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Renaissance Art

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kevin melo

on 23 April 2013

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Transcript of Renaissance Art

The Artists Botticelli Leonardo Da Vinci Raphael Michelangelo Donatello Botticelli was born in Florence, Italy, in 1445. He spent his whole life in Florence except for a visit to Rome. Botticelli was a member of the Medici family. His real name was Alessandro Filipepi. He was nicknamed Botticelli when he went to live with his brother. There he worked as a goldsmith. Botticelli Botticelli's technique is at its most refined in painting the flesh tones, in which semi-transparent ochres, whites, cinnabars and red lakes are laid over one another in such minute brush strokes that the gradations are all but invisible. Technique Botticelli's pigments were of the finest of his time, including malachite, verdigris (copper green), ultramarine, cinnabar, red, white and yellow lead, red lake and carbon black. Colors Leonardo got his start as an artist around 1469, when his father apprenticed him to the fabled workshop of Verocchio. Leonardo Da Vinci Technique No slouch when it came to the techniques of the day, Leonardo went beyond his teaching by making a scientific study of light and shadow in nature. He also saw that an object's detail and color changed as it receded in the distance. This technique, called sfumato, was originally developed by Flemish and Venetian painters, but of course Super-Genius Leonardo transformed it into a powerful tool for creating atmosphere and depth. Color Raphael was known as the genius of high Renaissance painters. He was the greatest designer of the Renaissance. Raphael influenced painters up to the 1900's. Raphael ‘Ansidei Madonna’ was revealed using an advanced technique called gas-chromatography linked to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This showed that the picture was painted in a wide range of pigments, bound together using walnut oil. Technique Donatello was a great Italian sculptor, who was born in Florence, Italy, in 1386, and died at the age of 80 in 1466. He did not marry and had no children. He started practicing at the age of 20 and worked in Lorenzo Ghiberti's shop. Later in his life he studied Roman ruins and became a humanist. Donatello also had a shop in Florence where he created many of his masterpieces. Donatello Donatello simply revived the technique of casting bronze into free standing statues. The art of casting bronze was known in many cultures during the Bronze Age, roughly c.2800 to c.1050 BC. Techniques Group Two The Artists Van Eyck Bosch (Pieter the Elder) Brueghel Durer Holbein the Younger Jan van Eyck was born circa 1395. In 1425, he was employed under the service of Duke Philip, the Good of Burgundy. Van Eyck Techniques Van Eyck is the Flemish painter often credited as the first master, or even the inventor of oil painting. That he was an early master of the oil painting medium is certainly true. It is certainly untrue that he invented the technique. In fact painting with oil dates as far back as the Indian and Chinese painters of the fifth century however Van Eyck was one of the earliest masters of the technique. Hieronymus Bosch, whose real name was Jeroen Anthoniszoon, was born in the North Brabant town of 's Hertogenbosch (Bois-le-Duc). Both his grandfather and father had been painters in this relatively minor provincial center, and it is generally assumed that Bosch's early training was obtained locally. From 1486 until his death Bosch was mentioned regularly in the records of the local chapter of the Brotherhood of Our Lady, of which he was an active member. Bosch Bosch was from a country who have given art many great artists. Bosch paintings regularly used great qualities in painting technique, style and accuracy to portray various religious and moral topics of the time. Techniques Pieter Brueghel (1525-69), usually known as Pieter Brueghel the Elder to distinguish him from his elder son, was the first in a family of Flemish painters. You'll often find his name spelled as Bruegel (Pieter spelled it like that from 1559 onwards) or Breugel or Breughel. Brueghel His painting style was significantly influenced by Hieronymus Bosch, a Dutch Gothic artist. Most people know Bruegel from his best-loved paintings, such as Hunters in the Snow and Peasant Wedding Feast. Indeed, many of his paintings contained peasants, often comically depicted carrying out everyday tasks. Techniques Albrecht Dürer is the greatest exponent of Northern European Renaissance art. While an important painter, in his own day Dürer was renowned foremost for his graphic works. Artists across Europe admired and copied Dürer's innovative and powerful prints, ranging from religious and mythological scenes, to maps and exotic animals. Durer Technically, Dürer's prints are exemplary for their detail and precision. The son of a goldsmith, Dürer was trained as a metalworker at a young age. He applied the same meticulous, exacting methods required in this delicate work to his woodcuts and engravings, notably the Four Horsemen of his Apocalypse series (1498), and his Knight, Death and Devil (1513). Techniques Holbein was one of the most accomplished portraitists of the 16th century. He spent two periods of his life in England (1526-8 and 1532-43), portraying the nobility of the Tudor court. Holbein the Younger Whilst Holbein also uses a similar range of materials his techniques and styles are again different in certain respects, and his accomplishment as a painter is extraordinary. Techniques The differences form the artists in group one and two are the artists in group one's style is more about religious thing in the time and group two focus more on the everyday people's life during the renaissance. The End Chicken Pox The condition we are doing is Chicken pox. The other name for chicken pox is Varicella. dkdokdfo
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