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End of course project.

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Joey van Schaik

on 19 April 2013

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Transcript of End of course project.

TOURISM Why did we choose tourism Table of contents
*History of tourism, how and when did it start?
*Development of tourism?
*Tourism in general
-Different types of tourism (Leisure, travelling, business)
*Tourism in the Netherlands
*Benefits of sustainable tourism
*Jobs that are direct/indirect related to tourism
*In which holidays, different types of tourism!
*Answer main question, using all sub-questions we’ve talked about.
* Tourism fun facts Tourism Joey van Schaik & Jesse Schog T3A Does tourism only
have advantages?? We've choses this subject, because we are both interested in tourism. We both thought it would be pretty nice to do some research on this subject. Both of us knew quite a lot about tourism already, because we go on holiday ourselfs every year.

This is our main question. With the help of all our sub question we will find the answer to this question. Also we hope to tell you more about what tourism actually is and why people go on holiday. At the end of our presentation we will answer the mainquestion by making use of all our research information and the answers we found to the sub questions. • Agritourism
• Birth tourism
• Culinary tourism (to experience different cuisines)
• Cultural tourism (to learn about different cultures)
• Extreme tourism (like extreme sports)
• Geotourism
• Heritage tourism
• LGBT tourism (gays, drag queens and or lesbians friendly)
• sustainable tourism
• ecotourism
• pro-poor tourism
• recession tourism
• medical tourism
• educational tourism
• creative tourism
• dark tourism
• sports tourism
• doom tourism
• recession tourism
• sex toursim
• drug tourism Different types of tourism
-Wealthy people (Buildings, art, culture and cuisines) -Roman republic, coastal places, popular to rich
-League of nations, tourist-> 24 hours
-United nations, tourist-> 6 months
-Leisure travel, UK, Cox & Kings
-Place names, Nice, Promenade des Anglais, Bristol History ECO AND SUSTAINABLE TOURISM Sports tourism Tourism in the Netherlands TOP 10 TOURIST PLACES THE NETHERLANDS 10 Delta Project

The Delta Project or Delta Works are a series of constructions built between 1950 and 1997 in the province of Zeeland to protect large areas of land from the sea. The work consist of dams, locks and dikes. They have been declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. 9 Maastricht Vrijthof

The Vrijthof is the best-known city square in Maastricht, a city in the southern most part of the Netherlands. It's got the massive Saint Servatius Church and Saint Jan’s Cathedral. The Vrijthof regularly hosts large festivals at various times throughout the year, including autumn and winter festivals. 8 Rijksmuseum

The Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam is the largest museum for art and history in the Netherlands. It has a large collection of paintings from the Dutch Golden Age including works by Vermeer and Rembrandt. Until 2013, the museum is being completely renovated, but the major masterpieces are still on show. The museum has recently been
reopend. 7 Kinderdijk

More than 1.000 old windmills still exist in the Netherlands. The largest concentration of Dutch windmills can be found near the village of Kinderdijk. To drain the excess water from the polders, 19 windmills were built around 1740. They are now popular tourist attractions in the Netherlands. 6 Hoge Veluwe

The Hoge Veluwe National Park is one of the largest nature reserves in the Netherlands, consisting of heathlands, sand dunes, and woodlands. The Kröller-Müller Museum with its large collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh is located in the park. 5 Keukenhof Gardens

Keukenhof Gardens is the world’s largest flower garden, and actually a promotion for the Dutch flower industry. Approximately seven million flower bulbs are planted every year in the park with many different types of flowers. The gardens are open to visitors from the last week in March to mid-May. Keukenhof is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the Netherlands. 4 Delft City Hall

The City Hall in Delft is a Renaissance style building on the Markt square. Its look was changed several times over the past centuries and was restored in the 20th century to its Renaissance appearance. 3 West Frisian Islands

The West Frisian Islands are a group of islands in the North Sea nearby the coast. They continue further east in front of Germany's coast. The islands separate the North Sea from the Wadden Sea. 2 Leiden Canals

Leiden is known for the oldest university in the Netherlands, the place of Rembrandts birht and its beautiful canals. The two branches of the Old Rhine enter Leiden on the east and meet in the city centre. The old centre of Leiden is one of the largest 17th century centres in the Netherlands. 1 Canals of Amsterdam

Amsterdam began building its famous canals in the 17th century during the Golden Age. The three main canals, Herengracht, Prinsengracht, and Keizersgracht form the grachtengordel. Today there is over 100 km of canals and there are 1,500 bridges. Alongside the main canals are about 1500 monumental buildings. 10 reasons why you need a holiday 9. Be more productive
* After holiday better results and performance

10. Become a nicer person

* Less stress so not grumpy 7. Sleep better

* Because of a lower stress level
* No things to worry about that you should have done or need to do

8. Do your kids a favourite

* Increases family band
* Become more aware of each others feelings and emotions 5. Reconnect with your partner

* As well less stress so you are nicer to each other.
* Improves relationship
* Studies have shown that the fertility rate of male and female go up
because of less pollution in the air


6. Heighten your senses

* Studies have shown that if you go on holiday to wild nature you senses will become better, especially smelling and tasting. 3. Breathe easier

* In the mountains the air is cleaner and you can breath a lot easier.
* The air is cleaner than in the city, good for the lungs


4. Feel inspired

* Get inspiration of your surroundings
* Get your entausiasm back
* Imporves your creativity 2. Rebuild your body

* Without the stress of the nine to five grind our bodies have enough time and freedom to repair themselves. It's easier for our system to fight sickness when we're on holidays because it's not working so hard trying to fend off all the other environmental baddies.

* helps against illness
* can reduce pains and caused by working and stress 1. Regain your fitness
Experts believe that we can reclaim up to 30 percent of our fitness just by going on holidays. Vacations force us to exercise because we walk greater distances, swim, chase the kids around and play sports. Just standing upright instead of sitting down at a desk all day help you look and feel fitter. Regular movement during the day also boosts your circulation and gets your blood pumping which ups your heart rate and immune system. Development of tourism * Traveling for short brakes became common
* The developments in technology
* The developments in transport infrastructure; airplanes
* Traveling was made more affordable
* Different life-style; retirement
* setbacks; 9/11, tsunami in 2004 and terrorist attacks MAINQUESTION: DOES TOURISM ONLY HAVE ADVANTAGES? There are a lot of benefits from sustainable tourism and eco-tourism but im going to highlight some of the biggest.

1. The life of the native inhabitants is not being disturbed.
2. Because sustainable tourism doesn’t involve very big hotel and all-inclusive apartments, the local people can earn some money by opening restaurants.
3. Also when you don’t have to use a lot of luxury items a lot of resources such as: water, oil, food, fish, can go to the local people instead of spending it on luxury 5 star hotels.

So sustainable tourism and eco-tourism only have a lot of benefits, but there are other forms of tourism that have more disadvantages such as: mass tourism, party tourism and drug tourism.

* Party tourism interupts the local people with loud music and drunk people hanging all over the street after mid night. And the following day this starts all over again. Small relaxing islands turn into party places, which is also bad for the animals and cultural essence. But on the other hand it also creates a lot of jobs and income.

* mass tourism, which destroys the lifes of a lot of people. Usually there are huge hotels being built in nature or along the coastline that changes the view of the landscape. Also a lot of local people have to quit there job because all the tourists are staying in the hotel all day were they can eat. Small-scale shops and restaurants can’t compete with that.

But tourism provides a lot of income for most countries in the world. People like to travel and spent mostly a lot of money which is good for the economy of the countries.

So overall if you would compare all the different types my conclusion is that there are more disadvantages than advantages for the local people. On the other hand it provides a lot of money for the country itself. Benefits of sustainable tourism * The goal of Sustainable development is "meeting the needs of the present without disturbing the ability for future generations to meet their own needs”
* Sustainable tourism can be seen as having regard to ecological and socio-cultural carrying capacities and includes involving the community of the destination in tourism development planning.

* Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is responsible travel to fragile, pristine, and usually protected areas that strive to be economic and (often) small scale.
* It helps to learn the traveler; provides funds for conservation; directly benefits the economic development

* These types of tourism become more popular nowadays because of the global warming Arguments for tourism in the Netherlands Economically

Despite the fact that tourism in The Netherlands has brought us many good things, it has also created problems.



Due to the tourists that stay here in The Netherlands, or those who buy an apartment or summer cottage, the day-to-day products that are sold in a hotspot area for tourists is very likely to rise. But not only prices of milk and bread rise, also the price of houses and apartments on an exclusive location will rise. This might mean that local residents are not able to afford a house in this area any longer. In certain times of the year, for example in the winter season, seasonal workers are needed. These usually come from outside the ski area, which means that the money is taken to another place and is not spent in that district.



Tourism in certain areas may change the culture of a tourist location. Old traditions may be lost, because of modernisation. Not only culture is affected, also simple things like shops. Those will be full of tourists and there is certainly a chance that local residents will have to wait in long queues. A peaceful and quite location may well be turned into a noisy place due to constant sounds and traffic of tourists. The location itself might get to crowded, because more and more blocks of apartments are built. Tourism does create many jobs, but those are almost always low level jobs like bar work and hotel services.



Most certainly tourists will go away leaving a mess for the local people to clean up. Not only the area will be left messy, also hired cars or other forms of public transport. Public transport does not only bring the tourist to their destinations, also they increase the amount of pollution in the air. Arguments against tourism in the Netherlands Economically Socially Environmentally
you probably already know a lot of jobs are related to tourism. This can be direct or indirect; sometimes you don’t even notice what tourism can bring for opportunities.


Direct jobs that have something to do with tourism are; hotels, airlines, camping’s, travel agencies, restaurants, bars, fun parks and so on.These are usually built for tourists because the people know it will attract them. When a job is directly related with tourism you mean that this place or accommodation is built not only but as well for tourists.


Indirect jobs can be anything, from just a simple street musician to a shop. When tourists buy things over there it has indirectly made profit from the fact that there are tourists. For example a painter can also indirectly profit from this, tourists like to buy a souvenir and a painting is a nice way to do so. The painter makes profit and indirectly has something to do with the tourism sector. Because tourists contribute to higher revenues for him than without them. 1 out of every 3 jobs has a benefit of tourism Direct Indirect * The spin off effect is an effect that derived from already existing things. * This effect can be seen in the media, radio, products, and events such as on the picture above.

So you can conclude in the sin of tourism that the spin-off effect is that you buy something on your holiday that was set up by someone else. Because you bought a thing the money goes to the tax authorities and the local workers that made the product you bought. Eventually this effect is profitable and fun for everyone it has to do with. Spin off-effect MAINQUESTION: DOES TOURISM ONLY HAVE ADVANTAGES? After we have gone through all our sub questions and with the help of our survey, we have drawn up a conclusion. Like we have already told you in this presentation we can clearly conclude that sustainable and eco tourism don’t have any disadvantages which is a very good thing.

On the other hand types of tourism, such as sports tourism, party tourism and drug tourism definitely has a lot of disadvantages. Also, tourism in the Netherlands certainly has disadvantages.

So, by this we can conclude that the answer our main question is no. But tourism in general has more advantages than disadvantages. Which is great. In the future we hope that a lot more types of tourism will become eco friendly and that more people will know and use the ‘holiday footprint’

This was our presentation, are there any questions? This was our presentation, are there any questions? * Tourism is an important sector
* 1 out of 3 jobs benefit from tourism
* provides income for a lot of families
* provides money for the government
* keeps our economy running -Since late 1980s, events, travel agencies.
- Increase -> Mutlimedia, spreading knowledge
-International events, aware of number of sports, try, change in popularity,
-The olympics, increase, travel agencies, special packages, lower than predicted, nowadays much higher. GROWTH OF TOURISM -Past decades, more people going on holiday, more destinations -> how come?
-Income, more money, more people working longer, weekends, more time, weekends
-Transport, airlines, car, train, easier to travel, distant parts of the world Holiday footprint -Tool, environmental impact, emission of transport, all resources, try to reduce and save money
-Not only to reduce, communication tool, environmental issues, earth as reserve producing interest, take away what we've produced. -Important economic sector, 10 million visitors,
-Foreign person, Amsterdam.
-Amsterdam-> Canals, red light district, coffee shops.
-Rich culture and history-> Van gogh, Rijksmuseum and Anne frank house.
-The Hague->City center, beaches, madurodam.
-Rotterdam-> Harbor, shopping and skyline.
-Typically Dutch-> Tulips, windmills.
-Tulips-> Keukenhof, flower garden
-Windmills-> Kinderdijk
-Souvenirs-> Delftware and wooden shoes (klompen)
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