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Absolute Monarchies vs. Totalitarianism

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Stephen Janack

on 8 June 2016

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Transcript of Absolute Monarchies vs. Totalitarianism

Absolutist Legislation
Absolutist Executive Power
Absolute Monarchies vs. Totalitarianism
Remaining in Power
Totalitarian Executive Power
Totalitarian Legislation
Similar to an absolute monarch.
The leader's decision in all legal matters is final, and the sentenced will often have no option for appeal.
An absolute monarch also holds all executive power in the state.
The monarch's word was final in all legal decisions.
If one was sentenced for a crime by the monarch, they would have no option for appeal.
Monarch holds all legislative power
The word of the monarch is regarded as the law of the land.
Often would invoke the divine right of kings
Number one goal was to keep the nobles from rebelling
Monarchs would often grant certain privileges to the nobles and army.
Peasants were usually taxed heavily.
What are the differences, and how effective is each system at maintaining power?
Absolutism
vs.
Totalitarianism

Totalitarianism - A one-party dictatorship controls all aspects of its citizens' lives.

Absolute Monarchy - A single monarch holds all legislative and executive power.
Absolutism
Totalitarianism
A single party, consisting of only members who have sworn loyalty to the leader and party, controls all aspects of its citizens' lives.
The controlling party recognizes, as the only boundary to its authority, the border of the nation.
An absolutist monarch unilaterally exercises unrestricted legislative power over their land & country.
However, an absolute monarch may grant several freedoms to the upper classes in order to maintain support.
Remaining in Power
The leader will often be surrounded by a cult of personality.
A state-controlled mass media is also employed, suppressing any dissenting views and opinions.
A Totalitarian government remains in power through a massive propaganda campaign.
Most will also employ mass-surveillance systems to monitor its citizens' activity wherever feasible.
Works Cited
http://www.reeec.illinois.edu/teachers/lesson/documents/soviet_posters.pdf
http://www.funfront.net/hist/total/n-german.htm
http://www2.newcanaan.k12.ct.us/education/components/scrapbook/default.php?sectiondetailid=5158&
https://mcclure-world-history.wikispaces.com/Prussian+Absolutism
http://westerncivguides.umwblogs.org/2009/12/02/russian-absolutism-peter-the-great-and-catherine-the-great/
England (1653 - 1659)
Italy (1922 - 1943)
Germany (1933 - 1945)
USSR (1922 - 1991)
Maintained power for longer than any other major totalitarian state.
Government-Controlled media
Propaganda
Secret Police (KGB)
Cromwell's legislation and office resembled an absolute monarch.
Government structured as a republic.
Ruled as a military dictatorship.
Attempted control over citizens' lives.
Mussolini Built up his own power in government.
He exercised complete control over the actions of the parliament.
Eventually abolished the parliament, ruling as the "Uncrowned King of Italy."
England
France
Spain
Prussia
Italy
Russia
It was difficult in England to rule as an Absolute Monarch.
The Stuart monarchs attempted to rule with Absolute power.
Did not call parliament into session
Disregarded the Magna Carta
Caused an unstable political division
Dynasty overthrown in the Glorious Revolution.
The most notable absolute monarch in French History was King Louis XIV
Shaped reign by childhood experiences.
Nobility Control
Versailles
Louis XIII Appointed Cardinal Richelieu as Chief Minister of France, helped to centralize power.
Ferdinand and Isabella
Spent large amounts on navy from conquests in New World
Maintained status as world power through navy
Philip II ruled by himself as an absolute monarch
Followed France as model for an absolute government.
Once Chancellor, Hitler gained complete power within 18 months
Suppressed/outlawed dissenting political views
Controlled Education
Used Secret Police (S.S.)
Controlled Mass Media
Propaganda
Instead of the leader of the country, the party elites usually draft laws.
Most laws are designed to gradually control the population further.
The leader will often preside over a congress that "approves" the law.
Frederick William I, the Soldier King, ruled as one of the most absolute Rulers of Prussia.
Kept Army Happy, avoided rebellion.
Forced nobility to serve in army to keep their land
Civilian peasants were considered too small of a group to be a threat to power.
In Russia, the Czar held absolute power.
Modeled after Western civilization (Army, technology, etc.)
Taxed peasants, increased size of army.
Took control of the Russian Orthodox Church
Among Oldest Absolute Monarchies; a series of small city-states.
Most were ruled by a few Oligarchs
Marsiglio de Padua;
Defensor Pacis
Papal States needed Absolutism to remain a purely theological area.
Vatican City
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