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Grammar Rivision Grade (9)

Grammar
by

nova Alshreef

on 30 October 2015

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Transcript of Grammar Rivision Grade (9)

Grade 9 Grammar Revision
Zero Conditional:

Use:
Talk about universal truth and habits.

Structure:
If + present tense, present tense



If you
heat
water to 100°C,
it
boils
.
What happen if you heat water to 100 degree?
Present Perfect
Structure:

S + has + v3 .........
She has cut her hair.

sinscere-is-mine@hotmail.com
Subject-Verb Agreement A

Do not change needlessly from one tense to another.
When describing events that occur at the same time, use verbs in the same tense. When describing events that occur at different times, use different tenses to show clearly the order of events.
Teacher: Nouf ALKarimi
Lesson (1) Agreements

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun or another pronoun. The word a pronoun replaces is called the pronoun’s antecedent.

If she were rich she would travel a lot.
Compound Subjects Joined by And
A compound subject is made up of two or more subjects that have the same verb. Subjects
joined by and generally take a plural verb.

Example:
Rhonda and her father (bakes,
bake
) their favorite herb bread. [

.
Thank
you
for
watching!
Lesson (7)
Apostrophes ( ' )
(1) Singular subjects take singular verbs.
(Do, Does) an elephant need a lot of water?
(2) Plural subjects take plural verbs
The polar bears (
enjoy
, enjoys) their pond of cool water.
Compound Subjects with Or or Nor
For compound subjects joined by or or nor, the verb should agree with the subject nearer the verb.
Example:
Neither
my parents
nor
I (
expect,
expects) the project to be easy! [
Exercise:
Choose the sentence which is grammatically correct:
A Lupe want to learn how to line dance.
B Beth, along with Greg and Maria, are planning a backpacking trip.
C How many dreidels does Miriam need to buy for Hanukkah?
D Two of Europe’s active volcanoes, Etna and Stromboli, is in Italy.
C How many dreidels does Miriam need to buy for Hanukkah?
ANSWER :
A pronoun should agree in number and gender with its antecedent.
Example:
How sleepy the baby boy looks in _____ car seat!
Correct the following sentence

Either Sara or Ali will do his presentation on the morning assembly.
Either Sara will do her presentation or Ali will do his presentation on the morning assembly.
FUTURE PERFECT

By the time I
get
home, the sun
will have set

http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/8-6.html

Lesson (1) Subject - Verb Agreements
Lesson (2) Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement A
Lesson (3) Consistency of Tense :
Structure:

S + have + v3 .........
They have read many books on this topic.
Present Perfect
Who is a subject pronoun
And if you recall, a pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Sometimes we use pronouns instead of nouns
.
Example:

1.
Janice is the student
who
has read the most books.

2.
Janice and Sara are the students
who
are created the bulletin board.

3.
(
Who
, Whom) is the president of student government?

4.
Mrs Pratt,
who
is very kind, is my teacher.

5.
Benjamin Franklin , A practical man of great dynamism and good character.
who
is a great polymath and promoter of American ideals at home and in the US.
ب
بل
ب
بلبببب
اانتنتنهاا
سSimple Future + Present Perfect
Tomorrow our teacher _______ which class has won the recycling contest.
A did announce
B will announce
C has announced
D announces

ااWhen you mean it is or it has, use an apostrophe.
Examples:

It’s
a nice day.

It’s
your right to refuse the invitation.

It’s
been great getting to know you.
نتنتنهاا
Lesson (5)
Its vs. It’s
_____ a nice day for shopping.
The car is missing _____ key.


A Its / it’s
B Its / its

C It’s / its
D It’s / it’s


When you are using its as a possessive, don’t use the apostrophe.
Examples:
The cat hurt
its
paw.
The furniture store celebrated
its
tenth anniversary.

Lesson (6)
Using Comma ( , )

1. Use a comma when directly addressing someone or something in a sentence.

"I bought a beautiful, long, red, Italian, silk tie
, Christina,
” said her grandmother in a voice full of memory.


Use the apostrophe to show possession. To show possession with a singular noun, add an apostrophe plus the letter s.

Examples:
The president’s press
a woman's hat
the boss's wife
Mrs. Chang's house
Semicolon before
however

I missed the early plane; however, I still made the meeting.
Quotation Marks
“I hope ,” Mr. John said, “that all my students could

visit the Smithsonian Institution.”
Use the apostrophe to show possession. To show possession with a plural nouns, add s plus an apostrophe.

The two actresses' roles were perfect.
Lesson (4) Who - Whom
If you list a "junior" with his spouse, the "Jr." can go after both names, as in "Mr. and Mrs. Arthur C. Banks Jr." or "Mr. Arthur C. Banks Jr. and Gloria Banks — but not Arthur C. and Gloria Banks Jr. You should avoid using a "Jr." or "Sr." when you have only the last name — Mr. Banks Jr.
Abbreviations
Words used with numbers: He left at 2:00 a.m. She was born in 1520 B.C.
Example:

This morning at 8:00 a.m. , Prof. E. G. Cummings, Jr. , will speak about Egyptian civilization.
Capitalization
Captialize this:
- Races, nationalities, languages: Swedes, Swedish, African American, Jewish, French, Native American.

Example:
Aristotle, the
G
reek philosopher,
Captialize this:
Names of courses: Economics, Biology

Example:
"I'm taking courses in
B
iology and
E
arth
S
cience this summer.")
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