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Victorian Melodrama

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by

Guillaume Noziere

on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of Victorian Melodrama

Victorian Melodrama since its beginnings in the 1700s How was the style melodrama created? An Insight into
Victorian Melodrama the word melodrama originates from the Greek word "melos" (melody) and the French word "drame" (drama)
it was created when different styles of theater merged together, for example Middle Ages plays and the French "farce" which was acted out before the French Revolution
the first ever full length melodrama play is considered to be Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "Pygmalion", first staged in Lyon in 1770
some people believe that the idea of melodrama dates back to the Ancient Greeks, who presented a similar type of drama How did it evolve into
Victorian melodrama? What are the modern
melodrama styles? soap operas can be considered as modern melodramas because they follow the lives of a group of characters which remain the same
there are also many movies that can be considered as melodramatic movies (for example, "Now, Voyager" (1942) or, a more recent example would be "Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of Crystal Skulls" (2008) What were stock characters
in Victorian melodrama? the HERO the hero is usually a handsome young man who is in love with the heroine
he is considered to be a man of action and physical prowess
usually, he can be seen doing the teapot stance (one foot slightly forward, one arm forming the handle and the other arm would portray emotions) the HEROINE for Victorian melodrama, it was a combination of the German "Sturm und Drang", the French "farce" and some of the Middle Ages moralist and mystery plays
the first English play to be considered a melodrama was the "A Tale of Mystery" written by Holcroft in 1802 the VILLAIN when melodramatic plays were acted out, there were six roles or stock characters that were represented
the six characters were the hero, the heroine, the wise old man, his servant, the villain and his sidekick
all of the characters had to follow a set of rules that corresponded with their role the GOOD OLD MAN the SIDEKICK / CLOWN the COMIC COUPLE What is a narrative tableau? a narrative tableau takes place at the end of a melodramatic play
all the characters get together, in one combined scene, and they pose for a small duration of time (they do not talk or move at all)
a tableau is similar to a painting (translation from french) or photography
the placement on stage and the positions of the actors are very important in the tableau because it will have a large ending impact (they will remember the ending of the play)
http://novaonline.nvcc.edu/eli/spd130et/melodrama.htm#char
http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20111231053618AAz8mJi
http://www.cvrperformingarts.com/drama/Theatre_history/Melodrama/Melodrama_facts.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tableau_vivant she was usually portrayed as a feminine character who was scared, weak and wilting
at times, she could show a bit of courage and some pluck
she would usually do the S shape (a pointing arm with a slightly flexed wrist and sloping shoulders) there could be two interpretations of the villain: grim, determined and very evil or shifty, cowardly and partly comical
he would usually have a cape to cover his face so the audience could only see his eyes
also, he tends to be lower to the ground than the hero the sidekick would usually be the servant of the old man or that of the evil villain
the clown would usually be there to act as a comic relief in order to make the audience laugh
the old man could also act as a comic relief the old man was usually the parent / dad of the heroine who would usually recall the happy days
the old man could also be a comic relief or an evil figure depending on the plot of the melodramatic play they pretty much had the same role as the comic man
they were meant to bring comic relief to the play and make the audience laugh
they were not included in all melodramatic plays and could be left out How were emotions showed? in melodrama, the actors had to follow a strict set of rules which characterized the emotions that they wanted to show
the audience knew a lot about these rules and the characters needed to follow them so they would not get booed by the public
there are many different emotions and I have selected five of them that I will explain in more depth LOVE (male) JOY when the joy is sudden, the actor either claps or leaps to show it
the eyes are opened wide and sometimes with tears ;(
they are sometimes raised towards the sky and heaven
the voice rises during speech to high notes FEAR the actor's face should be turned to the right side
the right hand should be on the actor's mouth
the fingers of the hand should be turned under and touch the palm of the hand
the breath is quick and short
the actor is usually pale ANGER the neck is stretched out while the head is forward
the actor's nods in a menacing manner
the mouth is open
the actor's feet are usually stomping on the ground in a loud manner
the fists are clenched LOVE (female) like the male, her chest is held high
her head is cocked slightly to the side of her body
she has her hands under her chin
her opposite leg is pointed out away from the actor
her hands go out towards her love and she smiles :) chest is held high
the right hand crosses over the actor's chest and rests on the actor's heart
his other hand or arm is open to his loved one in order to express his love for her WEBSITES USED
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