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Postcolonialism

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Josiah Rizzo

on 17 February 2014

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Transcript of Postcolonialism

Historical
Background
Post Colonialism
Basic Assumptions
Methodology
How does the literary text observe the themes and characters in a colonialist work?
What does the work say about politics and or attitude of an anti colonialist opposition?
What characters does the work refer to as "other" or stranger how are such characters described and treated?
What does the text reveal about the operations of cultural difference - the ways in which race, religion, class, gender, sexual orientation, cultural beliefs, and customs combine to form individual identity - in shaping our perceptions of ourselves, others, and the world in which we live?
How does the literary work represent various aspects of colonial oppression?
What are the effects of colonization in the work?
How does literature in the Western society bolster or impair the colonialist principles through its representation of colonialization and or its inappropriate silence about colonized people?

(Brizee and Tompkins, Post Colonial Criticism(1990s present)
Works Cited
Brizee, Allen, and J. Case Tompkins. "Post-Colonial Criticism (1990s-present)." Purdue OWL. N.p., 21 Apr 2010. Web. 6 Feb 2014. <https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/722/10/>.

Cheveli, Ana. "Post-colonial literature." . N.p.. Web. 12 Feb 2014. <http://html.rincondelvago.com/post-colonial-literature.html>.

Collins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games. New York: Scholastic inc., 2008. Print.

Kambysellis, Zandra. "Post-colonialism: The Unconscious Changing of a Culture." postcolonialweb. Zandra Kambysellis, n.d. Web. 11 Feb 2014. <http://www.postcolonialweb.org/poldiscourse/kz1.html>.

"Key Terms in Post-Colonial Theory." . N.p.. Web. 10 Feb 2014. <http://www3.dbu.edu/mitchell/postcold.htm>.

Stratford upon Avon College , . "Post Coloniamism Intro." SlideShare. LinkedIn Corporation, n.d. Web. 10 Feb 2014. <http://www.slideshare.net/sgummer/post-colonialism-intro

United Nations Information Office, . Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain. 1944. Photograph. Library of Congress, New York. Web. 6 Feb 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/fsa.8e00870/>.


Shane and Josiah
Example
"History is written by the Victors" -Winston S. Churchill
-Post colonialism is the most recent of literary theories (1990-present)

- Colonialism was the imperialist expansion of Europe into the rest of the world (Key Terms in Post Colonial Theory)

- The theory focuses on how the European countries conquered the colonies(Key Terms in Post Colonial Theory)

- Example would be Countries of the British Empire inheriting the British language and customs (Cheveli, Post-Colonial Literature)

- Also focuses on how those groups responded to these invasions(Key Terms in Post Colonial Theory)

Historical Background
Post Colonialism is a study of what happens when two cultures clash, based upon one of the culture' s assumptions of their superiority.
Post-colonial theory looks at issues of power, economics, politics, religion, and culture and how these elements work in relation to western colonizers controlling the colonized.
When working with post-colonial theories, consider the same story but look at how characters from colonial powers treat characters from places that have been colonized
Critique
The Basic assumptions in defense of colonial actions are:
The colonized are savages in need of education
The colonized people's culture is not up to standards of the colonizer
The colonized nation is unable to manage and run itself properly, and needs the "wisdom" of the colonizer
The colonized have different religious beliefs that are incompatible the colonizer's
(Stratford upon Avon College)
Some Defenses of Colonialism


Colonialism is the dominance of a strong nation over another weaker one
This theory should be used when problems are occurring in the work from imposed inferiority.
In some cases this causes a raging hatred for the colonizer that surface in the consciousness of the colonized people.

Post Colonialism in the Hunger Games
"Whatever words they use, The real message is clear. 'Look how we can take your children and sacrifice them and there's nothing you can do. If you lift a finger, we will destroy every last one of you. Just like we did in District Thirteen.' To make it more humiliating as well as torturous, the Capitol requires us to treat the Hunger Games as a festivity, a sporting event pitting every district against the others." (Collins 19)
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