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The Mughal Empire
Transcript of The Mughal Empire
came Aurangzeb. Mughals now ruled the entire subcontinent of India! (except for a small region at the southern tip) :) M e r p m E l a g u i Flashback to the year 1523..... The Mughals even produced various soaps to make shampoos! (COOL!) In additon Mughal architects blended central Asian traditions with elements of Hindu architecture 2. Competing members of ruling houses 4. Military However, Aurangzeb reinstated the jizya due to the fear that Muslims would lose their religious identity... Social Women played important roles in managing empires: Followed example of Chinggis Khan Now on to the smart stuff.
INTELLECTUAL. E = m x c 2 speed of light mass energy 1. Religious tensions Religion But all great things must come to an end... Where a man was destined to give rise to a great power..... THE It all began with Zahir al-Din Muhammad (a.k.a Babur) A Chagatai Turk who claimed descent from Genghis Khan An adventurer and soldier of fortune (Just like his ancestors!) Was never able to extend Mughal authority beyond Kabul and Qandahar; so instead, he turned focus onto India Mounted invasions in 1523 and 1525 and captured the city of Delhi in 1526 Built loosely knit empire, streching from Kabul to Punjab to the borders of Benghal And then came the arrival of Akbar (r.1523-1530) (r.1556-1605) h How did he come to power? Akbar threw Adham Khan out of a window and then thre him out a second time Created a centralized administrative structure with ministries regulating the various provinces Defeated the kingdom of Vijayanagar; this laid the foundation for Mughal expansion in southern India Pursed a policy of religious tolerance in order to reduce tension between Hindu and Muslim communities Even though he was illiterate (dyslexic), he was intelligent and had books read to him The Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent under his rule because...... just kidding ;) On to Technology..... Many gunpowder weapons were used, allowing for winning battles! Advances were also made in observational astronomy They also had metal cylinder rockets known as bans Elaboration of a syncretic faith/religion "divine faith" Divine faith was strictly monothestic and emphasized loyalty to the emperor while borrowing elements from different religious traditions Ex: Shiite and Sufi teachings MAIN RELIGION: Islam People who remained devoted to their faith were provided withthe status of protected people (Dhimmi) Dhimmi communities paid a special tax known as the jizya and in return, they retained their personal freedom, practiced their own religion, and handled their own legal affairs. Akbar worked to integrate Muslims and Hindus; so, he abolished the jizya and tolerated all faiths. Arts/Architecture They constructed fortresses, mosques, palaces, and even ENTIRE CITIES! (Like Fatehpur Sikri, see in the video!) It was a city planned and constructed by Akbar that served as his capital from 1569 to 1585. A ruler's retreat. It was a city planned and constructed by Akbar that served as his capital from 1569 to 1585. A ruler's retreat. Rulers of all the empires sought to enhance the legitimacy of their regimes by providing public welfare and being well associated with literary and artistic talent. Abkar was deeply interested in religion and philosophy. He was illiterate (which was probably due to him having dyslexia) Fatehpur Sikri was a private residence for the ruler Abkar, where he could indulge in his love for music and could have conversations with scholars and poets. Productive agricultural economies were the foundations of all the Islamic empires relied on: The Columbian exchange brought maize, potatoes, tomatoes, coffee, and tobacco Coffeehouses were built so that customers could indulge their appetites for caffeine and nicotine at the same time Little interest was present in maritime affairs because of the enormous size and productivity of the domestic Indian economy. Plus, Mughal rulers (like the Ming and Qing dynasties) mainly concentrated on their own lands Trading ports were created with Portugese, Dutch, English, and French merchants Jahangir allowed his wife to run the government Even Aurangzeb listened to his daughter when it came to politics and advice! In this case, because of: 3. Economic difficulties E C L I N E Economic The End. ` D Created by: Smriti Singh, Amiya Walton, Heather Jackson, Nick Bulischeck, Maddie Vance, Chackri (last name), and Salil Sholapurwala