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World Cup Stadiums Brazil 2014

Design: Guilherme Criscuolo
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on 8 November 2014

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Transcript of World Cup Stadiums Brazil 2014

12 june
BRA-CRO
19 june
URU-ENG
23 june
NED-CHI
26 june
KOR-BEL
01 july
1F-2E
09 july
W59-W60
Opening:
A newly built stadium for the tournament, the new home of Corinthians is due to be completed in time for the opening game which it will host.

Altitude:
792m (2,598ft).

Climate:
Highs of around 20C and lows of 13C with a 30% chance of rain.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
269 miles.

Where is it?:
On a plateau in the south-east, on the Atlantic coast.

Background:
Corinthians, who currently play at the Estadio do Pacaembu, were granted permission to build a new stadium as long ago as 1978 but only announced construction of their new home in 2010.

The Estadio do Morumbi, home of Sao Paulo FC, was originally chosen to represent the city of Sao Paulo in the World Cup but when funding fell through to renovate it, the opening game was moved to the new Arena in 2011. After the tournament 20,000 temporary seats will be removed.
Capacity: 65,807
Est: 2014
Capacity: 62,547
Est: 1965
14 june
COL-GRE
17 june
BEL-ALG
21 june
ARG-IRI
24 june
CRC-ENG
28 june
1A-2B
08 july
W57-W58
Opening:
1965 (reopened after renovation in February 2013).

Altitude:
800m (2,624ft).

Climate:
Dry and warm. June and July tend to be the coolest months of the year, but temperatures still peak at 25C most days.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
278 miles.

Where is it?:
Surrounded by mountains inland from Rio and Sao Paulo.

Background:
It took three years and approximately R$695m (£220m) to give the historic Estadio Mineirao a comprehensive facelift. The stadium is a national listed monument, so the facade and roof had to be preserved, but the pitch was lowered by 3.4m to allow the removal of a running track and construction of new seating nearer to the pitch.

Although it was delivered on time, teething problems when the venue reopened in February resulted in the stadium's operators being fined. However, Fifa general secretary Jerome Valcke described the stadium as "beautiful" earlier this year.
Capacity: 76,804
Est: 1950
15 june
ARG-BIH
18 june
ESP-CHI
22 june
BEL-RUS
25 june
ECU-FRA
28 june
1C-2D
04 july
W53-W54
Opening:
1950 (reopened after renovation in June 2013).

Altitude:
Sea level.

Climate:
June and July are Rio's coolest months, but the daily temperature peak is typically 25C. Those months tend to be dry, but humidity remains fairly high all year.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Where is it?:
On the Atlantic coast, close to the Tropic of Capricorn.

Background:
Renovation of this iconic venue was completed just in time for the Confederations Cup last summer. Work only began in earnest in September 2010 - three years after Brazil was officially handed the World Cup. Construction was also delayed by several strikes, meaning the stadium missed Fifa's initial handover date of December 2012 plus an extended deadline in February 2013.

However, with over 6,000 workers toiling around the clock, the finishing touches were hastily applied, allowing the first test event to take place on 27 April - a match between 'friends of Ronaldo' and 'friends of Bebeto'.
13 july
W61-W62
13 june
ESP-NED
16 june
GER-POR
20 june
SUI-FRA
25 june
BIH-IRI
01 july
1H-2G
09 july
W51-W52
Opening:
1951 (renovation completed April 2013).

Altitude:
Sea level.

Climate:
June and July are Salvador's coolest months, but temperatures still typically peak at 26C.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
1,008 miles.

Where is it?:
The largest city on the north-east coast.

Background:
The Arena Fonte Nova rose from the rubble of its predecessor, with 92% of the debris from demolition used to construct the brand new venue. The stadium, which took 32 months to construct, was the third World Cup venue to be completed and cost R$592m, just under £200m. Its most distinctive element is its unusual horse-shoe design. There is a large opening in the stands behind the southern goal, behind which lies an open paved area.

This space is called the Praca Sul (Southern Square) and can easily be converted into an amphitheatre to host concerts and shows. The design also boosts air circulation within the stadium
Capacity: 52,048
Est: 1951
Capacity: 44,248
Est: 2013
14 june
CIV-JAP
20 june
ITA-CRC
23 june
CRO-MEX
26 june
USA- GER
29 June
1D-2C
Opening:
May 2013

Altitude:
Sea level.

Climate:
Wet. It rains in Recife on average 224 days a year - which is nearly double Manchester's average. Temperatures tend to peak at 28C in June and July, which are Recife's two wettest months. Humidity is also usually high during these months.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
1,426 miles

Where is it?:
On the Atlantic coast on the east of Brazil, close to the equator and among tropical forests.

Background:
This brand new stadium was built in an economically deprived area on the outskirts of Recife, and will eventually form part of a leisure complex and residential development which it is hoped will act as a catalyst for local regeneration.

Construction progress was slower than Fifa would have liked, but the stadium was eventually declared operationally ready on 20 May 2013, with a friendly between Nautico and Sporting Lisbon serving as a test event two days later.
Capacity: 42,086
Est: 2013
13 june
MEX-CAM
16 june
GHA-USA
19 june
JPN-GRE
Opening:
2014.

Altitude:
45m (148ft).

Climate:
Humidity could be a problem for players in Natal, with an average of 97% humidity in the middle of June. That drops down as the tournament progresses however.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
1,612 miles.

Where is it?:
Between Fortaleza and Recife on the north-east coastline, Natal is the state capital nearest to both Africa and Europe.

Background:
The original Machadao stadium was demolished in 2011 to make way for the new build, with work beginning on the Estadio Das Dunas a year later. Designed to replicate sand dunes, the new stadium was being constructed by teams 24 hours a day and opened on January 26, 2014.
24 june
ITA-URU
Capacity: 64,846
Est: 1973
14 june
URU-CRC
17 june
BRA-MEX
21 june
GER-GHA
24 june
GRE-CIV
29 June
1B-2A
Opening:
1973 (reopened after renovation in January 2013).

Altitude:
Sea level.

Climate:
Daily temperatures peak at around 30C throughout the year, although the city sometimes benefits from a sea breeze. Occasional rain showers are not uncommon in June.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
1,617 miles.

Where is it?:
A 'fortress' port on the north-east coast of Brazil, it has 16 miles of beaches.

Background:
The renovation of the Estadio Castelao was completed on time and within budget, making the stadium the first World Cup venue to be declared ready. Work began in March 2011, and cost R$518.6m (approximately £167m).

The city of Fortaleza sits on Brazil's north-east coast, and is a popular tourist destination because of its beaches. The new Castelao aims to minimise the impact of the heat on players and spectators.
29 June
W49-W50
14 june
ENG-ITA
18 june
CMR-CRO
25 june
HON-SUI
22 june
USA-POR
Opening:
Originally built in 1970 as the Estadio Vivaldao but demolished in 2009, the new ground and was completed in December 2013. But the project, which was built with R$724m (£186m) of public money, was way behind schedule. Struggling with the hot, tropical weather and a complex design which resembles Beijing's Bird Nest Stadium, teams of construction workers were busy 24 hours a day. On 14 December, one of those workers died after falling from the roof of the stadium. The stadium was officially opened in March 2014.

Altitude:
72m (236ft)

Climate:
Difficult. Tropical heat with tropical storms. Highs are a toasty 30C with a 40% chance of thunderstorms in June, with humidity up to 80%. Expect to see plenty of drinks breaks.

Time Zone:
GMT -4 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
2,659 miles.

Where is it?:
The capital of the state of Amazonas, Manaus is the furthest north of the host cities.

Background:
The arena has an elaborate steel structure, imported from Portugal, which envelops the playing area like an indigenous woven basket. Over 95% of the material from the old, demolished, stadium will be reused.
Capacity: 42,374
Est: 2013
Capacity: 68,009
Est: 2013
15 june
SUI-ECU
19 june
COL-CIV
23 june
CMR-BRA
26 june
POR-GHA
30 june
1F-2F
05 july
W55-W56
Opening:
1974 (reopened after renovation in May 2013).

Altitude:
1,172m (3,845ft).

Climate:
Dry and fairly warm. June and July are the two driest months of the year in Brasilia. Temperatures tend to peak at 25C most days, while humidity drops.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
724 miles.

Where is it?:
The capital of Brazil sits in the central highlands.

Background:
Construction of this project has been problematic and has gone at least half a billion reals over budget - the final cost is expected to be R$1.2bn (£385m), making it the most expensive of Brazil's 12 World Cup venues. Work began in August 2010, and was only narrowly completed in time for the Confederations Cup.

Heavy rainfall delayed the laying of the pitch until the last week in April 2013, meaning the stadium staged its first match (a game between local sides) on 18 May, after which officials admitted "some problems" remained.
12 july
L61-L62
Capacity: 42,968
Est: 2014
13 june
CHI-AUS
18 june
RUS-KOR
25 june
JPN-COL
22 june
NIG-BIH
Opening:
April 2014

Altitude:
165m (541ft).

Climate:
Hot. The temperatures in Cuiaba are consistently high in June and July, rising to daily highs of just over 30C, while it can reach a sweltering 37C. Thunderstorms are a possibility, with humidity expected to be in the 60-70% range.

Time Zone:
GMT -4 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
1,201 miles.

Where is it?:
Right in the centre of South America, close to the Bolivian border.

Background:
The Estadio Pantanal will be scaled down and used for a variety of different uses once the World Cup is over, with business conventions and events hosted alongside sport. Local clubs Mixto and Operario might be the football tenants.

The stadium has been designed to complement the biodiversity of the nearby Pantanal with certified wood used in its construction and building waste being recycled.
Capacity: 41,456
Est: 1914
16 june
IRI-NIG
20 june
HON-ECU
26 june
ALG-RUS
23 june
AUS-SPA
Opening:
The original stadium opened in 1914 and the latest renovations have been beset by problems. It will not be ready for Fifa's end-of-year deadline but could be completed by February 2014.

Altitude:
920m (3,018 ft).

Climate:
The playing conditions in Curitiba are relatively cool and comfortable with the temperature usually peaking around 20C and a good chance of some rain.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
523 miles.

Where is it?:
South of Sao Paulo, one of the cooler cities in Brazil which saw snow fall this year.

Background:
The home ground of Atletico Paranaense was originally constructed back in 1914 and will have extra rows of seats added on two sides as its capacity is increased to 40,000 for the tournament.
15 june
FRA-HON
18 june
AUS-NET
22 june
KOR-ALG
25 june
NIG-ARG
30 june
1G-2H
Opening:
1969 - refurbished in 2014.

Altitude:
47m (154ft).

Climate:
It can get down to a chilly 10C at Porte Alegre in June and July with highs only around 19C.

Time Zone:
GMT -3 hours.

Approximate distance from Rio:
982 miles.

Where is it?:
The furthest south of the host cities, Porto Alegre sits on a huge freshwater lagoon called Lagoa dos Patos (Lagoon of the Ducks), which is 174 miles long.

Background:
The largest stadium in the south of Brazil was originally built in 1969 and is home to Internacional. It is in the middle of extensive refurbishment with a roof being added, more car parking spaces and the lower tier of seating being moved closer to the pitch.
Capacity: 50,287
Est: 1969
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