcimer
Harpsichord
Santoor
Rebab
Rebec
Violin
Viol
Lira Da Braccio
Hurdy Gurdy
Evolution:
Woodwind
Flute
Bassoon
Oboe
Saxophone
Recorder
Ney
Transverse Flute
Flute
Curtal
Bassoon
Shawm
Zurna
Oboe
Oboe D'Amore
English Horn
Saxophone
Clarinet
Evolution:
Brass
Trombone
Trumpet
Tuba
French Horn
Sackbut
Trombone
Shofar
Fanfare
Trumpet
Serpent
Tuba
Wagner Tuba
Sousaphone
Euphonium
Natural Horn
French Horn
Evolution:
Keyboard
Positive Organ
Piano
Positive Organ
Harmonium
Pan Flute
Electric Organ
Accordion
Portative Organ
Concertina
Synthesizer
MIDI Controller
Virginal
Harpsichord
Spinet
Clavichord
Piano
Upright Piano
Electric Piano
Evolution:
Percussion
Tambourine
Drum Set
Glockenspiel
Tambourine
Def
Tabor
Kettle Drums
Timpani
Side Drums
Snare Drum
Drum Set
Drum Machine
Electric Drum Pad
Celesta
Glockenspiel
37,000 years old
Animal hide was stretched to create a sound
Earliest found was preserved by Antarctica's iceage
30,000 years old
Commonly made from bamboo or cane
Was named for its association with the greek god Pan
Also known as the syrinx
19,000 years old
Was used in means of communicating over long distances
From the Paleolithic period
Was played by swinging it in circles above head on a horizontal plane
13,000 years old
Earliest rattle was made from cane with sand and small rocks inside
When shaken, would produce dry noises
9,500 years old
Made by cutting, burning, or gauging a slit into a hollowed out piece of wood
Typically would have three slits in the shape of an 'H'
Struck with a mallet
Different tongues have different lengths to create different pitches
4,000 years old
Earliest were made from straw and wood
Bars were placed on each other in a ladder-like position
Were difficult to tune
Mallets were made from willow wood and had a 'spoon-like' bowl on the end to beat with
Oldest were dated 42,000 to 43,000 years old
Earliest found had three finger holes and were capable of complete melodies
Made by cutting the tusk in half, carefully hollowing out, then was glued and bound together in an air tight seem

Stringed and Fretted
Woodwind
Brass
Keyboard
Percussion
Fiddle
Thanks For Watching!!!
Full transcript