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The Anthropology of Computing
Transcript of The Anthropology of Computing
Cell Phones to Silent or Vibrate :) The Anthropology of Computing
Cell Phones to Silent or Vibrate :) Part I: The Software & Hardware Part II: Individuals, Communities & Networks What does the Internet Look Like? Google The Filter Bubble The Internet, Algorithms and Visibility How Algorithms Shape our World Gibson defines cyberspace as "a consensual hallucination experienced daily by billions of legitimate operators ... A graphical representation of data abstracted from the banks of every computer in the human system." Sociotechnical systems: refers to the interaction between society's complex infrastructures and human behaviour. In this sense, society itself, and most of its substructures, are complex sociotechnical systems. Techno-fundamentalism: the idea that every problem can be solved by technological advances Introduction Bidirectional: Moving or operating in two usually opposite directions. Don't be evil. "organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and usable" Googlization Algorithm: a procedure or formula for solving a problem. Algorithmic culture: describes how some aspects of the work of culture -“the sorting, classifying, hierarchizing, and curating of people, places, objects, and ideas”– are becoming the purview of “machine-based information processing systems.” Visibility: What can be seen or heard. Object Time decay Weight Object Affinity -low, little interaction Moment of Zen Next class: Anth of Computing Part 2 Self-Tracking: Keeping a record of information about oneself in a format that can be expressed statistically. Self-Tracking Cyberanthropology The prefix 'cyber' generally refers to computer and information technologies and how humans interact with and through them. Cyberculture: Concept used to analyze transformations in the structure and meaning of modern society and culture due to computer information, and biological technologies. In broader use, the prefix “cyber” is used to refer to activities and social movements carried out through Internet. Continuous Partial Attention: the process of paying simultaneous attention to a number of sources of incoming information, but at a superficial level. Online Communities and Networks Interest-Group: voluntary association that seeks to publicly promote and create advantages for its cause. Community Network Imagined Community: Communities are socailly constructed, imagined by members of a group; members will never know most of their fellow-members, meet them or even hear of them, yet in the minds of each lives the image of their communion. “MySpace is just old now and it’s boring.” But then she paused, looked down at the table, and continued. “It’s not really racist, but I guess you could say that. I’m not really into racism, but I think that MySpace now is more like ghetto or whatever…“The people who use MySpace -- again, not in a racist way -- but are usually more like ghetto and hip hop rap lovers group.” – Kat Community: Usually refers to a social unit larger than a small village that shares common values, interests, identity, etc. Networks: A social structure made up of a set of individuals or organizations and the ties between these actors. Online Networks Mirror 'Real-Life' Homophily: the tendency of individuals to associate and bond with similar others Moment of Zen Next class:
Medical Anthropology Hacking as Community & Social Movements Hacktivists: hackers with an activist message. Social movements: type of group action. They are large informal groupings of individuals or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues.
1) networks of informal relationships,
2) a collective identity, and
3) interaction around a conflictual issue.